World Travelers Explore Frontier Tourism And Newly-Discovered Places (#GotBitcoin?)
These places have all the visual splendor and historic appeal of the world’s most famous monuments. World Travelers Explore Frontier Tourism And Newly-Discovered Places. World Travelers Explore Frontier Tourism And Newly-Discovered Places (#GotBitcoin?)
Forget Machu Picchu: Eight Newly Accessible Wonders of the World:
1. The African Country of Gabon
2. The Remains of a Royal Empire in India
3. The Onetime Mayan Capital in Guatemala
4. Sprawling Roman Mansions in Portugal
5. Pyramids on Steroids in Sudan
6. An Ancient Capital in Morocco
7. The Lost City of Colombia
8. A Lion-Shaped Fortress in Sri Lanka
But few tourists have been able to see them—until now.
If visiting the world’s most ancient temples and monuments—Angkor Wat, Machu Picchu, Chichen Itza, Petra—inspires your inner Indiana Jones, just imagine what it would be like to explore world wonders few people have ever even heard of yet.
Some of the world’s most staggering historical sites—places that have long existed as local secrets—have recently been made accessible thanks to a slew of intrepid tour operators, hoteliers, or infrastructure developments. In the coming years, these places will find their way onto hordes of global travelers’ bucket lists, but for now they are still relatively under the radar.
There are the dramatic, thousand-year-old temple complexes in India that are immaculately preserved but were hard to visit in style—until the area’s first luxury hotel opened.
There is a jungle-shrouded archaeological site in Colombia that predates Machu Picchu by 650 years, and a spectacular sacred city in Sri Lanka that’s until now been off limits because of underdeveloped infrastructure and political turmoil. And that’s only a drop in the bucket.
“A willingness to move a little off the beaten path often provides great rewards,” said Lisa Ackerman, executive vice president of World Monuments Fund, who says that the joy of discovery and lack of crowds makes these under-explored sites especially exciting for visitors.
But the benefits of visiting these places go far beyond that.
Spreading visitation among more sites, she says, is an important key to tourism management everywhere—as proven by the fact that over-visitation to Machu Picchu continually threatens to shut the site down for tourists for good. (It’s not just Peru, either; the overtourism phenomenon is playing out across the globe.) And by creating a viable tourism economy around newly discovered sites, travelers motivate locals to take pride in their heritage and invest in its preservation.
With that in mind, we’ve assembled a list of the newly accessible wonders of the world, along with the practical information you need to get there first.
A Gabonese gambit is at the leading edge of a trend attracting a growing list of African economies: frontier-tourism products in places that visitors often more-closely associate with conflict or instability.
Gabon—For the past decade, an energetic conservationist has been building the foundations for a tourism industry in Gabon, where rare forest elephants stroll down the beach, hippopotamuses surf in the ocean waves and blue-faced mandrills march by the thousands through the jungle.
The challenges for Gabon’s national parks authority and its head, Lee White, include transporting clients to remote camps in a country with little infrastructure, recruiting pygmy trackers from deep within the jungle and training anti-poaching units who have to battle armed hunters and illegal gold miners in one of the world’s most pristine stretches of wilderness.
Over the past decade, with the support of government and overseas philanthropists, Mr. White has transformed Gabon’s parks authority from a group with just 100 staff with a budget of $500,000 to a $30 million operation with 800 employees, 175 cars, 35 boats and a number of aircraft, including a helicopter. Tourists have begun to arrive, with visitors up by a third this year through July compared with the average over the same period in 2017 at the country’s most-popular national park for international tourists.
Mr. White’s Gabonese gambit is at the leading edge of a trend attracting a growing list of African economies: frontier-tourism products in places that visitors often more-closely associate with conflict or instability.
In recent years, a small but swelling segment of the tourism market has been drawn to places like Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Virunga National Park, which was recently closed after two British tourists were kidnapped and their ranger killed, and war-torn Central African Republic. Tour operator Thomas Cook Group PLC recently sent a delegation to Sierra Leone, which has struggled with civil war and more recently an Ebola epidemic, to discuss offering package tours.
“There is a trend recently of interest in ‘unexplored’ places,” said André Rodrigues Aquino, a senior natural-resources management specialist at the World Bank, who advises African governments on their tourism sector. “It’s very linked to nature, places that have pristine unspoiled nature.”
