Costco Drops Roundup, Could Home Depot & Lowe’s Be Next? Monsanto Loses 40% Of Market Value (#GotBitcoin?)
Plaintiffs’ lawyers say research was skewed by company cooperation with scientists; Bayer AG says the product is safe. Costco Drops Roundup, Could Home Depot & Lowe’s Be Next? Monsanto Loses 40% Of Market Value (#GotBitcoin?)
For years, scientists at Monsanto Co. worked closely with outside researchers on studies that concluded its Roundup weedkiller was safe.
That collaboration is now one of the biggest liabilities for the world’s most widely used herbicide and its new owner, Bayer AG, which faces mounting lawsuits alleging a cancer link to Roundup.
Plaintiffs’ attorneys are putting Monsanto’s ties to the scientific community at the center of a series of high-stakes suits against Bayer. Since the German company acquired Monsanto last June, two juries in California have sided with plaintiffs who have lymphoma and blamed the herbicide for their disease. Bayer’s shares have fallen roughly 35% since the first verdict.
In both cases, plaintiffs’ attorneys argued that Monsanto’s influence on outside studies of Roundup’s active ingredient tainted the safety research. The attorneys obtained certain Monsanto emails showing outside scientists asking the company’s scientists to review their manuscript drafts, and Monsanto scientists suggesting edits.
Gary Kitahata, a member of a jury that ordered Bayer to pay $289.2 million to a former California groundskeeper with non-Hodgkin lymphoma last August, said Monsanto’s interaction with outside researchers played an important role in jurors’ deliberations. He recalled being struck by emails allegedly dealing with “things like ghostwriting, influencing scientific studies that were done.” A judge later reduced the award, which Bayer is appealing, to $78.5 million.
Last month, a federal jury in San Francisco awarded $80.3 million to another man with non-Hodgkin lymphoma who had used Roundup, a verdict Bayer also plans to challenge. Another trial is under way in Oakland, involving two more of the 11,200 U.S. farmers, landscapers and others who have filed suit, threatening product-liability costs at Bayer for years to come.
Bayer said hundreds of studies and regulatory decisions across the globe show the active ingredient in Roundup, called glyphosate, is safe and isn’t carcinogenic. Regulators in the U.S. and abroad have continued to approve its use, in some cases after having gone back and taken another look at research criticized by plaintiffs’ attorneys.
“Plaintiff lawyers have cherry-picked isolated emails out of more than 20 million pages of documents produced during discovery to attempt to distort the scientific record and Monsanto’s role,” Bayer said. A spokesman said the documents at issue relate only to secondary reviews of past research, not to the original science. He added that the outside scientists have stood by their conclusions.
In the U.S., Roundup has become almost as fundamental to farming as tractors. American farmers use it or other glyphosate-based herbicides on the vast majority of their corn, soybean and cotton acres, making it a factor in American agriculture’s steadily rising productivity.
Monsanto developed the chemical decades ago and later introduced crops genetically engineered to survive being sprayed with it, driving what is now a more than $9 billion seed business for Bayer. Annual sales of glyphosate herbicides, including by competitors, total around $5 billion, according to Sanford C. Bernstein.
Despite their regulatory acceptance, the herbicides have faced growing resistance, especially since a 2015 decision by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, a World Health Organization unit, classifying glyphosate as likely having the potential to cause cancer in humans. In January, a French court banned a Roundup product with the ingredient, even though it had a European Union seal of approval.
Costco Wholesale Corp. recently pulled Roundup herbicides from its stores, according to an executive of the retailer. Certain cities in California, Florida, Minnesota and elsewhere have forbidden glyphosate weedkillers on municipal property. Other farm-state lawmakers have defended the herbicides.
The attack on Monsanto’s role in research that deems Roundup safe is led by Baum Hedlund Aristei Goldman PC, a law firm representing more than 1,400 plaintiffs. It has selectively released hundreds of company emails obtained through legal discovery and put many of them on its website.
“These documents provide evidence that Monsanto’s been actively engaged in manipulating the science regarding glyphosate’s carcinogenicity,” said Michael Baum, the firm’s managing partner.
One document cited by plaintiffs’ attorneys is a 2000 email that Monsanto’s Hugh Grant, later the company’s chief executive, sent following the publication of a paper upholding Roundup’s safety. “This is very good work, well done to the team,” he wrote to Monsanto scientists.
