Open 24/7/365

We Have A Life-Time Warranty /
Guarantee On All Products. (Includes Parts And Labor)

Ultimate Resource On Haiti And Bitcoin’s Impact On It’s Economy And Citizens

France Punishes Haiti’s Citizens For Freeing Themselves From Their Slave Masters In 1804 Rebellion That Won Their Independence. Ultimate Resource On Haiti And Bitcoin’s Impact On It’s Economy And Citizens


Bitcoin Propels Haiti’s Transition Into Modern Finance (Podcast)

Sheila Warren and co-host Michael Casey of Coindesk’s Money Reimagined are joined by Jerry Tardieu, a Haitian author, entrepreneur and politician who represents Petion-ville in the Chamber of Deputies, and by Daniele Jean-Pierre, the co-founder and chief operating officer of Zimbali Networks, which delivers smart-ledger solutions for the decentralized economy.



The pair walked us through Haiti’s history to show how a shameful, century-long legacy of a slavery-era debt continues to be a burden for the country.

The debt, imposed by France to punish Haiti’s citizens for freeing themselves from their slave masters in a rebellion that won their independence in 1804, later became a U.S.-owned asset serviced by a bank that would become Citibank.

In that sense, this long-standing problem is directly related to the issue of Wall Street’s power and dominance in the age of dollar hegemony, a power that is challenged, in theory, by cryptocurrency and blockchain technology.

The discussion then turns to what solutions, technological or otherwise, might exist to create a system that empowers people rather than leaves them dependent on charity and foreign aid, with all the strings that come attached to that.

It’s the kind of episode that reminds us why the ideas behind crypto and blockchain matter.

Haiti’s Central Bank Digital Currency

Project Name – Digital Gourde

The Bank of the Republic of Haiti is planning to start testing a digital version of the Haitian gourde by the end of the year and continue through 2022. Development of the currency in early to mid-2020.

Key Developments

Speaking at a presentation for the Official Monetary and Finacial Institutions Forum (OMFIF), central bank governor Jean Báden Dubois hailed the “revolutionary” potential of a CBDC for Haiti’s economy.

He emphasized that implementation of the digital gourde would both boost financial inclusion (in a country where only 46% of the population is banked) and improve the interoperability of the country’s payments systems.


Bank of the Republic of Haiti

Atlantic Council Research


Updated: 7-7-2021

Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated In Night Attack On His Home

Haitian President Jovenel Moise was assassinated in a raid on his home by a group of unidentified people in the capital Port-Au-Prince, according to the nation’s interim prime minister Claude Joseph.

First Lady Martine Moise was injured in the “barbaric” attack and is hospitalized, Joseph said in a statement, published by the nation’s embassy in Canada on Wednesday morning.

Some of the assailants spoke Spanish, Joseph said, implying that they were foreigners. Haiti’s National Police and other authorities are working to keep order, he said. Some businesses were ransacked in one area, the Associated Press reported.

On top of the pandemic and a faltering economy, Haiti was undergoing a constitutional power struggle stemming from a chaotic election which saw Moise only sworn in 15 months after a first-round vote. As a result, he had said his five-year term would run until February 2022, while the opposition said his term ended last February.

Moise, 53, had governed by decree since January 2020, when parliamentary terms expired without elections being held. The opposition had said he was illegally amassing power and enacting laws in violation of the constitution. Moise responded to the claims by saying he was “not a dictator.”

This week, Moises appointed Henry Ariel as Prime Minister, though he hasn’t formally taken the role yet, and Claude Joseph is still acting on an interim basis.

“Heinous Act”

Jamaican Prime Minister Andrew Holness was among the first to condemn the attack. “This heinous act is a stain on Haiti and a sorrowful time for the region,” he said in a post on Twitter.

Haiti, the poorest nation in the Americas, has struggled for political stability for decades. Its proximity to the U.S. makes its protracted chaos a test for President Joe Biden in the region. Moise’s assassination also opens the possibility of an another escalation of violence in the Caribbean island.

Biden will be briefed this morning by his national security team on the “horrific” attack, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki told MSNBC.

“We stand ready and we stand by them to provide any assistance that is needed,” she said separately to CNN.

Haiti President Jovenel Moïse Assassinated At Home, Official Says

Assailants shot the leader and wounded the first lady, the interim prime minister said, sparking fresh political turmoil.

Haitian President Jovenel Moïse was assassinated in an attack at his residence, the country’s interim prime minister said, plunging the unstable Caribbean nation into fresh political turmoil and posing a challenge to U.S. policy makers.

A group of assailants carrying high-caliber weapons stormed the house in an upscale residential neighborhood about 1 a.m. local time on Wednesday, fatally shooting the president and wounding the first lady, Martine Moïse, said interim Prime Minister Claude Joseph. She was in a critical condition and taken to Miami for medical treatment, the Haitian government said.

“This was a highly coordinated attack by a highly trained and heavily armed group,” Mr. Joseph said, adding that the attackers spoke Spanish and English. Haiti is a French- and Creole-speaking country.

Four suspected killers of the president were fatally shot by National Police in a gun-battle in the affluent district where Mr. Moïse resided, Haiti police chief Leon Charles said Wednesday evening. Two others were captured.

Security forces also freed three police officers who had been held hostage by the alleged killers of the president, Mr. Charles said in a televised address.

Bocchit Edmond, Haiti’s ambassador to the U.S., said that the suspects who were killed and captured were foreigners, and that they had been assisted by Haitian nationals in carrying out the assassination plot.

“They needed Haitian automobiles to get to the president’s house,” the envoy said, adding that the situation was “under control.”

Jean Mary Exil, Haiti’s ambassador to Colombia, said he was awakened by frantic messages from relatives who live in the vicinity of Mr. Moïse’s residence. They heard volleys of heavy gunfire that lasted more than 15 minutes, he said.

Following a cabinet meeting, Mr. Joseph assumed control of the government and declared a state of siege, which restricts freedom of movement, puts the military in charge of security, replaces civilian courts with military tribunals, and restricts media information, Mr. Joseph said in a televised address to the nation.

“I call on the public to remain calm,” Mr. Joseph told Radio Television Caraibes.

Just two months ago, authorities foiled an assassination plot against the president involving dissident police officers, Mr. Exil said. “There are dark forces behind this that don’t want any kind of democratic process,” he said.

Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, has been roiled by lawlessness, political turmoil, gang violence and a contracting economy under Mr. Moïse. The unrest deepened in recent months when the president, who was narrowly elected in 2016 but couldn’t take office for another year because of unrest, refused to leave office in February when opponents argued that his term had ended. He argued that because his term started late, it should also end later. Political foes accused Mr. Moïse of turning into an autocrat.

The 53-year-old president, a former banana plantation manager who called himself “Banana Man,” had ruled by decree for the past two years after his government postponed legislative elections in 2018. He also launched an effort to rewrite the constitution to gain more power. Among other things, the proposed changes would allow him to run for reelection, provide greater control over the military and immunity from prosecution while in office.

“Every sector of society for the past three years including the Catholic church, Protestant ministers, and voodoo priests have tried to talk him out of his autocratic path, but instead he doubled down on it,” said Alice Blanchet, a consultant who has advised five Haitian prime ministers.

Mr. Moïse, who hailed from the countryside and was seen as an outsider, postponed a June referendum on a new constitution amid rising criticism, particularly from the U.S. The referendum was rescheduled for September, when new presidential elections are due to be held.

Mr. Moïse had taken a heavy-handed response to rising protests over a stagnant economy and corruption, using gangs close to him to repress political opponents, according to the U.S. government.

The attack on Wednesday took place at Mr. Moïse’s house in the hills of Port-au-Prince, the capital, which is dotted with slums.

A leading Haitian businessman said that there were a host of possible suspects.

“This is like an Agatha Christie novel,” said the businessman.

President Biden said that he was “shocked and saddened” by the “horrific assassination” of Mr. Moïse. “We stand ready to assist as we continue to work for a safe and secure Haiti,” Mr. Biden said in a statement.

Colombian President Iván Duque called on the Organization of American States, which scheduled an emergency meeting for Wednesday afternoon, to send an urgent mission “to protect the democratic order.” French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that “all light must be shed on this crime, which has occurred in a political and security climate that is very degraded.”

Mr. Moïse’s assassination means greater instability that will be difficult for the U.S., an hour flight from Port au Prince, to bring under control, said Luis Moreno, a former acting U.S. ambassador in Haiti.

“I’m really concerned that Haiti is going to sink into absolute and total chaos right now,” Mr. Moreno said.

A significant obstacle to exercising democratic power in Haiti is the growing force of gangs, which have often been tied to presidents. When they slip out of control they wreak havoc, said Mr. Moreno.

One of Haiti’s most powerful gang leaders, Jimmy Cherizier, known as “Barbecue,” recorded a video last week in which he called for Mr. Moïse to quit, as gang members, their faces hidden by balaclavas, waved machetes in the air.