The numbers are small compared with sub-Saharan Africa’s broader tourism market of $43.7 billion in 2017, according to the World Travel & Tourism Council. But countries with the strongest growth in international arrivals in 2016 compared with a year earlier were Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Eritrea and Togo, according to the African Development Bank.
“A lot of people who have traveled previously, particularly in Africa, are looking for different experiences in different places,” said Peter Fearnhead, chief executive of African Parks, a nongovernmental organization that manages 15 national parks in partnership with governments across Africa. “The fact that [these places are] so edgy, we’re finding that there’s an increasing interest.”
The niche but expanding market for frontier tourism in fractious security environments has governments and companies seeking to balance revenue potential against the investments and know-how needed to ensure safety.
Oil-rich Gabon, a sparsely-populated country the size of Colorado on Africa’s Atlantic seaboard, has one of the highest per-capita incomes in sub-Saharan Africa and is one of the more stable countries in the continent’s central region. But when Mr. White took the reins of the country’s newly created national-parks agency in 2009, the vast nature reserves that cover about 20% of the country existed essentially only on paper.
“The first priority when I was appointed was to manage the parks and when necessary, defend them,” Mr. White said. He created anti-poaching units and armed rapid-response teams to push, with much success, ivory poachers out of the parks.
There are exceptions. Parks officers have had two gun battles with illegal gold miners in a park called Birougou in the past six months, Mr. White said.
At Zakouma, a national park in the desert nation of Chad, poachers had massacred about 90% of the park’s elephants by the time African Parks took over its management in 2010. Since then, the group has transformed the region into a haven for one of Africa’s largest single herds, now about 560 elephants strong. By establishing flights to link the park with Chad’s capital city—and joining with a group of private guides as part of the marketing strategy—the park’s revenue is expected to be just under a $1 million this year, up from about $50,000 in 2015.
The mobile-tented safari experience that African Parks offers is booked about 18 months in advance, but it takes a maximum of just eight guests at a time and is limited to the dry season.
“It’s not a sustainable solution for the park,” said Stuart Slabbert, head of conservation-led economic development for African Parks.
Experts say national parks across the continent will struggle to expand their tourism revenue without a cooperative and supportive government.
In Gabon, Mr. White’s plans have been aided by his close relationship with current President Ali Bongo Ondimba, established while his father, Omar Bongo Ondimba, was still in power. Though Gabon is theoretically a democracy, the elder Mr. Bongo ruled for 42 years and the current president, who took over when he died in 2009, won close, tense elections in 2016 marred by accusations of fraud that ignited countrywide rioting.
This year, Mr. White began actively marketing safari-type trips to the parks for the first time. Possible sightings include sea turtles hatching on the country’s beaches, humpback whales breaching in the surf and Western lowland gorillas lazing while their babies climb and swing around trees: a literal jungle gym.
“It’s not savanna tourism. You have to work to see this stuff,“ said Michael Nichols, a photographer who took a picture of Gabon’s surfing hippos that Time magazine calls one of the 100 most influential images of all time. “That doesn’t preclude that it’s frigging unbelievable. It could be like the Amazon.”
The Remains of a Royal Empire in India
It wasn’t long ago that visiting the 14th-century ruins of the Vijayanagar Empire in Hampi, India, meant taking an overnight train from Bangalore and sleeping in a three-star inn. (The lost city is situated in central Karnataka, placing it almost midway between that southern Indian tech hub and the beach town of Goa.) But in the past two years, a handful of independently owned, small-scale resorts have opened, crowned by the recent arrival of Kamlapura Palace.
The five-star hotel is the area’s first, with 46 rooms that offer a modern-day reimagining of the area’s historic remains; local expert Victoria Dyer, of India Beat, calls it a game-changer for her high-end travelers. Getting there is easier, too, with plenty of infrastructure investment going for road improvements throughout the state.
As for the monuments themselves, expect 265 square kilometers of terrain to explore, speckled with mysterious-looking boulders. The Hindu temple of Virupaksha, dedicated to Shiva, is said to be one of the oldest structures in the empire (and possible in the country), dating to the 7th century, while exquisitely preserved sites such as the Sule Bazaar, the Queen’s Bath, and the elephant stables offer a remarkable glimpse into old Indian life.
