Majority Of Americans Stressed Over Being In A Mass Shooting – Trump To Blame?
In the aftermath of two mass shootings, a new poll reveals the stress and fear Americans have over potentially being the victim of another tragedy. Majority Of Americans Stressed Over Being In A Mass Shooting – Trump To Blame?
A large majority of adults in the United States are stressed by mass shootings, and a third of U.S. adults say that fear of mass shootings stops them from going to certain places and events, according to a new survey on stress and mass shootings by the American Psychological Association.
“It’s clear that mass shootings are taking a toll on our mental health, and we should be particularly concerned that they are affecting the way many of us are living our daily lives,” said Arthur C. Evans Jr., PhD, APA’s chief executive officer. “The more these events happen in places where people can see themselves frequenting, the greater the mental health impact will be. We don’t have to experience these events directly for them to affect us. Simply hearing about them can have an emotional impact, and this can have negative repercussions for our mental and physical health.”
To better understand the impact of mass shootings on stress and health in the aftermath of the recent tragic El Paso and Dayton shootings, APA commissioned the nationally representative survey. It was conducted online by The Harris Poll between Aug. 8 and 12 among 2,017 adults ages 18 and older who reside in the U.S.
The current survey found that more than three-quarters of adults (79%) in the U.S. say they experience stress as a result of the possibility of a mass shooting. Additionally, many adults report that they are changing their behavior due to fear of mass shootings. Nearly one in three adults (32%) feel they cannot go anywhere without worrying about being a victim of a mass shooting, while just about the same number (33%) say fear prevents them from going to certain places or events. Nearly one-quarter (24%) of adults report changing how they live their lives because of fear of a mass shooting.
When asked which places they are stressed about the possibility of a mass shooting occurring, adults most commonly say a public event (53%), mall (50%), school or university (42%) or movie theater (38%), with only one in five (21%) saying they never experience stress as a result of the possibility of a mass shooting.
“Mass shootings are a public health issue, and we need to take a comprehensive public health approach to understand and devise lasting policy solutions,” Evans said. “It is important that people and policymakers realize that this is not an insurmountable issue; it is something we have the power to change.”
Women report feeling stressed more often than men about the possibility of a shooting (85% vs. 71%), and parents of children under the age of 18 are nearly twice as likely as those without children under 18 to say they experience stress often or constantly because of the possibility of a mass shooting (28% vs.16%). Further, 62% of parents say they “live in fear that their children will be victims of a mass shooting”.
For information on managing distress in the aftermath of a mass shooting, visit www.stressinamerica.org.
The results of this survey come in advance of the findings of APA’s annual Stress in America™ survey, which will be released this fall.
This survey was conducted online within the United States between Aug. 8 and 12, 2019, among 2,017 U.S. adults (ages 18 and older) by The Harris Poll on behalf of the American Psychological Association via its Harris On Demand omnibus product. Figures for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, region and household income were weighted where necessary to bring them into line with their actual proportions in the population. Propensity score weighting was used to adjust for respondents’ propensity to be online.
All sample surveys and polls, whether or not they use probability sampling, are subject to multiple sources of error that are most often not possible to quantify or estimate, including sampling error, coverage error, error associated with nonresponse, error associated with question wording and response options, and post-survey weighting and adjustments. Therefore, the words “margin of error” are avoided, as they are misleading. All that can be calculated are different possible sampling errors with different probabilities for pure, unweighted, random samples with 100% response rates. These are only theoretical because no published polls come close to this ideal.
Respondents for this survey were selected from among those who have agreed to participate in our surveys. The data have been weighted to reflect the composition of the adult population. Because the sample is based on those who agreed to participate in the online panel, no estimates of theoretical sampling error can be calculated.
List Of Mass Shootings In The United States In 2019
There Are Many Definitions Of A Mass Shooting. Listed Roughly From Broad To Specific:
• Stanford University MSA Data Project: three or more persons shot in one incident, excluding the perpetrator(s), at one location, at roughly the same time. Excluded are shootings associated with organized crime, gangs or drug wars.