Mr. Cherizier, a former policeman, was sanctioned by the U.S. Treasury Department in December for taking part in the 2018 attack on the Port-au-Prince shantytown of La Saline in which at least 71 people were killed and 400 homes were burned. Since then, Mr. Cherizier has become the head of the “G9 Alliance,” a federation of criminal gangs, the U.S. Treasury said. In May of 2020, Mr. Cherizier led gangs in a five-day attack across various Port-au-Prince neighborhoods, killing residents and setting homes on fire, the U.S. Treasury said.

Last Friday, Mr. Cherizier called on gang members to turn their guns on the government because he asserted it hadn’t delivered on promises to alleviate poverty. “Jovenel must go, he has to go,” he said, referring to the president.

The country has had six prime ministers over the past four years. Complicating matters, the late president named a new prime minister, Ariel Henry, on Monday, but he hadn’t yet taken office, leaving Mr. Joseph as acting prime minister. Dr. Henry, a neurosurgeon, has close ties to opposition leaders.

“So far this looks like an execution and not a coup d’état,” said Jean-Max Bellerive, a former Haitian prime minister. “But it could start looking like a coup d’état if the interim prime minister starts taking charge of everything without trying to achieve consensus.”

Mr. Joseph had cleaned out his office this week, said a former Haitian official. “If Henry decides that he is PM, things could get messier,” he said.

Christopher Sabatini, a Latin America expert at Chatham House, a London-based think tank, said: “The lines of succession are already blurred and confused, and the country’s electoral authority—which has yet to appoint a permanent electoral commission—is not prepared to hold new elections.”

Haiti has struggled to recover from a devastating earthquake in 2010, which killed more than 300,000 people and left an estimated 1.5 million homeless. Hurricane Matthew killed 500 people in 2016. The country is now grappling with its first serious Covid-19 outbreak and, as of late June, had yet to administer a single Covid-19 vaccine, according to the Pan-American Health Organization.

Haiti experts say the U.S. has allowed the Caribbean country to drift dangerously in recent years. A United Nations mission deployed in 2005 to ensure stability, with the U.S. providing the essential backing and organization, ended in 2017. While the U.N. mission was there, it had made sure that four presidents had finished their terms safely. Before 2007, five of seven presidents had been overthrown, though none killed.

“We said the U.N. mission should not be withdrawn because Haiti was anything but stabilized,” said James Morrell, executive director of the Haiti Democracy Project, an organization founded by former U.S. ambassadors in 2002. “Of course, we didn’t foresee an assassination.”

The chaos on the ground has to be brought under control and elections have to be organized with the backing of the U.S. and Caricom, an organization of Caribbean countries, said Mr. Moreno, the former acting ambassador. “It can’t really be done without us,” he said.

Some residents blame Mr. Moise for much of the gang violence. These gangs are used by the government to repress dissidents, the U.S. Treasury said in a 2020 order sanctioning two senior Haitian officials for allegedly planning, along with Mr. Cherizier, the 2018 La Saline massacre. The two officials provided police uniforms, guns and vehicles to the gang members who perpetrated the massacre, the U.S. said.

During the La Saline massacre, the gangs took the victims, including children, from their homes and executed them in the street. The bodies were later burned, dismembered and fed to animals, the U.S. Treasury said.

“The climate of insecurity was growing,” said a translator in Port au Prince. “The president’s assassination only showed how bad the situation has been.”

Gangs have battled for control of territory for months, with people snatched off the streets for ransom payments.

“A lot of citizens are getting kidnapped and killed for no reason and without being involved in politics,” the translator said. “We are under stress, scared to go to work and do regular activities.”

Mr. Moïse had grown deeply unpopular in the country, polls show. In addition to lawlessness and economic decline during his tenure, his image was dented by allegations of corruption linked to some $4 billion in oil-based loans from Venezuela under the PetroCaribe oil-for-cash plan.

In 2018, an investigation led by Haiti’s Senate alleged that Mr. Moïse helped embezzle funds linked to PetroCaribe while he was head of banana company Argitrans, before he came to power. It said Argitrans was paid $700,000 to repair roads even though it was a banana company. Mr. Moïse denied wrongdoing.

Haiti was the world’s first independent Black-led republic in 1804 after slaves rebelled against French rule. Since its independence, Haiti has had a turbulent history. The assassination of a Haitian president in 1915, the last Haitian head of state to be killed, led the U.S. to occupy the country until 1934. Later, it was ruled by corrupt and repressive regimes led by François “Papa Doc” Duvalier and his son, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, from 1957 to 1986.

In 1994, the U.S. intervened to reinstate President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest who was the first democratically elected president of Haiti in 1991 before he was overthrown by a military coup. After regaining power in 2000 elections, Mr. Aristide, by then no longer a priest, was ousted again by an insurrection in 2004 and forced into exile.

Mr. Edmond, Haiti’s envoy in Washington, said that the assistance of the U.S. government will be crucial in the days to come.

“A stable Haiti is in the interest of the U.S.,” he said.

The troubled Caribbean nation of Haiti was plunged into chaos after its president, Jovenel Moise, was assassinated in a nighttime raid and acting Prime Minister Claude Joseph declared a state of emergency.

Joseph said the president was murdered by highly trained and heavily armed killers who stormed the presidential residence above the capital Port-Au-Prince at around 1 a.m on Wednesday. The first lady Martine Moise was also injured in the attack and Haiti’s ambassador to Washington, Bocchit Edmond, said she was being medically evacuated to South Florida.

Miami’s Local 10 News said the first lady had been taken to Jackson Memorial Hospital in stable but critical condition, with gunshot wounds to her arms and thigh.

The National Police said Wednesday night that four suspects had been fatally shot and two others arrested, according to the Associated Press. Leon Charles, the police chief, said three police officers taken captive by the gunmen had been freed.

The country’s communication secretary, Frantz Exantus, said on Twitter that the “presumed assassins” had been “intercepted” by the National Police. He did not elaborate.

A nation of 11 million and the poorest in the Americas, Haiti has been terrorized for months by gang violence, driving thousands from their homes. President Moise, accused by human rights groups of links to the gangs, was ruling by decree and increasingly seen as an autocrat. Elections were scheduled for September but concerns were growing about whether they would be held.

“It’s highly likely that this was political violence in the prelude to the elections,” said Alan Zamayoa, an analyst at Control Risks who covers Haiti. He said Moise had been challenged by a series of crises -– the unraveling economy, corruption allegations, deteriorating security and his attempts to carry on for another term.

Joseph, the interim prime minister, told the AP he wanted an international investigation. He said the elections should be held as planned and pledged to work with Moise’s allies and opponents alike.

President Joe Biden condemned the assassination as a “heinous act,” echoed by numerous regional and world leaders. He pledged to help work for “a safe and secure Haiti.”

Extortion And Kidnapping

That’s a tall order. Haiti is close to being a failed state in the grip of armed bandits who make a living through extortion and kidnapping. The pandemic has only made things worse with not a single vaccination yet administered. On top of that and a desperately faltering economy, the country is undergoing a constitutional power struggle stemming from a chaotic election which saw Moise only sworn in 15 months after a first-round vote.

Haiti’s security forces need international help to control the country, Ambassador Edmond said. Video of the incident appears to show the attackers speaking English and Spanish, and presenting themselves as agents of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, he said. Since Haitians speak French and Creole, the suggestion is there is foreign involvement.

Port-Au-Prince was mainly quiet during the day.

“There is no one on the street. Everyone is waiting to see what comes next,” said Jean Chevalier-Sanon, director of Haiti’s National Para-Olympic Committee, in a phone interview from the capital in the morning.

Moise, 53, had governed by decree since January 2020, when parliamentary terms expired without elections being held. He’d said his five-year term would run until February 2022, while the opposition said his term ended last February.

Adding to the uncertainty, this week Moise appointed Ariel Henry as prime minister, though he wasn’t sworn in, leaving Claude Joseph acting on an interim basis.

Since a popular uprising ended the 15-year rule of Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier in 1986, Haiti has had numerous government changes, with about 20 administrations trying to exercise power. In 2010, it suffered a devastating earthquake that killed some 220,000 and left more than a million homeless. It hasn’t completely rebuilt, with disease and homelessness rampant.
Pressure Release

Haiti’s economy contracted 3.7% last year, a smaller downturn than most other Caribbean nations which suffered a slump in tourism.

At a time of mounting challenges across Latin America – the coronavirus, street demonstrations, food insecurity – Haiti hasn’t been a high priority for Washington or other powers, and there is little to suggest that will change soon.

It shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic and in past years the border has acted like a pressure release valve as Haitians have gone there to work and send money back. Since the pandemic, the border has often been closed, adding to the difficulties.

Haiti’s early history is a source of great national pride. In a brave and remarkable slave rebellion, Haitians threw off French colonial rule, defeating Napoleon Bonaparte’s forces in 1803. The following year, Haiti became the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean and the first to abolish slavery. But it faced ostracism and occupation for decades, and has never known stability or prosperity.

Laurent Lamothe, who was prime minister of Haiti from 2012 to 2014, said by phone that he was shocked at what had happened and the world needed to take notice and step in.

“There needs to be an international investigation,” he said. “Everyone should participate to ensure that those responsible and those that financed it — because these were mercenaries so someone had to pay them — are brought to justice.”