The Onetime Mayan Capital in Guatemala
Ashish Sanghrajka, president of Big Five Tours & Expeditions, says that El Mirador is five times the size of Tikal, the ruins that bring hundreds of thousands of visitors to Guatemala each year. But given that they’re still being unearthed by a team of archaeologists, it’s hard to know exactly how large and how important they really are.
For now, the answer to both is “very”—the head scientist on site has said that unearthing it has been like “finding Pompeii.” After all, this is believed to be a onetime capital of the Mayas, and it is one of the backdrops for Morgan Freeman’s TV series, The Story of God.
So why has nobody else caught on? For one thing, getting there has typically required a dangerous, five-day trek—but Sanghrajka is sidestepping that by taking his first travelers to the region by helicopter.
The chopper lands in a tiny village nearby, where guests can engage with locals who have rarely encountered foreigners; then they saddle up atop donkeys for a three-hour trip through a still-active dig site. (Sanghrajka says the archaeologists are even open to some hands-on help, since visitation is so rare.) “It’ll probably be another 10 years before they have the place fully cleaned up,” he said. “But seeing a place like this totally untouched is something incredible.”
Sprawling Roman Mansions In Portugal
They were created in the 2nd century BCE, renovated under the reign of Emperor Augustus, and then buried under hundreds of years of debris—but now, 100 years after their rediscovery, the Roman ruins of Conímbriga are ready for the 21st century spotlight. With tourism to Portugal hitting an all-time high, overlooked sites such as Conímbriga are gaining awareness—along with nicer places to stay nearby. Virginia Irurita, founder and co-owner of Made for Spain & Portugal, books her guests into Hotel Quinta das Lágrimas, a recently renovated member of Small Luxury Hotels of the World in the neighboring town of Coimbra. “Not only is it a beautiful city,” she said, “it’s also the homeland of fado singing [a melancholic, local style of music], which is a must-see in Portugal.” She’ll also arrange personal guides to bring the lavish Roman mansions back to life again—showing off everything from thermal baths to colorful mosaic décor and gardens with hundreds of historic, hydraulic-powered water jets. (Yes, really.)
Pyramids On Steroids In Sudan
Sudan has twice as many pyramids as Egypt—and yet many people couldn’t point to the vast nation on a world map. (It’s just a short ride down the Nile from Luxor and Aswan.) Tourism infrastructure here is still in its infancy because of a prolonged civil conflict that led South Sudan to split off in 2011, but it’s become an object of fascination practically overnight for luxury outfits such as the Explorations Company. Owner and director Nicola Shepherd is now coordinating privately guided, six-day trips that include visits to the pyramids of Meroe along with the temple ruins at Soleb, an Egyptian monument to the god Amon that’s decked out in hieroglyphics.
Overnights are at high-end tented camps and polished local guesthouses. A bonus, Shepherd says, is an easy airlift to Nairobi for combo trips that tack on a beautiful Kenyan safari. But the real draw is having world-class desert ruins all to yourself, with barely even a security guard in sight.
An Ancient Capital In Morocco
Volubilis, the capital of the Mauritanian empire, couldn’t have been built in a prettier place—in the Moroccan mountains near Meknes. Yet it’s on hardly any itineraries. Now that’s starting to change, as such operators as Intrepid Travel are adding it to more tried-and-true stops such as Marrakesh and Chefchaouen. Even in a country that’s steadfastly held onto tradition, Volubilis feels like a true time machine. Its impressively ornamented ruins, which date to the 3rd century BCE, bore 10 centuries of occupation, with Romans, Christians, Muslims, and Berbers all leaving their mark.
This 1,000-year-old ruin in the Colombian Sierra Nevada is 650 years older than Machu Picchu and has perhaps even more mysterious appeal. Built by the Tayrona people atop a mountain pass that’s dotted with palm trees, it was believed to have claimed as many as 10,000 residents in its heyday—but the surrounding jungle swallowed it up until the early 1970s, after a group of bird hunters turned tomb-raiders dug into the earth and found heaps of golden artifacts. At least that’s how the locals tell the story. Adventurous hikers can traverse a five-day equivalent to the Inca Trail to arrive as the dramatic terraces of La Ciudad Perdida (literally, the Lost City). But now, luxury Colombia tour outfit Galavanta choppers guests in and out from their namesake lodge in the nearby mountains. They’ll also arrange cultural exchange experiences with the indigenous Kogui communities, which are said to have descended from the monuments’ creators.