• Mass Shooting Tracker: four or more persons shot in one incident, at one location, at roughly the same time.
• Gun Violence Archive/Vox: four or more shot in one incident, excluding the perpetrators, at one location, at roughly the same time.
• Mother Jones: three or more shot and killed in one incident at a public place, excluding the perpetrators.
• The Washington Post: four or more shot and killed in one incident at a public place, excluding the perpetrators.
• ABC News/FBI: four or more shot and killed in one incident, excluding the perpetrators, at one location, at roughly the same time.
• Congressional Research Service: four or more shot and killed in one incident, excluding the perpetrators, at a public place, excluding gang-related killings and those done with a profit-motive.
This is a list of mass shootings in the United States that have occurred in 2019. Mass shootings are incidents involving multiple victims of firearm-related violence. The precise inclusion criteria are disputed, and there is no broadly accepted definition.
Gun Violence Archive, a nonprofit research group that tracks shootings and their characteristics in the United States, defines a mass shooting as an incident in which four or more people, excluding the perpetrator(s), are shot in one location at roughly the same time. The Congressional Research Service narrows that definition, limiting it to “public mass shootings”, and defined by four or more victims killed. It excludes counting wounded survivors. The Washington Post and Mother Jones use similar definitions, with the latter acknowledging that their definition “is a conservative measure of the problem”, as shootings with fewer fatalities occur.The crowdsourced Mass Shooting Tracker project defines a mass shooting as “an incident where four or more people are shot in a single shooting spree. This may include the gunman himself, or police shootings of civilians around the gunman.”
As of October 31, 2019, 370 mass shootings have occurred in 2019 that fit the inclusion criteria of this article. This averages 1.22 mass shootings per day. In these shootings, 1,466 people were injured and 441 died, for a total of 1,907 victims.
El Paso Shooting: 20 People Dead, 26 Injured, Suspect In Custody, Police Say
Gov. Greg Abbott called it “one of the most deadly days in the history of Texas.”
A gunman opened fire Saturday in a Walmart and around a nearby shopping mall in El Paso, Texas, leaving 20 people dead and 26 injured, law enforcement officials said.
In delivering an updated number of deceased, Gov. Greg Abbott called it “one of the most deadly days in the history of Texas.”
“Twenty innocent people from El Paso have lost their lives,” he said.
Authorities appealed for urgent blood donations for the wounded.
One suspect was in custody, officials said.
Law enforcement sources say police identified the suspect as Patrick Crusius, 21, from the Dallas area. Sgt. Robert Gomez of the El Paso Police Department said no shots were fired by law enforcement.
Multiple senior law enforcement officials believe Crusius posted a screed online just prior to the attack. They say investigators are examining a posting they suspect is from him but that they have not officially confirmed it.
The sources said it was too soon to draw any motives from the posting.
It appears the document, with no mention of the location of the attack, was posted on an extremist website at 10:12 a.m. Saturday, El Paso time, according to law enforcement sources. Police say the first 911 call alerting them to the shooting at the Walmart was made 27 minutes later ― not enough time to act.
‘Nexus … To A Hate Crime’
El Paso police Chief Gregory K. Allen said at an evening news conference that the crime appears to have “a nexus at this point in time to a hate crime.”
However, the FBI special agent in charge of the El Paso office, Emmerson Buie, said it was too early to determine if this was indeed a hate crime and that the investigation into a motive continued.
“We’re reviewing all the evidence,” Buie said.
Allen said the shooting was reported at 10:39 a.m., and police were on the scene six minutes later.
Authorities initially said a second person was taken into custody, but later said they believe only one person was responsible.
The victims included at least three Mexican citizens, according to Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who announced the figure in a video tweet.
“I regret the events in El Paso, Texas, neighboring town and brother of Ciudad Juarez and our nation,” he said. “I send my condolences to the families of the victims, both American and Mexican.”
What We Know So Far:
▪ The Shooting Took Place In A Walmart And Around The Nearby Cielo Vista Mall In El Paso.
▪ Police Received Their First Calls On The Incident At 10:39 A.M.
▪ 20 People Were Killed And 26 Injured.