Updated: 7-11-2021

Slain Haitian President’s Security Was Lax, Neighbors Say

As probe continues, Haitians are thrown into uncertainty; some cast doubt on Colombians’ alleged role in killing.

Haitian President Jovenel Moïse, who was assassinated last week in a killing that has plunged this impoverished island nation into turmoil, had few guards outside his private residence on most days, say neighbors and those who knew him.

The assassination was carried out at about 1 a.m. on Wednesday. The assailants broke in, subdued Mr. Moïse’s guards and housekeeping staff, then shot the president 12 times—with one shot directly in his forehead, according to investigators. His eye had also been gouged out, the investigators said.

Neighbor Philogene Charles, 40 years old, said Mr. Moïse’s presence had given a sense of calm to the city’s Pelerin 5 district, where upscale mansions share a hillside with crowded slums.

Suspicions and theories have flourished about the killing, including that it was an inside job and not a hit by foreign mercenaries, as government officials have said.

“Nobody other than the president and his wife has a scratch on them. How can that be?” said Ms. Charles.

Haiti’s police chief, Leon Charles, who isn’t related to the neighbor, said Sunday that a 63-year-old doctor, Christian Emmanuel Sanon, was arrested here for allegedly recruiting the foreign mercenaries. Mr. Sanon couldn’t be reached for comment. It wasn’t immediately clear if he had a lawyer.

Mr. Sanon, who is of Haitian origin and had lived in Florida in recent years, traveled to Haiti in June on a private plane, Mr. Charles said. The police chief alleged that Mr. Sanon hired a Florida-based security company to organize a mercenary force for a mission that aimed to capture Mr. Moïse, and that Mr. Sanon had sought to take over as president.

Mr. Charles, who said Mr. Sanon was implicated by others detained by police, didn’t present evidence during a news conference and didn’t take questions.

Mr. Sanon is the latest of nearly 30 people that Haitian authorities say were involved in the attack. Officials say security forces killed at least three suspected assailants and arrested 18 Colombians as well as two other Haitian-Americans.

Several of Mr. Moïse’s former guards were also detained and are being questioned, police said.

The threat of violence has intensified since the assassination. Jimmy Cherisier, a former police officer known as “Barbecue” who leads the G9 group of gangs, called on his supporters to seek justice for Mr. Moïse.

In a video recording released over the weekend, Mr. Cherisier urged his countrymen to rise up against “the stinky bourgeoisies” and foreign businessmen who he claimed were behind the president’s murder.

The death has triggered a succession controversy. For now, Mr. Moïse’s acting-prime minister, Claude Joseph, has taken over de facto control of the government. Others say Ariel Henry, a neurosurgeon who had been named by the late president to become prime minister just days before his murder, should be in charge.

The National Police have been trying to keep order. On Saturday, they said all public demonstrations were prohibited under martial law. Port-au-Prince residents, still struggling to make sense of Mr. Moïse’s assassination, try to carry on amid growing doubts about who was behind his brazen killing.

People like Kenton Simon, 30, manager of a beauty salon, are now thinking about leaving the country because of surging violence and economic deprivation. “I don’t even know who’s running this country right now,” Mr. Simon said.

While violence intensified and gangs tightened their control over large parts of the country’s capital, demand for bodyguards and private security contractors rose over the past year, residents and foreign executives living in Haiti say.

In the Western Hemisphere’s poorest country, Mr. Moïse’s neighborhood is seen as upscale, yet it is lined by gated multifamily homes. A garbage-strewn stream flows under a narrow driveway that leads to the turquoise gate at the entrance of the slain leader’s residence.

On the unpaved road outside, there is little police presence as middle-class neighbors walk around freely while their barefooted children play with discarded plastic bottles.

In Bogotá, Colombian military and government officials are trying to determine what role, if any, the former soldiers had in the assassination.

At least two relatives of the elite jungle fighters from the Colombian army who have been linked by Haitian authorities to the president’s killing say the men were hired as bodyguards to protect wealthy Haitians and that they hadn’t been deployed to kill anyone.

Many former members of Colombia’s military, seen as seasoned after a half-century guerrilla conflict, are contracted by security companies world-wide.

Among the three suspects killed was Duberney Capador, 40, a retired Colombian army sergeant who spent two decades in counterinsurgency operations. Jenny Capador, 37, said her older brother had been contacted in April by a former colleague of his who hired him to provide security for wealthy Haitians.

With a monthly salary of $2,700, it was an appealing job opportunity for Mr. Capador. “I can assure that my brother is innocent,” Ms. Capador said.

Colombian authorities say Mr. Capador left Bogotá in early May and had already been in Haiti for nearly two months by the time of the president’s murder. Ms. Capador said her brother had kept in touch regularly, and sent her text messages through much of the day of the assassination.

The messages came just hours before he was killed in a shootout not far from Mr. Moïse’s residence, as Haitian security forces hunted down the suspects.

Ms. Capador was told by her brother that he and several Colombian co-workers were holed up in a home and surrounded by Haitian security forces. She received texts from her brother at 6:30 a.m. Thursday, saying the situation was complicated and that he and his colleagues had arrived too late to the president’s house.

He told her they were being shot at while they were trying to negotiate.

“He wrote: They are shooting at us. They are attacking us,” Ms. Capador said in a phone interview from Colombia. He sent his last message at 5:51 p.m. that day.

In a recent photo provided by the family, Mr. Capador can be seen wearing a black uniform embroidered with the logo of CTU Security, a Florida-based provider of security equipment and logistical support, including bodyguards, drivers and transportation. The company didn’t respond to calls seeking comment.

The wife of Francisco Uribe, another Colombian security contractor who was captured after the president’s assassination, told Colombian radio on Saturday that Mr. Uribe was recruited by CTU Security.

Haitian authorities said that ordinary citizens helped round up some of the suspects, most of whom were captured Thursday afternoon.

The growth of Haiti’s criminal gangs worries its next door neighbor, said Roberto Alvarez, the foreign minister of the Dominican Republic, which shares an island with Haiti. “There are more than ten gangs whose members are armed to the teeth, with more powerful weapons than the police, who dare not enter some areas,” Mr. Alvarez said in an interview.

On the night that Mr. Moïse was killed, Ms. Charles, the neighbor, said she thought that the commotion just feet away from her home came from neighbors watching a soccer match.

But she said a drone was hovering over the president’s home as intermittent gunfire erupted, lasting nearly two hours. Ms. Charles said she heard a loud explosion, leading her and her family to fear it was a gang gunbattle.

Ms. Charles, who is unemployed and supports her two children with remittances sent from relatives in the U.S., said she had never wanted to leave her country. But after a presidential assassination on her street, she is worried that violence in Haiti is about to worsen.

“Now, the first opportunity I get, I’m out of here.”


Updated: 7-12-2021

Is Haiti Governable Right Now?

Foreign money has overwhelmed any domestic incentives to play by the rules.

The political chaos that has followed the assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moise reflects a broader truth: Some nation-states are simply not viable in their current form. Growing incentives for corruption, coupled with unstable internal politics, can tear apart many governments.

Haiti’s troubles are severe. A parliamentary election slated for October 2019 was not held. In the absence of a sitting parliament, political legitimacy is hard to come by and disputes about leadership succession are not easily resolved. The head of the country’s Supreme Court recently died of Covid-19. A takeover by a strongman dictator, even assuming that was an acceptable alternative, is not imminent.

In other words, at the moment there doesn’t seem to be any way to govern Haiti. One problem is that foreign flows of money, whether from the drug trade or from Venezuelan foreign aid, have overwhelmed the domestic incentives to play by the rules. Haiti’s political institutions are mostly consumed by bribes and rents, with no stable center. The news, so to speak, is that such problems do not always have solutions. At all.

It is fine to suggest that Haiti invest in building up its political institutions — but those institutions have been unraveling for decades. I was a frequent visitor to the country in the 1990s, and although the poverty was severe, it was possible to travel with only a modest risk of encountering trouble. Government was largely ineffective, but it did exist.

These days the risk of kidnapping is so high that a visit is unthinkable. In April alone Port-au-Prince reported 91 kidnappings, and probably many more went unreported. By one measure, kidnappings are up 150% compared to 2020. It is another sign that breaking the rules is more profitable than abiding by them.

Fragments of the Haitian government have responded by inviting the U.S. government to send in troops. Whatever you may think of this proposal, it is hard to see it as a solution. The U.S. occupied and ruled Haiti from 1915 to 1934 and failed to fix basic problems.

The U.S. sent in troops in 1994 to restore order, and again failed to spur a Haitian political renaissance. A 13-year United Nations mission to Haiti ended in 2017, and the UN forces ended up extremely unpopular because they helped spread a cholera epidemic.

The buildup and rise of nation-states has become so ordinary that the opposite possibility is now neglected: their enduring collapse. It’s not history running in reverse. It’s that modernity has created new forces and incentives — drug money, kidnapping ransoms, payments from foreign powers, and so on — that can be stronger and more alluring than the usual reasons for supporting an internal national political order.

If the rest of the world gets rich more quickly than you do, it might have the resources to effectively neutralize your incentives for peace and good government.