A Lion-Shaped Fortress In Sri Lanka
When King Kassapa ruled over Ceylon in the late 400s, he decided to place his capital atop a 600-foot-high granite boulder smack in the center of modern-day Sri Lanka—a country that’s slowly been reborn to tourists after a prolonged civil war ended in 2009. The whole thing doubled as a massive piece of sculpture: Not only did workers carve stone staircases leading all the way to the top; they also added brick and plaster work to create the illusion of a gigantic lion emerging from the forest. The first two flights of stairs are straddled by enormous, clawed paws; another flight emerges from the lion’s mouth. At the summit, visitors can explore what’s left of Kassapa’s palace, gardens, fountains, and ponds—but the climb is half the fun. Then you can retreat to your own sumptuous digs, at the soon-to-open Pekoe House, in nearby Kandy.
Interesting Books To Read:
David Childress: Author “Technology of the Gods“
Graham Hancock: Author: Fingerprints of the Gods
Jorge Luis Delgado, Author
Jason Martell: Author “Knowledge Apocalypse“
David Wilcox: Film Maker
Giorgio A. Tsoukalos: Publisher: Legendary Times Magazine
Philip Coppens: Author Investigative Journalist
Robert Bauval: The Egypt Code
Dr. Uwe Apel: Aerospace Engineer
Bill Burns, PHD. Author/UFO Investigator
Robert H. Frisbee PH.D (Propulsion Systems Engineer) Nasa-JPL, Ret.
Dr. Algund Eenboom, C0-Author “Aircraft of the Pharoahs“
Local Architectural Phenomenon
Coral Castle is a stone structure created by the Latvian American eccentric Edward Leedskalnin north of the city of Homestead, Florida in Miami-Dade County at the intersection of South Dixie Highway and SW 157th Avenue.
Address: 28655 S Dixie Hwy, Miami, FL 33033
Hours: Sunday 8:00 am – 6:00 pm
Phone: (305) 248-6345
Urban Safaris: An Online Guide to Africa’s Coolest City Attractions
Vacationers to Africa usually skip the cities. This new website proposes reasons to stick around Casablanca, Nairobi and 24 other places tourists miss out on.
A SIMPLE Google search turns up a plethora of online resources for travelers seeking African safari camps. But you usually had to rely on word-of-mouth recommendations when heading, pre- or post-safari, to the continent’s larger cities—from the Namibian capital of Windhoek to Tanzania’s Dar es Salaam. Until now, that is: On African City Guide, a new online platform, you can find a range of curated options for chic hotels, standout restaurants and unique boutiques.
How Sly Travelers Cut Their Airfares In Half
Tracking new routes and flights is one of the last old-school tricks to lower ticket prices that still works; plenty of deals to Hawaii in 2020.
Want to save some money on airfares? Find an airline looking to elbow in on a rival’s turf.
And watch for an unprecedented bonanza of new, cheaper options in 2020.
Airlines announce new service six to nine months before actually starting flights. As with any business, it can take time to build customer traffic. When a new flight comes online, carriers must fill thousands of empty seats. Competitors often already have direct flights on that route.
Southwest Airlines announced nonstop flights between San Diego and Maui starting April 14. Hawaiian and Alaska airlines already fly that route nonstop. But two weeks before Southwest’s flight launches, the lowest round-trip fare available for a four-day trip was $818 in a recent spot-check. Two weeks after the new flights start, the lowest round-trip fare for a four-day trip was only $303, a 63% decline.
“The easiest way to stimulate demand is with price,” says Rick Seaney, chief executive of travel-data firm 3Victors.
Airlines have gotten so good at forecasting demand that carriers often avoid the flashy sales of the past to stimulate bookings. But new routes are an area that can still see major, unexpected price changes.