▪ Police Put Out An Urgent Call For Blood Donations In Light Of The High Number Of Injuries.
▪ One Male Suspect Is In Custody.
Close to the Mexican border, the retail area around the Cielo Vista Mall is a popular shopping destination for people on both sides of the dividing line, as evidenced by the Texas and Mexican license plates in the parking lots, although the crackdown at the border has cut down on some of that consumer traffic.
In several tweets, police initially urged people to stay away from the area, but by 1 p.m. said there was no imminent threat.
‘Shocked And Scared’
A Walmart employee told NBC affiliate KTSM in El Paso that she was working by the self-checkout when gunshots rang out. The employee, who only wanted to be identified by her first name, Leslie, said she initially thought boxes had been dropped.
“I thought it was just like loud boxes being dropped or something, until they got closer and closer,” she said. “That’s when I looked at my co-worker, and we looked at each other like shocked and scared.”
“I got all the people that I could, I even found a little girl that was missing from her parents, and I got her, too. I tried to get as many people as I could out,” the Walmart worker said.
Adriana Quezada, 39, was in the store with her two children when the shooting began.
“I heard the shots but I thought they were hits, like roof construction,”she told The Associated Press.
In a tweet Saturday afternoon, Walmart said it was “in shock.”
‘Blood Needed Urgently’
“We’re praying for the victims, the community & our associates, as well as the first responders,” a statement posted on Twitter read. “We’re working closely with law enforcement & will update as appropriate.”
Authorities on Saturday asked for those who want to help to consider going to area blood donation centers.
“Blood needed urgently,” El Paso police tweeted. “Multiple injured transported to various hospitals.”
A University Medical Center of El Paso spokesman said the victims had been taken to different hospitals. The University Medical Center received 13 victims, many with “level one” injuries, which is the most serious level, spokesman Ryan Mielke said.
He said two children, ages 2 and 9,were taken to El Paso Children’s Hospital and their conditions were stabilized.
At another hospital, Del Sol Medical Center, an official said 11 victims ranging in age from 35 to 82 years old had been transported there.
President Donald Trump tweeted twice Saturday about the attack. In the latest he said, “There are no reasons or excuses that will ever justify killing innocent people.”
The city’s mayor and other public officials also responded.
“Our hearts go out to those who have been injured and the families of those who may have been killed,” El Paso Mayor Dee Margo said during an interview with KTSM.
Rep. Veronica Escobar, D-Texas, was an hour into a town hall meeting at Coronado High School, 15 miles from the mall, when she abruptly had to end the event because of the shooting.
“You all, I am so sorry,” she said. “There is an active shooter. We are going to need to clear the event.”
The crowd gasped in response and began to move, according to the congresswoman’s Facebook Live video.
“We’ve been asked by law enforcement to just send everybody home,” she said.
A reunification site for families of possible victims was set up at a local school.
El Paso Community College said in a tweet that all of its campuses have been evacuated “out of an abundance of caution.”
Democratic presidential hopeful Beto O’Rourke of El Paso told reporters Saturday night Trump’s past rhetoric demeaning Mexican immigrants bears some responsibility.
The president’s stance toward immigrants from south of the border “doesn’t just offend our sensibilities …. it leads to violence.”
U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-Texas, speaking as chairman of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, condemned Trump’s rhetoric as a contributor to such violence.
“The language in the shooter’s manifesto is consistent with President Donald Trump’s description of Hispanic immigrants as ‘invaders,'” he said in a statement. “Today’s shooting is a stark reminder of the dangers of such rhetoric.”
Abbott, however, said it was too soon to discuss blame and gun policy.
“There are bodies that haven’t even been recovered,” he told reporters at a separate press conference. “We need to focus more on memorials before we start the politics.”
Residents participated in a prayer and vigil Saturday night at El Paso High School, according to KTSM.
The FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives responded to the scene to assist the El Paso Police Department.
Town Center Mall Shooting Report Panic Captured On Video
eople shared dramatic videos from inside Town Center Mall as Boca Raton, Florida police investigated reports of possible gunfire. Some of the videos, which you can see throughout this article, showed heavily armed law enforcement officers inside the mall and people hiding or fleeing in panic. Police now say there is no active shooter, however.