So where else might the political order soon unravel? In parts of Afghanistan, external forces (Pakistan, China, Russia, the U.S.) have so much at stake that the conditions there may never settle down. Other risks might be found in small, not yet fully orderly nations such as Guyana, Equatorial Guinea, and Eswatini (formerly Swaziland).

El Salvador and Nicaragua seem to be consolidating their political orders, but at the cost of losing fair democratic political competition. The nation-state as we know it might not survive in every part of Nigeria, where the recent surge in kidnappings is striking.

In the Baltics and Taiwan, dangers from larger, aggressive neighbors lurk. In spite of generally good governance in these places, the pressures from outside powers might be too much to bear, reflecting broadly similar destabilizing mechanisms — namely, that the internal rewards for coordinating support for a status quo might not be high enough.

It is unclear what the U.S. should do about Haiti. It has an obligation to try to help, but it’s possible that not much can be done. The stability of the nation-state arose from a particular set of historical and technological circumstances that may or may not continue.

There is a Haitian proverb: “The constitution is paper, bayonets are steel.”

In the early 19th century, when its enslaved people threw off foreign rule and fought a war of liberation, Haiti was a model for a better world. This time around, the world should hope that what is happening in Haiti is not a sign of things to come elsewhere.

Updated: 7-14-2021

Haiti On Brink Of Anarchy Amid Hunger, Gang Violence And Power Vacuum

After president’s murder, Haitians see U.S. calls for elections and restoring democratic order as a pipe dream.

Nearly half of the population on this island nation is facing acute hunger, while gang members block fuel distribution routes to the capital and scare away tourists from pristine beaches. In contrast to neighboring countries, Haiti has yet to administer a single vaccine against Covid-19.

A country that for much of its history has been stifled by poverty and strife is now mired in its worst crisis in a generation after President Jovenel Moïse was assassinated in his home last week in a murky attack the police blame on two dozen foreign mercenaries and a 63-year-old doctor they say wanted to be president.

Though Claude Joseph, the interim prime minister, says he is Haiti’s rightful leader, the Biden administration on Monday appeared to distance itself from him after a U.S. delegation traveled to the island over the weekend.

Officials from Homeland Security, the State Department and the National Security Council saw him and two other men with claims on power: Ariel Henry, whom Mr. Moïse had named as prime minister but who hadn’t taken office, and Senate President Joseph Lambert, the NSC said Monday.

“What was clear from their trip is that there is a lack of clarity about the future of political leadership,” White House press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters. She said the administration remains in contact with “a range of leaders in Haiti about how we can assist.”

The U.S. shied from signaling support for one leader over the other. Last week, State Department spokesman Ned Price said the U.S. had been working with Mr. Joseph, referring to him as “the incumbent in the position.”

The visit by the Americans may be a prelude to an agreement between Mr. Joseph and Mr. Henry to work together to stabilize the country and pave the way for fresh elections, Mr. Henry told The Wall Street Journal on Monday, describing talks he has held with Mr. Joseph.

The U.S. has reiterated that American troops wouldn’t be deployed in Haiti, as they were in 1994 to return a deposed president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, to power. And U.S. officials have told Haitians that preserving democratic institutions and holding elections are key to restoring peace here.

But talk of an election seems like a pipe dream to many people in a nation that is teetering on collapse. The late Mr. Moïse had been ruling by decree for two years, and the country has no functioning parliament. The president of the Supreme Court died of Covid-19 last month.

Further complicating matters, electoral authorities were appointed unconstitutionally last year, said Pierre Espérance, a prominent human rights lawyer here.

Mr. Espérance, who in the past has worked closely with U.S. lawmakers, said American officials “push, they push, they push, a lot for an election this year. But we cannot have an election in this situation. There is no constitutional solution.”

He said the U.S. and its allies need to broker dialogue between Haiti’s civil society groups and its fragmented political parties to calm tensions and restore order. Nearly 70 people ran for president in 2015 elections. A runoff was delayed multiple times; and in 2016, Mr. Moïse won out of a pool of nearly 30 candidates.

A succession battle that has ensued with Mr. Moïse’s death promises to make the job of identifying leaders in Haiti’s politically fragmented establishment more challenging than usual. Even political nobodies are seemingly willing to fill the power vacuum.

The political uncertainty comes as police on Sunday said they arrested Christian Emmanuel Sanon, a Haitian doctor, for being a central figure in the assassination of Mr. Moïse. Authorities alleged that Mr. Sanon, who until June was living in Florida, wanted to take over as president. But many here didn’t even know him.

“I have no idea who this guy is,” said Andre Michel, the leader of a coalition of opposition political parties as he explained Haiti’s leadership crisis.

He accused the ruling government of working with gang leaders and corrupt businessmen, and said Mr. Moïse’s decrees had eroded the little that was left of Haiti’s democracy. Mr. Joseph’s government couldn’t be reached to comment on the allegations.

Mr. Michel said he feared the worst for his country without assistance from the U.S. and the United Nations, to both keep the peace on the ground and to encourage political leaders to work together.

“We’re talking about completely rebuilding a state,” Mr. Michel said at the offices of his political party Monday.

Without electricity, he was sweating and fanning himself with a manila folder at his desk as he shouted at assistants to fix a power generator.

Bringing politicians together to debate would only be an initial step in a long list of tasks needed to bring the streets under control. In recent months, rampant violence, including the burning of homes by ruthless crime syndicates, has forced thousands of Haitians to flee crowded slums in the south of Port-au-Prince, a mass displacement that the U.N. has described as a mounting humanitarian disaster.

For many Haitians, elections and even the prospect of stability in their country sound like fantasy as gang battles, the political breakdown and unemployment turn daily life into a nightmare.

Witney Sejour, a 25-year-old saleswoman here, said seeing dead bodies lying on the road on her way home from work has turned into an almost daily occurrence.

“I try to keep my head down and carry on my way,” Ms. Sejour said, describing the toll it has taken on her mental health.

“But when I lay down in bed at night I cry,” she said. “This whole country needs a psychological evaluation. I’m not asking to be rich. I just want stability.”

Others are improvising to get by. Nickenson Amos, a 30-year-old struggling to support his two small children, said he uses the little money he has to buy gasoline whenever it is available.

With gangs leaving major fuel truck routes in the south of the capital impassable, Mr. Amos spends his days standing outside of the city’s closed gas stations with a jug for fuel, waiting for them to open. Once they do, he buys gasoline and resells it to desperate motorists at five times the usual price.

His net earnings are still paltry. With crime out of control, he said few customers even venture out these days.

“It’s a horrible situation,” Mr. Amos said, adding that he hoped for a military incursion from abroad to restore order. “If they don’t come, we’re going to need a miracle.”

Updated: 8-8-2021

One of Haiti’s Richest Men Denies Links To Moise Murder Plot

Just a few weeks ago, Reginald Boulos, a prominent Haitian businessman, was planning his first presidential run in one of the hemisphere’s most chaotic and troubled nations.

Those plans ended July 7 with the brazen murder of President Jovenel Moise and subsequent allegations that Boulos, 65, might have helped finance the country’s first presidential assassination in a century.

Speaking from an undisclosed location outside of Haiti, Boulos said the accusations and rumors are keeping him from returning home and seem designed to sideline him politically.

“I had nothing, absolutely nothing, to do with Jovenel’s death,” he said in a telephone interview Thursday. “Nobody could have imagined this would happen except the people who planned it, financed it and did it.”

Moise’s murder is still being investigated and more than 40 people are in custody. But Prime Minister Ariel Henry and other top officials have said that the true criminal masterminds are likely at large. And they’ve insinuated that only a few rich Haitians, including Boulos, have the financial resources to organize the broad conspiracy that involved hiring more than a dozen former Colombian soldiers.

Moise’s widow, Martine, told the New York Times that Boulos had much to gain from her husband’s death, citing his presidential aspirations, his ongoing legal troubles and the government’s decision to freeze his bank accounts.

Boulos says he doesn’t know any of the people who have been arrested or are being sought and has never “provided any funds directly or indirectly” to any of them.

The frozen bank accounts Moise mentioned contained about $30,000, a modest sum compared to the $18 million he says that he and his companies pay, on average, in taxes to the Haitian government every year.

As for his presidential aspirations, Boulos says Moise’s death has wrecked his chances.

“The false accusations have damaged my standing in the country,” he said. “Contrary to what people say, I have absolutely nothing to gain from this killing.”

Political Play

Boulos worked as a doctor in the Cite Soleil shantytown for 14 years before opening his first convenience store in 1997. Now the Boulos Investment Group has a chain of grocery stores, car dealerships and real estate holdings.

In 2018 he formed the MTV Ayiti political party and joined opposition voices calling for Moise, 53, to step down. But he said overthrowing — much less killing — Moise was never mentioned in his political circles.

“Our fight was a democratic one,” he insists. “We were working to build a strong party, and in less than two years we had 33,000 party members and we were preparing to go to a free and fair election.”

In Boulos’ telling, the government recognized him as a political threat and tried to undermine him in the courts. “And now they have invented baloney accusations to scare me off,” he said.

