High Inflation Forces One-Third Of Americans To Get A Side Gig To Pay Expenses (#GotBitcoin)
Side hustlers make $1,122 per month on average from their part-time work — up from $686 last year, according to Bankrate. High Inflation Forces One-Third Of Americans To Get A Side Gig To Pay Expenses (#GotBitcoin)
Jobs are more plentiful, the overall economy has been on an upswing, and yet one-third of Americans say they need to work a side job to pay their routine expenses, according to a new survey.
And nearly half — 45% — of U.S. workers earn additional income outside of their primary career, a Bankrate study released Wednesday found.
This includes 48% of millennials. The percentage of Gen Xers and baby boomers with a side hustle is slightly lower, coming in at 39% and 28%, respectively.
Side hustlers make an average of $1,122 per month from their part-time work. That’s up from $686 last year. And approximately 40% of millennials who do work a job on the side say that gig brings in half of their monthly income.
Why American Workers Are Hustling
“A lot of people are working side hustles because even though the economy is strong, wages are stagnant,” Amanda Dixon, an analyst at Bankrate, told MarketWatch. “For a lot of Americans, expenses are rising, but there are no raises at work.”
The average hourly earnings of private non-farm employees sat at $27.77 in April 2019, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That same month, the Bureau put the average hourly earnings growth rate at 3.2% per year. But that percentage isn’t adjusted for inflation or changes to the costs of living. When those variables are factored into the calculation, real wages have shrunk by 0.8% over the past 12 months and by 9% since 2006, according to PayScale.
For millennials, a need to pay off student debt and a desire to have more disposable income are also common motivations for taking on additional jobs, Dixon said.
“Millennials want extra money for experiences and travel,” Dixon said. “And most haven’t reached the peak earning point in their careers yet, so a side hustle can allow them to have financial stability while also being able to do more of what they want.”
That’s the case for Josh Seefried. The 33-year-old Arlington, Virginia, resident graduated from the United States Air Force Academy in 2009. After eight years of serving, he left the Air Force to start a yachting company.
The only issue is that the job is part-time. Seefried decided to take on a bartending job on the side to earn some extra money.
“It gives me extra comfort,” he told MarketWatch. Seefried rents, lives with his partner and doesn’t have kids. He could pay all of his basic expenses with his yachting company, but the additional $2,000 a month that bartending brings in adds to his sense of financial security.
A lot of his friends, millennials who graduated college right around the time of the 2008 financial crisis, also have side hustles or simply work multiple part-time jobs.
“With the crash, our generation has already been stripped of the idea that you can sit in a corporation for 20 years and get a pension. None of us believe that anymore, so we’d rather do what we actually want to do in life,” Seefried said.
For Seefried and many millennials, that often means spending money on travel.
“I could go get a successful job in a corporation, but I’d rather chase travel and experiences and make ends meet in a bunch of different ways than work a corporate job that’s only going to let me travel two weeks a year,” Seefried said. “We just have different values as a generation.”
From crafting to child care: what gig workers are doing
Side gigs include everything from working as a bartender like Seefried to running online blogs or social media accounts. The most common side hustles in 2018 were home repair and landscaping, selling products online, crafts, and child care, according to Bankrate.
“I was a little surprised Uber and Lyft weren’t on there, but I think that may change,” Dixon said.
Though Uber and Lyft didn’t make it onto the list, many side hustlers, including 84% of millennials who work extra jobs, say technology plays a role in how they get their additional income.
“Technology has really changed the game for people wanting to enter this side job gig economy,” Dixon said. It’s allowing side hustlers not only to sell products online but also to market their services to a larger audience through the internet.
Some make the leap from part-time to full-time
Most people with a side job are doing it to get a bit more money in their bank account. But 27% of side hustlers actually prefer their part-time gig to their primary job, according Bankrate.
For these individuals, the goal can often be to turn their hustle into their career, and some have seen success.
Nicaila Matthews Okome, a 35-year-old Washington, D.C., resident, started blogging while looking for a full-time job after finishing graduate school.
“I was getting a lot of rejections, and I started my side hustle as an outlet for me to affirm myself,” she told MarketWatch.
When her blog began to gain traction, she launched a podcast called Side Hustle Pro with the goal of spotlighting black female entrepreneurs.