They weren’t the paper’s authors. Outside scientists were. An acknowledgements section cited Monsanto researchers as having provided scientific support. They had reviewed the text and data, according to internal Monsanto communications.
Mr. Grant, who retired after Bayer acquired Monsanto for $63 billion, declined to comment, Bayer said.
Bayer said collaboration with outside scientists is important for purposes such as testing safety and efficacy, and it provides properly disclosed compensation for outside scientists’ work, adding that this pay isn’t given to influence their scientific opinions.
Helmut Greim, a retired toxicology professor at the Technical University of Munich who has worked with Monsanto, said, “There is this perception that industry is evil and that whoever is involved with them is at least equally evil.”
“If the industry asks a scientist to help,” he added, “I see it as my duty to do so. But one shouldn’t let oneself be influenced.”
Some regulators say when a research paper discloses industry funding, they take into account the possibility of corporate influence on the findings. “We generally are a bit more suspicious,” said Bjorn Hansen, executive director of the European Chemicals Agency.
The chemicals agency and the European Food Safety Authority both re-examined glyphosate studies questioned by plaintiffs’ attorneys and let stand their approvals. The agencies said they look at the raw data in research, so that the kind of study the attorneys question—a review of past research—generally doesn’t carry much weight.
Health Canada also recently took a second look at studies on which it had based its approval of glyphosate herbicides, after critics raised concerns about Monsanto’s role in research. The Canadian agency assigned a separate group of its scientists to go over the studies. Their review didn’t change its conclusion.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is currently doing a periodic review of the glyphosate science, ahead of a decision expected soon on extending glyphosate’s longstanding U.S. approval. The EPA’s most recent review of glyphosate’s potential human risk, in late 2017, continued to find the chemical unlikely to cause cancer in humans.
A spokesman for the EPA said it has practices in place to “ensure that [company]-developed data represent sound science.”
Scientific research in industry and academia has become more entwined over the years, scientists say, as corporations have become a more important funding source. Since 2007, U.S. federal government spending on basic scientific research has plateaued at around $38 billion annually, according to data from the National Science Foundation. Corporate funding has roughly doubled in that time, to about $27 billion.
Companies or industry groups that finance research often include in contracts a right to review early versions of studies, said academics, who added that government-funded entities may attach a similar requirement.
For researchers with fewer options allowing them to be fully independent, “to some extent, they have to play by the industry’s rules,” said Sharon Batt, an adjunct bioethics professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
A 1998 review of 70 articles on the safety of a hypertension medication found that authors who produced conclusions supporting its use were nearly twice as likely as neutral or critical authors to have financial relationships with manufacturers. The review, on drugs called calcium-channel antagonists, was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
A 2003 analysis of studies on industry-sponsored biomedical research found corporate-funded studies were more than 3½ times as likely to show results favorable to companies as were studies with no industry funding. The analysis appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
In 2002, researcher Susan Monheit was writing an article on glyphosate herbicides used against aquatic weeds and sent a draft to a Monsanto regulatory-affairs official for fact checking. The official forwarded it to Monsanto toxicologist Donna Farmer, according to emails that the Baum Hedlund law firm obtained in discovery and that The Wall Street Journal reviewed.
Ms. Farmer told the official the paper needed organizational work. “During one editing I had basically re-written the thing—then decided that was not a good thing to do so I tried to just correct the inaccuracies,” she wrote to the regulatory-affairs official, Martin Lemon.
In an interview, Ms. Monheit, who worked at the California Department of Food and Agriculture, said Mr. Lemon passed along Monsanto’s suggestions by telephone and she followed some of them, such as deleting references to old information. “I certainly didn’t want to use data that was out of date,” she said, but “I was wary of having Monsanto influence the article.”
When her article was published in a weed-control newsletter called Noxious Times, concluding the chemical posed minimal risk to wildlife, a note described it as the product of a review of previously published research and consultations with pesticide chemists and eco-toxicologists. The note didn’t name Monsanto.
Bayer didn’t make the employees available for interviews.
In the late 2000s, Monsanto financed a study done partly by Pamela Mink, then an assistant professor of epidemiology at Emory University, reviewing past research on glyphosate’s safety. Shown a draft, Monsanto’s Ms. Farmer suggested some edits, mostly to the introduction, and circulated the draft to fellow company scientists, according to documents produced in the litigation and reviewed by the Journal.