People received a cascading series of changing pieces of information from law enforcement, who now say no one was shot at all. “There is no active shooter at this time at Town Center Mall. @bocapolice responded to a report of shots fired and is currently conducting a search of the mall,” police reported. Police then said a person had a gunshot wound. “Updating-no active shooter. Report of shots fired. One person with gunshot wound transported to Delray Medical Center. SWAT teams grid searching mall. If in mall shelter in place until officers reach you to evacuate you,” they wrote.
Police then wrote this update: “Correction: One person with a POSSIBLE gunshot wound transported to Delray Medical Center. SWAT teams are continuing to clear the mall and evacuate people. If you are still in the mall, please stay sheltered in place until officers evacuate you.” Finally, police ruled out gunfire altogether: “The victim did not sustain a gunshot wound. At this point, we are investigating a suspicious incident as the source of loud bangs remains unknown.” This is not uncommon in fast changing active shooter scares, though.
Views from inside Baco Raton mall where police are responding to reports of active shooter. @WPLGLocal10 pic.twitter.com/MntoBfLSAE
— Parker Branton (@ParkerBranton) October 13, 2019
“The mall is now clear and reentry is permitted from 9:30-11pm for employees & people who wish to retrieve items that were left behind. The ONLY entry point is the main entrance. All other access points are locked. Vehicles can be retrieved from the lot,” police wrote.
They also wrote back to a woman on Twitter who said: “We have been stuck inside a store since 3:15 today. What is the time frame to let us out!?!” Police responded, “We don’t have a time frame because evacuation procedures are methodical to ensure everyone’s safety. Thank you for your patience and cooperation. You will be escorted to a debriefing location and then released from the scene.”
In a news conference, police stated that the one victim, found in the food court, had a non-life threatening “trauma wound” and was taken to the hospital. In the news conference, police backed off confirming that wound came from a gunshot. Police were doing a grid search of the mall.
Updating-no active shooter. Report of shots fired. One person with gunshot wound transported to Delray Medical Center. SWAT teams grid searching mall. If in mall shelter in place until officers reach you to evacuate you @bocapolice
— Boca Raton Police (@BocaPolice) October 13, 2019
Boca Raton police had confirmed in an earlier written statement that they are investigating reports of a shooting at Town Center Mall. They have not said yet whether they have confirmed an actual shooting. Sometimes these situations turn out to be false panics, but sometimes they do not. In this case, it’s too early to say but there was clearly a massive law enforcement response to the scene, and the ATF is involved.
Police advised earlier, “We are working an active incident at the Town Center Mall 6000 W Glades. Avoid the area or shelter in place. We are working an active incident at the Town Center Mall 6000 W Glades. Avoid the area & shelter in place.”
The ATF Miami wrote on Twitter, ” @ATFMiami is enroute to the Town Center Mall in Boca Raton to provide assistance on a reported active shooter.”
“ACTIVE SHOOTER at Boca Town Center. My friend is locked in a dressing room,” a woman wrote on Twitter, although the active shooter reports have now been debunked by police. However, the panic spread quickly. “…in the fruit stand at boca raton. so far everyone is okay. we are in a lock down in the store right now. nothing is confirmed,” wrote another person on Twitter.
I am currently stuck in a Victoria Secret due to a reported shooter in the Boca Raton Town Center Mall, I am safe w my friends. I would really like to thank the @VictoriasSecret workers for keeping us safe pic.twitter.com/2Cy6jsAVMU
— Nika (@Nikapotimus) October 13, 2019
“Reports of a shooting at Town Center Mall,” the police wrote on their Twitter page on the afternoon of October 13, 2019. Police said they were on the scene and “currently conducting an active search of the area. Please avoid the mall area. PIO enroute media to meet at 2301 West Glades parking lot.” Boca Raton police also tweeted, “All persons in Town Center Mall shelter in place while @bocapolice and SWAT teams conduct search of mall.”