Today, producing the podcast — which she says has received almost two million downloads to date and has paid advertisers — and coaching others on how they can start their own successful podcasts make up her full-time job. “I teach emerging podcasters to launch, scale, and monetize their podcast,” she said.
Though many would like to turn their side hustles into their careers, Dixon warns that it’s not always possible.
“Selling things on Etsy may not be as lucrative as one might hope, and you may still need income from two jobs,” she said.
Despite the benefits of additional income, side hustles often come with risks and complications that many overlook.
“If you’re working part-time, you often don’t have protections and could get injured,” Dixon said.
Because side hustlers typically aren’t full-time employees, they’re generally not protected by anti-discrimination laws and in some cases, they may not be eligible for worker’s compensation if they get injured on the job. And part-time workers usually don’t qualify for company benefits such like health insurance and retirement savings plans.
The IRS Can’t Figure Out How To Tax Gig Workers
The government has lowered the threshold for reporting business income received through payment apps, except no one is actually held accountable for not complying.
The IRS is going after the gig economy, dramatically lowering the threshold for reporting income outside traditional workplaces. But if you’ve been keeping your side hustle off the books, the new rule probably won’t be what forces you to come clean.
As of Jan. 1, Venmo and other payment apps are required to alert the IRS when a user receives more than $600 annually for selling goods or providing services. Previously, IRS notification was necessary only when there were more than 200 transactions totaling at least $20,000.
It’s a lot harder to shirk tax obligations when income is reported to the IRS because it creates a “paper” trail. The way it’s supposed to work now, once a business user hits the $600 limit, the payment app will send them a special tax form to fill out and also notify the IRS. Then, when the person files their taxes, the government can check to make sure they’ve disclosed the same amount that was reported by the payment network.
It’s typically a red flag for the IRS if someone has received one of those forms but hasn’t reported any additional income.
Not surprisingly, there’s been a backlash against the new provision. Etsy sellers, Airbnb hosts, hair stylists and more say they’re being targeted by the IRS while audit rates for the wealthiest Americans have dropped to less than 2%.
But attacks about fairness miss a much more basic fact: The rule is easy to ignore. If lawmakers and the IRS are serious about Uncle Sam getting his bite of gig economy income, they’re going to have to put more teeth into it.
IRS notification under the new rule is limited to commercial transactions, while personal reimbursements, gifts and charitable contributions are exempt. But the law was written in a vague and confusing way, giving the payment apps and many of their customers plenty of wiggle room.
Overwhelmed by years of underfunding and facing a backlog for this year’s filing season, the IRS hasn’t offered much clarification or additional guidance. So it’s been left to the payment networks to decide for themselves how to comply.
And that’s leading to more confusion as compliance rules diverge. For example, Cash App says it will only report on users with business accounts, so those operating a side business under personal accounts may have the easiest time avoiding additional taxes.
But Venmo’s website says it will send a tax form to any customer with transactions for goods and services above $600 in both personal and business accounts. Meanwhile, Zelle says it doesn’t have to comply with the reporting requirement at all.
On Venmo’s part, the payment company says it will freeze account holders’ funds if they fail to provide their Social Security numbers and other tax information as requested. But to get to that point, payments must have been classified as a business transaction in the first place.
As it stands now, much depends on the person making the payment, who must check the correct box when sending across their money to indicate whether it’s business or personal.
Venmo users may not even notice the prompt to toggle yes or no if the payment is for a good or service. Some simply may not care enough to bother, and yet others may have agreed with the recipient of the funds to classify the transaction as personal.
Regardless of the motivation, it’s very unlikely that a person making a payment is going to suffer any consequences for getting it wrong. The bar is high to show that the person buying a good or service has intentionally misclassified a transaction or knowingly violated the law, says Steve Rosenthal, a tax attorney and senior fellow at the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center.
Some side hustlers may decide they’d rather just deal in cash than have to face new reporting requirements, even if they’re easy to dodge. But given the convenience of cashless payment apps, especially as people increasingly transact remotely, most will continue using them.
For the government to get its legal share of that growing income category, it’s going to have to plug a lot of holes in its rule. Maybe it should start by deciding who it’s going to make accountable for compliance.