Local media have said Boulos is a billionaire, a label he denies. “I’m well off but I’m not wealthy,” he said, describing himself as a “multimillionaire” who’s likely not among the country’s 50 wealthiest people.

Stark Divide

Even so, his riches are conspicuous in Haiti — the poorest and most unequal nation in the Western Hemisphere. Nearly 60% of Haitians live below the poverty line and the wealthiest 20% control more than 64% of the nation’s wealth, according to the World Bank.

The stark divide has led to class animosity that Moise exploited by railing against “oligarchs” and “elites.” Boulos concedes Haiti’s inequality is a serious issue and that the nation’s unscrupulous rich are part of the problem.

“The elite wealthy people want to make money and they don’t want to pay taxes and they live off contraband and corruption — and then go and spend the money in Miami,” he said. But it’s in politics where the corrupt can “go to sleep poor and wake up rich.”

“We have seen that with president after president,” he said, citing a report from Haiti’s high court in 2020 that found that successive governments from 2008 to 2016 had fraudulently misused more than $2 billion in aid from Venezuela’s PetroCaribe subsidized fuel program.

“It’s not a sin to be rich,” he said. “It’s sin to prevent other people from getting rich.”

Fear of Home

Boulos says he left Haiti June 25 on a business trip to the U.S. and had planned to return on July 9 when he heard of Moise’s murder.

“I have not been back to Haiti since,” he said. “With all the allegations that were promoted against me, and with the First Lady pointing the finger at me, I fear for my safety in Haiti.”

Others share Boulos’ concerns. Haitian investigators told local and international media that they had gone into hiding after receiving death threats and were being pressured to include Boulos and others as potential suspects in the case.

Boulos said the only chance of finding Moise’s killers and those who ordered it, is to guarantee the investigation’s independence by putting it in the hands of the international community. While U.S. and Colombian authorities are assisting, the case is being led by Haitian officials.

“The investigation has already been botched” Boulos said, referring to apparent political meddling in the case. “But I want the truth to come out.”

Updated: 8-13-2021

Haiti Legal Clerk Investigating President’s Murder Is Killed

Probe into Jovenel Moïse’s assassination makes little progress amid growing doubts.

A Haitian legal clerk helping investigate the assassination of the country’s president was murdered, his union and colleagues said Thursday, marking a violent turn for authorities pursuing the case.

Ernst Lafortune, a clerk working for a tribunal in the country’s capital of Port-au-Prince, had an evening meeting with his superior, Mathieu Chanlatte, a judge investigating the murder of President Jovenel Moïse, the National Association of Haitian Legal Clerks said in a statement. The two had a “lively discussion,” the union said.

Hours later, Mr. Lafortune was dropped off by unidentified people at a hospital with broken arms and a gash in his throat, said another legal clerk working with him. At the hospital, Mr. Lafortune was pronounced dead, leaving behind a wife and at least two children, the clerk said.

The hospital where Mr. Lafortune was taken couldn’t be determined. His family members and the judge couldn’t be reached to comment.

“Is it a coincidence that he is dead? Look at it: It is not a coincidence,” the legal clerk said. “It’s a clear signal that shows that a clerk cannot work on this case.”

“The clerks who are in charge of this case, who do the fundamental work and register the evidence, are left without security,” he added.

The death of Mr. Lafortune is the latest twist in the five-week-long investigation of President Moïse, who was gunned down on July 7 after an assault on his compound. Haitian authorities have accused Colombian former soldiers of breaching the compound, killing him and wounding his wife in the bedroom of the house. Three Colombian former soldiers were killed in shootouts the night of the president’s assassination.

Some 44 suspects have been detained by Haitian police. They range from 18 Colombian former soldiers to Haitian police officers, including two senior officials who led the president’s security detail. Arrest warrants have also been issued for former Haitian officials, including former Supreme Court Judge Windelle Coq-Thelot. The judge allegedly signed a letter requesting aid from a Miami area-based security company, CTU Security, in serving an arrest warrant on Mr. Moïse.

Through her lawyer, Ms. Coq-Thelot, who is in hiding, said that the letter requesting aid was a fake and that she had no contact with CTU Security or anything to do with the warrant.

In yet another development, a Haitian police report reviewed by The Wall Street Journal said that the bodies of two former Colombian soldiers killed after the assault were found with some $50,000 dollars in cash on their persons and in a suitcase close to their bodies, along with ammunition and weapons that included an Uzi, a Glock and a Taurus pistol.

The investigation into the murder of Mr. Moïse spans five countries. Colombian police as well as agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security are aiding the probe. Investigators have found neither a mastermind nor a motive for the president’s assassination. Few in Haiti have any faith that the killing will be solved.

At least four judges and clerks working on the death of Mr. Moïse have gone into hiding, citing threats to their lives called in from unidentified phone numbers. Colombian suspects held in a moldering jail by the country’s airport have asked not to be transferred, out of fear they will be killed en route, according to a Colombian official who interviewed the former soldiers.

The former Colombian soldiers have said they are innocent and were set up to take the blame. One Colombian suspect in custody told a visiting Colombian human-rights official that the president was already dead when he arrived on the scene.

Haitian police have also detained a Florida-based, Haitian-born preacher, Christian Sanon, whom they allege had plans to install himself as the country’s interim ruler and carry out projects to help develop Haiti.

As part of his alleged plan, Mr. Sanon contracted CTU Security, the South Florida firm, to provide security for the projects, including a planned solar energy plant in the beach town of Jacmel. Somehow, Haitian police say, that original concept morphed into a plan to arrest Mr. Moïse the night of his assassination. And then, the proposed arrest turned into an armed assault on his house and his assassination, police say.

Mr. Sanon is currently in jail in Haiti and couldn’t be reached to comment.

Antonio Intriago, the owner of CTU Security, believed he was operating lawfully on the basis of the letter he received with the signature Ms. Coq-Thelot, the supreme court judge, his lawyer said. “If it wasn’t her it was someone pretending to be her,” said Gilbert Lacayo, Mr. Intriago’s lawyer.

Judge Investigating Assassination of Haiti’s President Steps Down

Probe into Jovenel Moïse’s assassination makes little progress amid growing doubts.

The judge investigating the assassination of Haiti’s president stepped down Friday, less than two days after his clerk was killed, throwing the probe into further disarray five weeks after the country’s leader was gunned down in his home.

In a letter, Judge Mathieu Chanlatte, the judge investigating the murder of President Jovenel Moïse, said he was submitting his resignation from the case for “personal reasons.”

It couldn’t be determined whether Mr. Chanlatte’s exit from the case had to do with the death of his chief clerk, Ernst Lafortune. Mr. Lafortune’s union and colleagues say he was murdered.

In response to a request for comment, Mr. Chanlatte texted a screenshot of a tweet by a Haitian radio station. According to the tweet, which cited an unnamed source in the judiciary, Mr. Chanlatte had quit the case because “the means requested by the magistrate to do his job well were not given to him.” Mr. Chanlatte didn’t elaborate further.

In a statement Thursday, Mr. Lafortune’s union, the National Association of Haitian Legal Clerks said the clerk had an evening meeting with Mr. Chanlatte on Wednesday. The two had a “lively discussion,” the union said.

Hours later, Mr. Lafortune was dropped off by unidentified people at a hospital with broken arms and a gash in his throat, said another legal clerk working with him. At the hospital, Mr. Lafortune was pronounced dead, leaving behind a wife and at least two children, the clerk said.

The hospital where Mr. Lafortune was taken couldn’t be determined. His family members couldn’t be reached to comment.

“Is it a coincidence that he is dead? Look at it: It is not a coincidence,” the legal clerk said. “It’s a clear signal that shows that a clerk cannot work on this case.”

“The clerks who are in charge of this case, who do the fundamental work and register the evidence, are left without security,” he added.

The choice of Mr. Chanlatte to carry out the probe into the president’s murder had been controversial from the start because some considered the judge to be very close to the late Mr. Moïse.

“He was too friendly with the Jovenel administration,” said Pierre Esperance, head of the National Human Rights Defense Network, an advocacy group. “I’m very happy he’s gone.”

But the judge’s withdrawal underlined the difficulties any judge will have in carrying out the investigation.

“No judge will be comfortable taking the case, you don’t know who will be coming after you,” said Ralph Chevry, a board member of the Haiti Center for Socio Economic Policy, a think tank in Port-au-Prince. “The killing of the clerk made it worse, sending a clear message that they are not going to sit idly by,” he said, referring to whoever was responsible for the assassination.

“I don’t think the investigation can be carried out locally,” said Mr. Chevry.

Haitian police and other top government officials didn’t respond immediately to requests for comment.

The death of Mr. Lafortune is the latest twist in the five-week-long investigation of President Moïse, who was gunned down on July 7 after an assault on his compound.

Haitian authorities have accused Colombian former soldiers of breaching the compound, killing him and wounding his wife in the bedroom of the house. Three Colombian former soldiers were killed in shootouts the night of the president’s assassination.

The United Nations is evaluating a request from Haiti’s Foreign Ministry for the international organization’s assistance in investigating the president’s assassination, a spokesman for U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres said earlier this week.