BREAKING- @ATFMiami is enroute to the Town Center Mall in Boca Raton to provide assistance on a reported active shooter. For the latest updates and info, please follow @BocaPolice pic.twitter.com/gqSZXgmIRi
— ATF Miami (@ATFMiami) October 13, 2019
Here’s What You Need To Know:
Videos Emerged Showing the Panic & Scene Inside the Mall
This is happening right next to us at the Boca mall , this is insane. #BocaRaton pic.twitter.com/co96aMrYGH
— Moe ???? (@TrapCamel) October 13, 2019
Frightening videos captured the law enforcement response inside and outside the Boca Raton mall.
BREAKING: Shoppers being evacuated from Town Center mall in Boca Raton, FL after reports of active shooter. #activeshooter pic.twitter.com/fs9by0NMG0
— Corp Main News (@corp_main) October 13, 2019
Andrew Perez, a journalist with WPLG, wrote, “BREAKING: large police presence at Boca Raton mall. Employees reporting they are locked in place, texting loved ones about *possible* shooter. We’re working to gather more information RIGHT NOW. Standby.”
Armed law enforcement officers were searching the mall.
BREAKING: large police presence at Boca Raton mall. Employees reporting they are locked in place, texting loved ones about *possible* shooter. We’re working to gather more information RIGHT NOW. Standby. @WPLGLocal10
VIDEO courtesy: @umdontbejelly #boca #bocaraton pic.twitter.com/aR5A2czFiM
— Andrew Perez (@AndrewPerezWPLG) October 13, 2019
It was clear that a massive law enforcement response had converged on the mall.
????????#EEUU #ÚLTIMAHORA | Tiroteo en el centro Comercial Town Center en #BocaRaton, #Florida. Policía en el lugar. pic.twitter.com/8Y1QtoLvpk
— Rochex R. Robinson Bonilla (@RochexRB27) October 13, 2019
According to the Sun-Sentinel, Joel Meyer told the newspaper that his wife and friends were inside Macy’s when they heard people yelling “active shooter” and running from the store. One friend fled Macy’s without her clothes, according to Sun-Sentinel.
Swat Team going in for active shooter #bocaraton pic.twitter.com/bttJQsKLpA
— Rachel Cohn (@umdontbejelly) October 13, 2019
“There was a loud pop exploding from around forever 21 and the food court. Then two minutes later I saw 50 people running towards us from a different part of the mall, we think this might have been to get people closer to the target area,” a man claimed on Twitter. This video shows the inside of the mall. That report had not yet been confirmed by authorities.
Eleven Hurt In New Orleans Shooting
Two in critical condition after early morning incident, one person detained, police say.
Eleven people were injured in an early Sunday morning shooting on the edge of New Orleans’s French Quarter.
Police said that two of the people were in critical condition and that an individual was detained by police but that no arrests had been made.
The shooting took place on a commercial stretch of Canal Street, not far from the city’s famed Bourbon Street. Police near that location reported hearing gunfire around 3:21 a.m. local time and arrived to find multiple people shot. Ten of the victims were taken to area hospitals, while the 11th was a walk-in at a hospital.
Aaron Looney, a spokesman with the New Orleans Police Department, said police are investigating what prompted the shooting.
“Motive has not been determined at this time,” he said.
Police said in a Twitter post that an individual was detained near the site of the shooting but “their possible involvement in this incident remains under investigation.”
The shooting occurred during the Bayou Classic, an annual Thanksgiving weekend event that celebrates a football rivalry between Grambling State University and Southern University.
It was the second time in recent years that multiple people were injured in a shooting on Bayou Classic weekend. In 2016, a shooting on Bourbon Street left a 25-year-old man dead and nine injured after an argument broke out between two men.
Rise in Anti-Semitic Incidents Goes Beyond Recent Violent Attacks
Incidents have jumped since 2016, with some Jews citing feelings of vulnerability not experienced for generations.
The deadly attack in a New Jersey kosher market last week punctuated several years of growing, increasingly violent, incidents of anti-Semitism in the U.S., a marked turnaround from declines that had lasted more than a decade.