One of the Monsanto scientists, Daniel Goldstein, added his own suggestions. “There are a couple places where I read the sentences several times, and I just can’t gather what the underlying message is,” he emailed Ms. Farmer. The two suggested deleting redundant phrases, asked for math to be double-checked and corrected names.
When the paper was published in the journal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology in June 2012, some of the critiqued passages didn’t appear, while others were rephrased and expanded. Brian Stekloff, a lawyer representing Bayer, said in court last month that Ms. Farmer moved around words in the introduction and added context about Roundup products that outside scientists would not have had.
The final paper was significantly different from the draft but had the same conclusion, which was that the researchers had found no pattern showing glyphosate exposure caused cancer in humans.
Its authors were listed as Dr. Mink and three other researchers who, like her, were affiliated with science consultancy Exponent Inc. The paper said one of the authors had been a paid consultant to Monsanto. “Final decisions regarding the content of the manuscript were made solely by the four authors,” it said.
Dr. Mink didn’t respond to requests for comment.
Dr. Greim, the retired Munich toxicology professor, said Monsanto approached him in 2013 about helping it publish some unpublished internal research it earlier submitted to regulatory bodies.
He said Monsanto officials sent him a draft of a report. “I told them, ‘That’s not how it’s done, you need a lot more information’” to support the conclusions, Dr. Greim said. He said he went back and forth with company scientists for months, asking them to add details such as the number of animals and organs studied, and changing the presentation of the results, until he felt the paper was satisfactory.
Monsanto accepted all of his suggestions, Dr. Greim said, and “there were a lot of passages I ended up writing.” He said he was paid €3,000, or about $3,400, for his work.
When the paper was published in Critical Reviews in Toxicology in 2015—finding no link between the Roundup ingredient and cancer—Dr. Greim appeared as lead author. A “declaration of interest” section said that he had been paid by Monsanto and that his three co-authors had connections to the glyphosate business, including one who was employed by Monsanto.
In an internal Monsanto memo released by the Baum Hedlund law firm, a Monsanto scientist listed among his accomplishments “ghost wrote cancer review paper Greim et al. (2015).”
Dr. Greim, who has sat on various German and EU scientific advisory committees, said he didn’t care what was said internally because that wasn’t what happened.
Bayer attorney Mr. Stekloff, speaking generally, said in court last month that there were instances of “dumb emails” and “bad language” among the many company documents produced in the case, but “the overall record demonstrates that this was a company committed to testing and committed to science.”
Costco Pulls Roundup From Shelves
In a major victory against the world’s most evil corporation, warehouse giant Costco has decided to pull from its store shelves not just Roundup but all weedkiller and herbicide products that contain Monsanto’s deadly glyphosate chemical, which has been shown through independent scientific research to cause cancer.
Following a recent court ruling awarding 70-year-old California man, Edwin Hardeman, an $80 million judgment for a cancer he developed as a result of exposure to glyphosate – the second victory of its kind in recent months – Costco made the decision to pull all glyphosate-containing products from its stores.
Zen Honeycutt from Moms Across America had prior to this started a petition calling on Costco to stop selling Roundup, which garnered some 150,000 signatures on the Change.org website, which got the ball rolling.
“I called the headquarters, and after two days of messages and calls, I did finally confirm with three people that Costco was not ordering Roundup or any glyphosate-based herbicides for the incoming spring shipments,” Honeycutt wrote on her blog.
Natural News was also able to confirm this with Costco during a recent conversation with a representative from the company, who indeed stated that Costco will no longer be selling Roundup or any other product that contains glyphosate.
Bayer, Which Acquired Monsanto Last Year, Doubles Down On “Safety” Of Roundup And Glyphosate After Losing More Than 40 Percent Of Its Value
After it was announced that the Germany-based Bayer corporation, the new owner of Monsanto as of last June, had lost this second court ruling, the company’s stocks plummeted.
According to Bloomberg, Bayer has lost in excess of 40 percent of its value since the ruling was issued – with plenty more to come, it would appear, seeing as how there are thousands of additional lawsuits against the company waiting in the wings.