Foreign Minister Claude Joseph asked the U.N. chief in an Aug. 3 letter for help to create an international commission to work with Haitian investigators and also establish a special tribunal to prosecute the accused.

Some 44 suspects have been detained by Haitian police. They range from 18 Colombian former soldiers to Haitian police officers, including two senior officials who led the president’s security detail. Arrest warrants have also been issued for former Haitian officials, including former Supreme Court Judge Windelle Coq-Thelot.

The judge allegedly signed a letter requesting aid from a Miami area-based security company, CTU Security, in serving an arrest warrant on Mr. Moïse.

Through her lawyer, Ms. Coq-Thelot, who is in hiding, said that the letter requesting aid was a fake and that she had no contact with CTU Security or anything to do with the warrant.

In yet another development, a Haitian police report reviewed by The Wall Street Journal said that the bodies of two former Colombian soldiers killed after the assault were found with some $50,000 in cash on their persons and in a suitcase close to their bodies, along with ammunition and weapons that included an Uzi, a Glock and a Taurus pistol.

The investigation into the murder of Mr. Moïse spans five countries. Colombian police as well as agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security are aiding the probe.

Investigators have found neither a mastermind nor a motive for the president’s assassination. Few in Haiti have any faith that the killing will be solved.

At least four judges and clerks working on the death of Mr. Moïse have gone into hiding, citing threats to their lives called in from unidentified phone numbers.

Colombian suspects held in a moldering jail by the country’s airport have asked not to be transferred, out of fear they will be killed en route, according to a Colombian official who interviewed the former soldiers.

The former Colombian soldiers have said they are innocent and were set up to take the blame. One Colombian suspect in custody told a visiting Colombian human-rights official that the president was already dead when he arrived on the scene.

Haitian police have also detained a Florida-based, Haitian-born preacher, Christian Sanon, who they allege had plans to install himself as the country’s interim ruler and carry out projects to help develop Haiti.

As part of his alleged plan, Mr. Sanon contracted CTU Security, the South Florida firm, to provide security for the projects, including a planned solar energy plant in the beach town of Jacmel.

Somehow, Haitian police say, that original concept morphed into a plan to arrest Mr. Moïse the night of his assassination. And then, the proposed arrest turned into an armed assault on his house and his assassination, police say.

Mr. Sanon is currently in jail in Haiti and couldn’t be reached to comment.

Antonio Intriago, the owner of CTU Security, believed he was operating lawfully on the basis of the letter he received with the signature of Ms. Coq-Thelot, the supreme court judge, his lawyer said. “If it wasn’t her it was someone pretending to be her,” said Gilbert Lacayo, Mr. Intriago’s lawyer.

Updated: 8-15-2021

Haiti Earthquake Death Toll Rises To More Than 1,200

Rescuers searching for hundreds of people still missing after the magnitude 7.2 temblor in the country’s southern region.

At least 1,297 people were killed and some 5,700 injured in a devastating earthquake that struck Haiti this weekend, aggravating the crisis of an increasingly chaotic country whose president was assassinated last month and where a coming tropical storm threatens even more devastation.

Most of the fatalities from Saturday’s 7.2 magnitude quake occurred in the country’s southern peninsula, said Jerry Chandler, head of Haiti’s civil-protection agency. More than 13,000 buildings in the area were destroyed, including churches, hospitals and at least two hotels, he said.

“People are crying in the streets, the walls of homes have collapsed. It is the worse experience a person could live through,” said Linda Caracolis, a resident in the outskirts of the town of Jeremie. “People have lost their homes, their families. For the moment, we are on our own.”

The fatality count was expected to rise as Haitians frantically searched for hundreds of people still missing on Sunday.

Compounding problems, some aid agencies in the capital of Port-au-Prince said they were reluctant to send relief efforts by road to the harder-hit south because of gangs that regularly extort and even kidnap drivers along the route.

“We are unable to ship goods to Les Cayes by road because shipments are attacked and hijacked,” said Akim Kikonda, the country representative of Catholic Relief Services.

Instead, the charity intends to ship supplies to Les Cayes by sea using a program that was being set up by the World Food Programme, the United Nations’ food-assistance agency, he said.

The quake battered Haiti as it grappled with political turmoil after last month’s assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in Port-au-Prince. Prime Minister and interim President Ariel Henry was appointed to lead the government three weeks ago.

The nation has also been bracing for Tropical Storm Grace, expected to bring heavy rainfall and potentially flash floods as it moves across the Caribbean this week.

Haitians and aid agencies worry that the mounting troubles could spiral out of control and create a humanitarian crisis.

“You just keep on adding tragedy after tragedy. You keep on adding suffering onto suffering,” said Monique Clesca, a former U.N. official and writer in Port-au-Prince. “How much more can you take?”

Among the hardest-hit cities was Les Cayes, with a population of 125,000. The city’s hospitals, some of which were damaged by the temblor, were overwhelmed by the number of injured.

On Sunday, Udmay François, 22 years old, the mother of an 11-month-old boy, was writhing in pain on the grounds of Ofatma Hospital as she waited to be treated. She said she spent 11 hours buried in the ruins of her home, her infant lying under her before they were dug out.

“Two floors fell on top of me with my baby under my stomach,” she said, crying. “I cried for help until I lost my voice. I heard voices but I didn’t have the strength to cry out, but my baby did, and someone heard.”

Ms. François said her baby was doing well, but her mother was buried in the ruins of the home where they lived. She said about 25 people lived in the apartment building, but fewer than 10 people came out alive. “In less than a minute, I lost my mother and my brother,” she said.

In Les Cayes, Job François, standing by his father’s collapsed house, said three people had been buried in the rubble. He, along with friends, were able to dig out his 30-year-old brother and his 1-year-old niece.

They weren’t able to save a tenant, a woman who had been killed in the quake.

“I praise God for having spared me from this tragedy,” said Mr. François, who would have been at the house but had been called away to run an errand.

At least three hotels and two churches were destroyed in Les Cayes. Among the fatalities was Gabriel Fortuné, a hotel owner and a former mayor and senator.

The offices of Haiti’s first cardinal, Chibly Langlois, collapsed, killing three people including a priest, said Mr. Kikonda of Catholic Relief Services, speaking from Port-au-Prince. He said Cardinal Langlois’s injuries weren’t life-threatening.

Prime Minister Henry said he was mobilizing government resources to aid those affected. He flew to the disaster zone Sunday and talked to injured survivors in Les Cayes.

“I offer my sympathy to the parents of the victims of this violent earthquake that has caused loss of human life and material damage in several departments of the country,” he said in a tweet.

President Biden authorized immediate aid to Haiti.

“In what is already a challenging time for the people of Haiti, I am saddened by the devastating earthquake,” he said in a statement. “We send our deepest condolences to all those who lost a loved one or saw their homes and businesses destroyed.”

The U.S. Agency for International Development deployed a 65-person team at the request of Haiti’s government to assist in urban search-and-rescue operations, USAID Administrator Samantha Power said in a Twitter post on Sunday.

The U.S. Coast Guard said it was transporting medical personnel and supplies from Port-au-Prince to the southern peninsula, and bringing injured patients to hospitals in the capital.

In Rome, Pope Francis called for nations to send aid to help Haiti. “May the solidarity of all alleviate the consequences of the tragedy,” the pope said.

Haiti still hasn’t recovered completely from a devastating 2010 quake, which caused billions of dollars in damage and prompted hundreds of thousands of Haitians to migrate from the country in the years that followed.

Saturday’s quake occurred along the same fault as the 2010 temblor and released roughly two times the energy, said William Yeck, a research geophysicist at the U.S. Geological Survey.

The epicenter of this quake was about 70 miles from the crowded capital, which has 2.8 million people in the greater metro area, compared with 20 miles in the 2010 quake.

Widespread damage occurred near the epicenter of Saturday’s quake.

“We know from 2010 in Haiti that the buildings are very fragile, and very vulnerable to shaking, and that’s really why these earthquakes are so catastrophic there. As well, there’s a really dense population,” Mr. Yeck said.

Across southern Haiti, residents spent the night sleeping outdoors, afraid their homes would collapse as aftershocks continued to rattle the nation. Residents said they were afraid to go back inside, but also afraid to stay outside given the country’s chronic crime and the incoming storm.

“Only God can help us,” said Nephtalie Marie Vrambling, 24, who has an injured knee. “We can’t stay outside, and we can’t go inside our houses after all that has happened.”

She said five people lived in her house, and two of them were buried in the debris of the heavily damaged home for some time after the quake struck. All survived, but she said three children and two adults died in nearby homes.

Haiti’s political turmoil and fragile state compound the challenges of delivering aid to the peninsula, which was devastated during Hurricane Matthew in 2016, said Jim Ansara, co-founder of Build Health International, a U.S. nonprofit that works in Haiti.

“In the southern peninsula, there is little functioning federal government and there is no emergency response,” he said. “We saw this with Hurricane Matthew. There was no relief for four or five days.”

On Haitian radio, local leaders went on the air to describe the destruction. Sorel Jacinthe, a former senator, told the Magik9 radio station that the quake destroyed as much as 70% of the seaside city of Corail, which has more than 20,000 residents.