Booking app Hopper scoured its database of 50 trillion itineraries. It found that the average price reduction after a low-fare carrier came into a market was 17% between late 2017 and early 2019. On average, year-over-year demand increased by 30%—low fares get people flying.
Savvy travelers have long known to look for announcements of new service to find cheap places to go, and to pounce on cheaper tickets if they know they’ll fly a certain route and hear of new service. It typically requires a lot of planning—you may be booking six months before departure.
A check of airline schedules by 3Victors found that American, Alaska, Delta, Frontier, United and Southwest combined had more than 60 routes they flew regularly in the first half of this year that they didn’t fly in the first half of 2018.
But the strategy is likely to pay extra dividends next year, when the Boeing 737 MAX gets cleared to fly again, and the new flights won’t be a six- or nine-month wait. Boeing has built and parked hundreds of jets that will get delivered to airlines once the grounding is lifted. New service announcements will drop rapid-fire once the MAX is cleared.
That likely won’t come before March, as regulators work to certify the plane is safe with Boeing’s proposed fixes. And it will take months to get the hundreds of mothballed planes airworthy and worked into airline schedules.
But it will be a new-route jackpot that travelers have never really seen before. Southwest, for example, will be adding more than 75 airplanes to its schedule. That’s like adding another small airline to U.S. competition. And you won’t have to fly a MAX to get cheap tickets, in case you’re apprehensive about trusting a plane that has had two fatal crashes and been grounded for nearly nine months. As those planes come into service, tickets on existing flights on those routes likely will drop.
“It’s going to be really concentrated in certain airlines and certain markets, and that’s where you’ll end with the biggest impact,” says Patrick Surry, chief data scientist at Hopper.
How to find all those bargains? Check the news section of airline websites for announcements, or set up price alerts for particular markets that you are interested in through booking sites like Hopper or Kayak.
I looked at 20 different routes where airlines have recently announced service changes—two where flights were being discontinued and 18 where new service was announced. Once new flights are announced, airlines being selling tickets for them.
Discounter Norwegian announced nonstop service three days a week beginning May 6 between Paris and Austin, Texas. Two weeks before those flights begin, American’s cheapest price for a round trip from Austin to Paris with a connection was $831 when I did the price-checking Nov. 9. For a trip starting two weeks after the new flights begin, you could buy the Norwegian nonstop for $569 round trip.
Spirit announced daily service from Philadelphia to Cancún beginning March 1. The fare two weeks before: $542. And two weeks after: $442.
It doesn’t always work. Of those 20 routes, 15 saw lower fares with more flights and higher fares when flights were pulled. In some markets, incumbents seem to ignore entrants like lesser-known carrier Sun Country and stick with similar pricing.
Sun Country announced flights on Mondays and Fridays between Dallas-Fort Worth and Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, starting June 5. Two weeks before, American’s flight for a four-day round trip was $785. Two weeks after, departing June 19 for that four-day trip, Sun Country’s price was $511 round trip, and American’s was $785.
Hopper’s Mr. Surry says prices typically do come down, but big airlines won’t match the price dollar-for-dollar. “Prices might drop 40% to 50%, but the major airlines only drop 15%,” he says.
My small survey found additional flights made only a small change if a discounter wasn’t involved. American Airlines is adding a second daily flight between Dallas-Fort Worth and Rome beginning July 2, for example. The two-week before-and-after test found fares only 9% lower after the second flight starts.
Mr. Surry says the deals depend not so much on the new entrant as on the incumbents. If there’s already heavy competition on a route, the price impact is smaller. One example: Spirit started flying between Nashville and Fort Lauderdale, but Southwest and JetBlue already fly that route. Prices didn’t change.
But when Spirit began flying between Austin, Texas, and Detroit, a route where Delta has a monopoly, fares dropped 30% with new competition.
Southwest’s push into Hawaii is affecting prices on many routes. Southwest flights between San Diego and Honolulu start April 20. Two weeks before, a round-trip ticket on Hawaiian Airlines was priced recently at $733. Take that same trip two weeks after Southwest starts flying that route nonstop and the fare was $307, a 58% decline.
On the downside for travelers, after Alaska announced it would end nonstop flights In March between San Francisco and Kona, Hawaii, fares on United more than doubled. They jumped from $328 round trip to $748.
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