Hilariously, Bayer-Monsanto continues to double down on the alleged “safety” of both Roundup and glyphosate, which it claims are perfectly safe. Christian Hartel, a spokesman for the company, told Bloomberg during a recent phone call that his employer plans to not only “vigorously defend” the reputation of the herbicide, but also appeal the recent verdict.
But many suspect that Bayer’s efforts to fight back will ultimately be futile, and that the writing is already on the wall in terms of where the company is headed.
“You can’t keep trying case after case after case and keep losing and say, ‘We’re not going to settle,’” stated trial lawyer Thomas G. Rohback of the New York-based Axinn group about Bayer-Monsanto’s failing strategy.
The more cases that Bayer loses, Rohback contends, the more the company “has to put the possibility of a settlement of these cases into the mix.”
Third Lawsuit Pending Against Bayer Will Likely Lead To Yet Another Victory Against Chemical Giant
In addition to the thousands of other lawsuits currently being filed against Bayer, there’s a third specifically in California, which is where the two prior lawsuit victories were won, that appears to also be an eventual shoe-in for plaintiffs – and the potential death knell for Bayer, one can only hope.
Set to be heard in Oakland – the prior two were in nearby San Francisco – this third lawsuit reportedly puts Bayer at “a disadvantage” right out of the gate because, unlike the prior two, it won’t allow the company to set the narrative in its own favor by splitting the case into two parts.
“Instead, the Oakland trial will permit lawyers to present jurors at the outset with their narrative about Monsanto Co.’s secret campaign to manipulate public opinion and bury evidence of Roundup’s cancer risks,” Bloomberg explains.
“Jurors in Hardeman’s case first sat through weeks of scientific testimony to decide whether Roundup was a ‘substantial factor’ in causing his illness before they heard any evidence that Monsanto ghostwrote influential studies and improperly leaned on regulators. Bayer countered that scientific studies showed the herbicide is safe and argued to the jury that damning emails were taken out of context.”
Since Bayer will not be permitted to engage in this manipulative propaganda campaign at the outset of this third lawsuit’s hearings, in other words, chances are the jury will even more overwhelmingly side with the case’s plaintiffs, resulting in a third major victory for folks injured by glyphosate and Roundup.
It’s No Wonder Costco Dropped Glyphosate And Roundup Like A Hot Potato
With a strong reputation for carrying only the highest quality products, it only makes sense that Costco would side with science and reason on this important matter in axing both glyphosate and Roundup from its product lineup. It remains to be seen if other major retailers decide to follow its lead.
It’s important to remember that it’s not just glyphosate itself that’s dangerous, but also the many other so-called “inert” ingredients that, believe it or not, actually make up the bulk of the Roundup formula.
This is why Moms Across America is calling on other major retailers who still sell Roundup and other glyphosate-based products to follow Costco’s lead and immediately pull them all from store shelves.
“We call on Home Depot and Lowe’s today to step up as Costco has to protect us, your customers, and stop selling Roundup (and all glyphosate herbicides) now, due to its carcinogenic effects and lack of labeling,” Honeycutt’s petition has since been updated to state.
“Everyone deserves to know! These products should not be sold to the public!”
Trump Administration Backs Bayer in Weedkiller Court Fight
EPA, Justice Department file brief supporting company’s arguments that Roundup weedkiller didn’t require cancer warning.
The Trump administration is backing Bayer AG in the German chemical maker’s high-stakes court fight over the world’s most widely used weedkiller.
The Environmental Protection Agency, working with the Justice Department, filed court papers Friday supporting Bayer’s argument that glyphosate, the active ingredient in the company’s Roundup herbicide, poses no cancer risk. The filing backs Bayer’s appeal in federal court of a $25 million verdict in the case of a California man who blamed Roundup for causing his non-Hodgkin lymphoma, one of tens of thousands of similar cases.
Lawyers for both government agencies argued the verdict should be overturned because it would have been illegal for Bayer to print cancer-risk warnings on Roundup labels. They said Congress granted the EPA the sole authority over safety labels on chemical products, and the agency wouldn’t have approved a cancer warning for Roundup.
While it isn’t the first time a regulator has weighed in on such a case, legal scholars said the filing would likely catch the appeals court’s attention. The federal government will often weigh in on cases when the interpretation of a federal statute is involved, they said.