The shooting in Jersey City, where three people were killed at the market, was the third deadly attack at a Jewish space in just over a year. In April, a shooting at a synagogue outside San Diego killed one worshipper and injured three others, including the rabbi. In October last year, a shooter killed 11 people at a Pittsburgh synagogue in the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in U.S. history.
“It would appear these kinds of acts of anti-Semitism are now the new normal,” said Jonathan Greenblatt, chief executive of the Anti-Defamation League, which tracks anti-Semitic incidents.
Mr. Greenblatt said that anti-Semitic incidents had been declining in the U.S. since 2001 but that this trend abruptly reversed in 2016, when they jumped 34% from a year earlier. The next year, anti-Semitic incidents—including harassment, vandalism and assault, as reported to the league by victims, law enforcement and the media—jumped 57%, the largest single-year increase since the group began tracking such data in the 1970s; while 2018 was slightly better, it still had the third-highest total of anti-Semitic incidents the group has ever recorded, with anti-Semitic assaults more than doubling from 2017.
The FBI, which compiles hate-crime data based on reports from local law-enforcement agencies, found the number of such incidents rose 29% in 2018 from 2015.
As of September, anti-Semitic hate crimes in New York City—home to the country’s largest Jewish population—were up 51% this year from the same period last year, according to New York Police Department data. That included a string of assaults against Orthodox Jews in Brooklyn, as well as a sharp rise in anti-Semitic subway graffiti. In one incident this year, “DIE JEW BITCH,” along with a swastika, was scrawled over a poster of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
For some Jews, the abrupt rise has been jarring—something they never thought they would have to deal with in the modern U.S.
Rabbi Stewart Vogel, president-elect of the Rabbinical Assembly, the international organization of Conservative rabbis, said he never thought he would give a sermon on anti-Semitism, which he had considered a vestige of the 1930s and ’40s in the U.S. At age 60, it wasn’t something he had seriously dealt with—until recently.
“It creates a vulnerability that our community has not felt in several generations,” he said.
Anti-Semitism in the U.S. has paralleled a similar rise in Europe, where Jews have been targeted in a series of attacks in recent years, including one where a Holocaust survivor was thrown out of a window. A report by France’s National Human Rights Advisory Committee found that anti-Semitic incidents in the country rose 70% in 2018 from a year earlier.
Nadie Epstein, editor of Moment Magazine, a publication about Jewish life, said that for her whole life until 2016, anti-Semitism in the U.S. “existed largely in isolated pockets on the fringes.” In 2014, the magazine interviewed dozens of Jewish leaders about anti-Semitism, and the consensus view was that it wasn’t a serious concern in the U.S., though it was rising in Europe.
Now, she said, that has palpably changed in ways that she feels in her own Washington, D.C., neighborhood. She has found anti-Semitic fliers on the sidewalk outside her house. Swastikas have appeared on nearby buildings and mailboxes.
“I never would have dreamed that I would live at a time when the act of going into a synagogue or entering a store would make me wonder, ‘Is this the day when some crazy with a gun who blames the Jews for something, is going to show up?’ ” she said.
Ms. Epstein said she believes the turning point came during the 2016 campaign, when Mr. Trump tweeted an image of Hillary Clinton, the leading Democratic candidate, with a six-pointed star many interpreted as the Star of David juxtaposed with money. Mr. Trump later deleted the tweet, but said the reaction was overblown.
Some critics have said that some of Mr. Trump’s rhetoric has helped foster an environment that allows more public airing of views hostile to Jews. Mr. Trump has denied that he has used anti-Semitic trope. He and other Republicans have said commentary from the political left is a threat to Jews in the U.S.
Three board members of the Women’s March, an organization founded in large part to oppose Mr. Trump and his policies, stepped down earlier this year after two were accused of making anti-Semitic remarks.
Previously, most deadly attacks against Jews have been perpetrated by right-wing extremists, Mr. Greenblatt, of the Anti-Defamation League, said. He said the Jersey City incident, where police are still trying to determine what motivated the attackers to target a Jewish business, showed the threat is more complex.
“We can’t comfort ourselves that it’s only coming from one source,” Mr. Greenblatt said.
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