At least eight people were dead, and the only hospital was out of supplies, including water and gauze. “People are dying for lack of care,” he told the radio station.

The quake destroyed nine of 15 towns in the Grand’Anse department, Mr. Jacinthe said.

Pascal Calixte, the former mayor of Baraderes, a town of some 50,000 on the northwestern shore of Haiti’s southern peninsula, said about 90% of the town’s houses were destroyed. “There are many casualties, many injured,” Mr. Calixte said in an interview on Magik9. He said the town’s hospital had been damaged and couldn’t take care of the injured.


Updated: 10-17-2021

Group of 16 Americans And A Canadian, Including Five Children, Kidnapped In Haiti

State Department says it is working with Haitian authorities over gang’s abduction of missionaries from Ohio-based group.

A group of American missionaries working in Haiti was kidnapped by a notorious gang amid a sharp rise in abductions and political turmoil in the Caribbean nation, a spokesman for the Haitian Justice Ministry said.

Ohio-based Christian Aid Ministries said in a statement Sunday that a group that included 16 Americans and one Canadian was kidnapped Saturday morning during a trip to an orphanage. The organization said that five of those who were abducted are children.

An aide to Prime Minister Ariel Henry said the missionaries were taken hostage after being ambushed by heavily armed men on a road outside the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince.

“Join us in praying for those who are being held hostage, the kidnappers, and the families, friends, and churches of those affected,” Christian Aid Ministries said.

Gédéon Jean of the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, a Port-au-Prince-based organization that tracks kidnappings in Haiti, said the kidnapping was carried out by members of the 400 Mawozo gang.

Mr. Jean said the gang, which controls the Croix-des-Bouquets suburb east of Port-au-Prince, is responsible for about 80% of mass kidnappings in Haiti.

“The gangs are increasingly showing that they are controlling more territory and operating as they like,” said Mr. Jean.

The aide to Mr. Henry said that gunmen from the 400 Mawozo gang were holding the captives for ransom and that negotiations to free them were under way. He declined to provide further details.

A U.S. Embassy spokesman referred inquiries to the State Department.

“The welfare and safety of U.S. citizens abroad is one of the highest priorities of the Department of State,” a department spokesperson said in a statement on Sunday.

“We have been in regular contact with senior Haitian authorities and will continue to work with them and interagency partners.”

Sen. Rob Portman, an Ohio Republican and a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, expressed concern. “I have been in touch with the State Dept to encourage them to ensure the safe return of the missionaries,” he said on Twitter on Sunday.

Kidnappings in Haiti have surged this year as the country has been gripped by a deepening political crisis following July’s brazen assassination of president Jovenel Moïse at his home in Port-au-Prince.

A United Nations report presented to the Security Council found that kidnappings rose to 328 in the first eight months of this year compared with 234 during all of 2020 as gangs targeted everyone from poor street vendors to wealthy businessmen.

The U.N. says that gangs control swaths of the country, including about half of the capital, causing fuel shortages and displacing thousands of people.

About 19,000 people have been displaced by gangs since early June, the U.N. says, while charity Doctors Without Borders was forced to close a hospital in August in the capital’s Martissant neighborhood because of violence by gangs.

“The gangs are more arrogant and they control more territory,” said Pierre Esperance, the director of a leading Haitian human rights group. “That is why there are more kidnappings.”

In April, the Vatican said five priests, two nuns and three of their relatives were seized by kidnappers, said to belong to the 400 Mawozo gang, as the clergy went out to the installation of a parish priest.

Church institutions suspended their activities for three days, while church bells tolled in protest of the kidnapping. The kidnap victims were eventually released.

The number of kidnappings has picked up in the past two months since Mr. Moïse’s assassination, leading a national union of transportation workers to call for a strike on Monday to protest abductions of its members.

In September, 117 people were kidnapped, up from 31 in July, according to the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights. Forty-two kidnapping victims so far this year have been foreigners.

“You are so afraid every day. Every time you get home you think, ‘Thank God, I’m here, they didn’t kidnap me,’” said Hans Joseph, a 47-year-old small restaurant owner in Port-au-Prince.

On Friday, a doctor was seized by gunmen on her way home from the Center Hospitalier de Delmas. The same day, a law professor was abducted. And earlier this month, the minister of a church was kidnapped.

“There is no safe place in Haiti today,” said Mr. Esperance, the human rights advocate. “Gangs can kill you or kidnap you wherever you are.”

The 400 Mawozo gang has gained prominence over the past three years through mass kidnappings and extortions along a road in rural eastern Haiti that leads to the neighboring Dominican Republic, said Louis-Henri Mars, head of Lakou Lape, a nonprofit that brokers peace talks between gangs and civil-society groups.

The gang has withstood onslaughts from national police and has expanded through alliances with other criminal groups, said Mr. Mars.

The kidnapping on Saturday occurred a day after the U.N.’s Security Council extended for nine months a U.N. mission in Haiti that is working to bring political stability.

Haiti’s government is also scrambling to arrange elections in the wake of Mr. Moise’s murder, which raises the specter for more violence in a country where gangs have been closely linked to political parties.

“Once the elections are decreed, the conflict is going to pick up again,” said Mr. Mars.

Christian Aid Ministries was founded in 1981 as a nonprofit conduit for Amish, Mennonite and other Protestant sects “to minister to physical and spiritual needs around the world,” according to the group’s website.

The ministry said it provides aid, literature or teaching to 14 million people in 133 countries and territories.

In Haiti, Christian Aid Ministries helped rebuild homes following the devastation from Hurricane Matthew in 2016, and in 2020 underwrote school expenses for more than 9,000 children, provided more than 2,700 medical consultations and started a local jobs program, according to its most recent annual report.

The group said in its 2020 report that American staff had returned to Haiti after nine months of absence due to political unrest.

In a message to supporters in the annual report, David N. Troyer, general director of Christian Aid Ministries, said “the political instability in Haiti and other countries causes uncertainty and difficulties.”

“This is a group of people who were there trying to help,” said Jeff Huebner, the mayor of Millersburg, a town in Holmes County, Ohio, where the ministry is based. “It’s a very unfortunate situation we are in.”

Mr. Troyer also said in the message that the group’s Haiti mission was weighed down by sexual-abuse allegations there against a former missionary.

The missionary, Jeriah Mast, left Haiti amid a government investigation there and later “confessed to molesting boys while working for our organization in Haiti,” said a statement from the ministry that year.

Mr. Mast later that year was convicted of sexually abusing youths in the U.S., and on May 28, 2020, Christian Aid Ministries announced it had settled a civil case with the Haiti victims in an out-of-court agreement.

An attorney for Mr. Mast declined to comment. Attorneys for the ministry couldn’t be immediately reached.

“The fallout from the Haiti abuse case continues to weigh on us,” Mr. Troyer said in the annual report. He couldn’t be reached for comment Sunday.

Updated: 10-19-2021

Gangs Threaten To Tip Haiti Into A Failed State

Criminal rings, like the one that kidnapped American missionaries, control as much as two-thirds of Haiti, a lawless scenario that threatens regional stability.

Gangs in Haiti, such as the one holding a group of American and Canadian missionaries for ransom, have become so powerful that they now challenge the government for control of as much as two-thirds of the country’s territory, according to human-rights groups and analysts.

The brazen daylight kidnapping this past weekend of the group of 17 people, including five children, is the latest sign that gangs are becoming the Haitian equivalent of Somali warlords while turning large parts of the country of more than 11 million people into no-go zones.

The growing power of gangs threatens to turn Haiti into a failed state, an outcome that could send shock waves of instability and migration across the region, especially in the Dominican Republic, with which Haiti shares an island, and pose a challenge for President Biden.

“These gangs are the modern equivalent of warlords,” said Eduardo Gamarra, a scholar at Florida International University who studies Caribbean countries. “They are better armed than the police and they outnumber the police.”

On Sunday, Prime Minister Ariel Henry was expected to lead a ceremony honoring Haiti’s independence hero Gen. Jean-Jacques Dessalines on the anniversary of his death.

But a heavy burst of gunfire sent Mr. Henry and his entourage fleeing, ultimately causing them to abandon the ceremony in the capital Port-au-Prince, according to Haitian media reports and videos circulating on social media.

Shortly after, Jimmy Cherizier, Haiti’s most important gang leader, appeared dressed in a white suit and black tie, knelt at the site, and laid down three wreaths of flowers.

For many Haitians, it was a clear sign of who has power.

Some 100 gangs engage in everything from kidnappings, arms trafficking and contraband smuggling, according to the National Human Rights Defense Network, an advocacy group. The group also estimates the gangs now effectively control as much as two-thirds of the national territory.

On Wednesday, the presidents of the Dominican Republic, Panama and Costa Rica will meet in Panama to discuss the deteriorating situation in Haiti. In a joint statement last month at the United Nations, the three countries said they were profoundly worried about the Haitian crisis fueling a surge of migration through the region.

The rise in kidnappings and other crime prompted a transportation union to launch a strike on Monday that blocked roads and closed schools, banks, and shopping centers in Port-au-Prince in a bid to pressure the government to improve security.