Several Roundup trials have been postponed in recent months as Bayer and plaintiffs’ attorneys try to negotiate a settlement as part of a court-ordered mediation overseen by Ken Feinberg, who helped divvy up compensation to victims of the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Bayer is under pressure to resolve the litigation after the company’s shares dropped 23% since the first verdict in August 2018, with the company since then divesting several businesses and laying off thousands of staff world-wide. In the spring, investors refused to back the actions of Bayer’s management in a vote at the company’s annual shareholder meeting. Bayer acquired Monsanto Co., Roundup’s maker, in June 2018 for $63 billion.
The government’s filing reiterates the agency’s long-held view that glyphosate doesn’t represent a cancer risk, most recently upheld in a December 2017 EPA review.
“EPA has a longstanding position—It’s not just this administration which determined that this pesticide does not cause cancer,” said Jeffrey Clark, the assistant attorney general of the Environment and Natural Resources Division at the Justice Department in an interview. “EPA should be in control. Congress set it up that way.”
That view is being challenged in U.S. courtrooms, where farmers and residential gardeners have pointed to the International Agency for Research on Cancer’s 2015 classification of glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic to humans,” while criticizing company-funded studies that the EPA and other regulators have included in their glyphosate assessments.
Bayer rejected IARC’s link between glyphosate and cancer, saying the agency cherry-picked some studies and ignored others that regulators have used to establish the chemical’s safety.
Three consecutive juries ruled in favor of plaintiffs over the past year and a half, awarding hundreds of millions of dollars in damages. The EPA’s brief comes in the case of Edwin Hardeman in the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, the only one of the three trials so far to take place in federal court.
Aimee Wagstaff, Mr. Hardeman’s attorney, called the appeal a “Hail Mary” and said courts have previously rejected the argument made by the company and the government that federal regulations should negate the civil suits. “We are confident the Ninth Circuit will also reject Monsanto’s argument and rule in favor of Mr. Hardeman,” she said.
U.S. regulators and administration officials have stepped up their defense of glyphosate, the most widely used weedkiller among U.S. corn and soybean farmers, as the number of lawsuits balloons and some towns and countries have moved to ban the spray.
In August, EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler said the agency wouldn’t permit cancer warnings to be included on jugs of Roundup and other glyphosate-based herbicides, calling it a potentially false claim as the EPA has determined the chemical to be safe. That directive came after California unsuccessfully tried to require cancer warning labels for glyphosate, citing IARC’s classification of glyphosate as a probable carcinogen.
Bayer argued in its own recent Hardeman case filing that the EPA’s refusal to allow warnings should override the jury’s decision. The company argued it cannot be held liable by the jury for marketing a legal product with an EPA-approved label, which many scientists and regulators say isn’t carcinogenic.
The EPA’s brief mirrors those arguments. It says that while states can restrict the sale or use of pesticides, they cannot set any requirements for what can go on the label, adding only the EPA can.
The EPA’s filing could give Bayer additional ammunition as the company faces more scheduled trials in 2020. Plaintiffs’ central argument—that Bayer knew its herbicide posed a cancer risk, and failed to warn users—could be challenged because the product’s chief regulator barred manufacturers from including such a warning, lawyers said.
Syngenta, Chevron Could Face Billions in Claims Over Weed Killer
Yet another popular weed killer used by American farmers for decades is becoming a costly liability for the companies behind the chemical.
Over the past seven months, new lawsuits have been filed almost every day claiming farmers or field workers contracted Parkinson’s disease from their exposure to Paraquat, a highly toxic herbicide developed by Syngenta AG and sold in the U.S. by Chevron Corp.
The surge in complaints comes as another company, Bayer AG, has set aside as much as $16 billion to resolve thousands of current cases and prepare for future suits tied to Roundup, the best-selling U.S. weed killer. While it’s still early days in the Paraquat litigation, personal-injury lawyers are blanketing radio, television and social media with ads seeking new clients who could demand billions of dollars in compensation.
“Even if there aren’t the kind of Roundup-level number of cases, I can see these companies offering several billion dollars just to make it go away,” Richard Ausness, a University of Kentucky law professor who specializes in product-liability cases, said of the Paraquat lawsuits. “Parkinson’s disease has a long, expensive tail that will drive up the cost of settling these cases.”
Syngenta has already started settling. The company disclosed in August that it agreed on June 1 to pay $187.5 million to resolve an undisclosed number of cases “solely for the purpose of bringing to an end these claims.”
What Bloomberg Intelligence Says
“Syngenta’s statement that it settled certain cases for $187 million in June could mean top-end exposure totals billions of dollars.”
— Holly Froum, Litigation Analyst.
Paraquat has been used on many U.S. crops since the 1960s, but it’s banned in more than 30 other countries over alleged ties to Parkinson’s, a brain disorder that leads to shaking, stiffness and balance problems. In the U.S., the chemical must be sprayed by a licensed applicator.
At the start of 2021, only a handful of lawsuits over Paraquat were making their way through state and federal courts in the U.S. Since February, there have been more than 400 new complaints filed in federal courts alone.
Thousands more are possible after a court panel in June consolidated all federal cases under a judge in Illinois, and the success of the Roundup litigation created an incentive for plaintiffs’ lawyers to find more Paraquat clients. Attorney Michael Miller, who sued Chevron and Syngenta, said there may eventually be as many as 35,000 cases.
The companies have steadfastly disputed the claims Paraquat causes the nervous-system disorder.
“There is no credible evidence Paraquat, which has been widely used for more than 55 years, causes Parkinson’s disease,” said Saswato Das, a spokesman for Switzerland-based Syngenta. “No peer-reviewed study, including the largest study which involved 38,000 farmers, has ever concluded Paraquat causes Parkinson’s disease.”
Syngenta was acquired in 2017 for $43 billion by China National Chemical Corp., which combined it with other seed and fertilizer businesses. ChemChina disclosed in July it was seeking to raise $10 billion (65 billion yuan) in a Shanghai listing of shares that represent a 20% stake in Syngenta.
Chevron spokesman Tyler Kruzich said in an email the company didn’t believe it caused the plaintiffs’ injuries and “will vigorously defend against the allegations.”
The number of Paraquat lawsuits isn’t likely to be anywhere near as many as the claims against Bayer and Roundup, which is widely used by American farmers, landscapers and home gardeners. The global market for glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup, may reach $13.3 billion in 2027, according to estimates from researcher Reports and Data.
Paraquat’s market share is much smaller — estimated by 360 Research Reports at about $100 million last year — because it can only be used under a license. It’s mostly sprayed on corn, soybean and cotton fields, Syngenta says on its website.
Paraquat also has been used in the long war on drugs. From about 1975 to 1978, the U.S. sought to reduce the flow of marijuana from Mexico, the biggest supplier at the time, by encouraging defoliation techniques the American military used during the Vietnam War.
The U.S. spent about $30 million a year to aid Mexico’s spraying of Paraquat on the illegal crops, according to the American Journal of Public Health. A few years later, government agencies proposed spraying Paraquat on pot farms in California and Florida.
The litigation against Roundup “has set a massive precedent,” Garry Mabon, an analyst and founding partner at Scotland-based researcher AgbioInvestor, said in an email. But a key difference between the chemicals is that Paraquat is well understood as being a possible carcinogen, while the key ingredient in Roundup isn’t, he said. “As such, the weight of evidence would seem to be against Paraquat in any litigation.”
The lawsuits were assigned to U.S. District Judge Nancy Rosenstengel in East St. Louis, Illinois, because the state’s farmers are among the biggest Paraquat users and Rosenstengel already had 20 cases before her. The first trial of those cases is set for late next year. Suits also are being filed in state courts, including California and Illinois, according to Miller, the plaintiffs’ attorney.
Rosenstengel, appointed by President Barak Obama in 2014, will manage pre-trial information exchanges and test trials. It’s her first time overseeing a so-called multi-district litigation. “Its my job to bring this case in for a landing, whether that be trials or settlement,” Rosenstengel said at the initial status hearing in June. She didn’t respond to requests for additional comment.
The case is In Re: Paraquat Products Liability Litigation v. Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC, 21-md-3004, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Illinois (East St. Louis)
The appeals court judges “may not ultimately agree with the side the government is supporting for other reasons,” said Ben Feuer, an appellate lawyer in San Francisco, but the agency’s brief “is going to be closely parsed and they will engage with it.” Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,Costco Drops Roundup, Could,