In recent months, the gangs have stepped into a power vacuum amid deepening political turmoil following the assassination in July of President Jovenel Moïse. They include the powerful G9 union of gangs, led by Mr. Cherizier, the former policeman known as Barbecue who laid the flowers at Sunday’s ceremony.

Mr. Cherizier is on a U.S. Treasury Department blacklist for his role in organizing a 2018 attack on the La Saline slum that destroyed 400 houses and left at least 71 people dead, among other alleged atrocities. He is wanted on murder and other charges in Haiti.

But as head of the G-9, he is arguably the most powerful man in the capital, one who has political ambitions and periodically distributes food to slum dwellers as police look on.

The list of powerful gangs also includes the 400 Mawozo gang that abducted the American and Canadian missionaries in a suburb of Port-au-Prince.

Mawozo is a Creole word for someone from the countryside, or a country bumpkin. That gang’s leader, Wilson Joseph, is wanted by police on charges including murder and kidnapping. Mr. Joseph—whose nickname is Lanmò 100 JOU, which roughly means, “One never knows when death arrives”—has remained defiant.

“I know you national police are scared of me and you better be,” he said in a video posted online last month, surrounded by armed men. “I have bullets to shoot for a year.”

The gangs terrorize poor neighborhoods by carrying out massacres, rapes and extortion. Some 20,000 people in Port-au-Prince have fled their homes since June due to gang violence, according to the U.N.

Major transport routes that cut through that district were also barricaded by gangs, starving the city of fuel and food supplies.

In recent months, the 400 Mawozo gang has increasingly resorted to kidnappings for profit, targeting even foreigners.

Rev. Michel Briand, a Frenchman, was one of the five priests kidnapped by the 400 Mazowo gang in April. He spent 11 days in captivity before his release. Gang members appear to be ex-convicts who move in groups of 10 or 15 men and control a large rugged area full of thorn bushes and brush, he said.

“They stop groups of cars or buses and look for cellphones and money, anything they can get for passengers and then they let them go,” he said. “We were supposed to be released, but when they saw there were foreigners in the group, they changed plans.”

After spending a night sleeping in the open air on cardboard, eyes taped and hands bound, Father Briand and the other captives were taken to a two-room stable for animals where they stayed for another 10 days.

During their last five days in captivity, the victims, guarded by four or five people in shifts, received little food to eat to increase the pressure on them, Father Briand said. In the end guards relented and gave them bread and soup.

The kidnappers assured their captives “nothing will happen to you,” the priest said. “They seemed sure they would get the ransom because they had foreigners.” Referring to the captive missionaries, he said, “There will be a big sum in the end.”

Gangs have long been entrenched in Haiti, where they often had connections to powerful political parties and the economic elite, according to political scientists and human-rights groups.

But Haitians say the situation deteriorated after a devastating 2010 earthquake that killed some 200,000 people and fueled a surge in immigration.

The natural disaster weakened institutions to a point in which the government was unable to protect its citizens or provide basic public services such as security, said Manuel Orozco, an expert on migration and its causes.

“Haiti is practically like Somalia, where state failure makes these criminal organizations more visible on the streets,” said Mr. Orozco, who serves as director of the Center for Migration and Economic Stabilization, a U.S.-based think tank. “You just don’t have enforcement, there’s no one in between who would prevent these gangs from operating.”

For years, kidnappers mainly targeted local businessmen, doctors and students. That has changed in recent years with the emergence of the 400 Mawozo gang. Pierre Esperance, a leading human-rights advocate in Haiti, said 400 Mawozo and most other gangs have former and active police officers in their ranks.

“They are very powerful,” he said.

The 400 Mawozo got its start stealing livestock in the countryside near the border with the Dominican Republic before expanding to Croix-des-Bouquets, an eastern suburb of the capital, where it specialized in stealing cars.

The gang moved into kidnappings as the country’s political turmoil deepened during the administration of President Moïse.

The 400 Mawozo gang is trying to act as the government in the zone it controls, said a person who works to free kidnap victims in Haiti, funding itself mostly through kidnapping and by extorting businesses. “They want to build schools and dig wells,” the person said.

Louis-Henri Mars, director of the nonprofit Lakou Lape, said he has watched in dismay as 400 Mawozo have gone from rural cattle thieves to, in recent months, exporting fighters into the capital, setting up command posts in poor neighborhoods and pulling off mass kidnappings with impunity.

“This is like a narco FARC, or Boko Haram-style,” said Mr. Mars, referring to the Colombian and Nigerian rebel groups that have thrived from kidnappings.

Haiti Kidnap Gang Seeks $17 Million Ransom For Abducted American Missionaries

FBI and Haitian police are in contact with the kidnappers and seeking the release of the missionaries; victims include five children.

The Haitian gang that abducted a group of American and Canadian missionaries is asking for $1 million each for their release, a total of $17 million, a top Haitian official said on Monday.

Justice Minister Liszt Quitel said the FBI and Haitian police are in contact with the kidnappers and seeking the release of the missionaries, abducted last weekend just outside the capital Port-au-Prince by a gang called 400 Mawozo.

Among the missionaries are five children, Mr. Quitel said, one an 8-month baby and the others 3, 6, 14 and 15 years old.

President Biden has been briefed, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said Monday, and the FBI will help Haitian officials investigate the kidnapping and try to negotiate a release.

“The FBI is part of a coordinated U.S. government effort to get the U.S. citizens involved to safety,” she said.

Mr. Quitel said negotiations could take weeks.

“We are trying to get them released without paying any ransom,” said Mr. Quitel. “This is the first course of action. Let’s be honest: When we give them that money, that money is going to be used for more guns and more munitions.”

He said Haiti’s authorities are seeking an outcome similar to what followed the abduction in early April of a group of Catholic priests and nuns by the same gang. The five priests, two nuns and three of their relatives were released at the end of the month. Ransom was paid for just two of the priests, Mr. Quitel said.

“That would be the best outcome,” he said.

Mr. Quitel said the missionaries, members of Ohio-based Christian Aid Ministries, are being held right outside Croix-des-Bouquets, the suburb of Port-au-Prince controlled by 400 Mawazo and near where they were kidnapped by heavily armed men around midday on Saturday.

Kidnappings in the impoverished country, including targeting foreigners, have jumped in recent months amid the political chaos after the July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. Gangs control an increasing swath of the chronically unstable country.

Port-au-Prince came to a standstill on Monday after a national transportation union launched a strike supported by everyone from bank employees to human-rights organizations to protest the surge of kidnappings and lack of security.

Haitians in the city said schools, banks, restaurants and supermarkets were closed and nearby roads blocked by union members and ordinary citizens angry at the violence.

Changeux Mehu, the leader of the transportation union, said the strike could continue on Tuesday to pressure Prime Minister Ariel Henry’s government to improve security.

“If the prime minister can’t fulfill our demands, we will call on him to resign,” said Mr. Mehu. “We want the end of insecurity and the end of the kidnappings.”

The gang, 400 Mawozo, has increasingly turned to kidnapping for ransom in recent months, according to Haitian officials. Earlier this year, it kidnapped five priests and two nuns, including French nationals, who were held for three weeks before being released. It is unknown if ransom was paid.

Mawozo means “from the countryside” in Haitian Creole, reflecting the gang’s roots in the eastern district of Croix-des-Bouquets, where they began their activities by stealing cattle before moving into car theft and, more recently, kidnappings for ransom, according to Gédéon Jean of the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, a Port-au-Prince-based organization that tracks kidnappings in Haiti.

The Christian charity, which was founded by members of the Amish and Mennonite sects, said in a statement on Monday that Haitian and U.S. officials were aware of the situation and working to resolve it.

“We continue to monitor the situation closely and are in earnest prayer,” it said.

At the group’s headquarters in Berlin, Ohio, in a picturesque region of farms and Amish shops catering to tourists, the doors to the lobby were locked Monday and a sign said that it was closed as a result of the kidnapping and asking for prayers.

Wanda Cross, a 24-year-old Mennonite who lives near Minerva, Ohio, delivered donated clothes to the Christian Aid Ministries’ headquarters Monday.

Ms. Cross, who was born in Haiti and adopted by a Mennonite family in the U.S., said she was shocked to learn of the kidnappings, and that she knew one couple from Oregon.

“It’s very, very sad,” she said. “It makes me want to just go there and talk to these gangs.”

Ms. Cross said she visited her home country in April during what she described as a lull in the unrest there to see her birth mother and to visit a school. Two days after she returned to the U.S. in April, she said she learned of kidnappings at the time in the same areas in Haiti that she had visited.

Although Christian Aid Ministries is based in Berlin, most of the people on board the bus were from other Mennonite communities around the country, according to leaders in the local Amish and Mennonite community. One is believed to be from southern Ontario, Canada, which has a large Mennonite community.

All of the kidnap victims are Mennonites and not Amish, said Marcus Yoder, executive director of the Amish & Mennonite Heritage Center in Berlin.

Both Mennonites and Amish hold many beliefs in common, such as adult baptism, simplicity and following the teachings of Jesus, but the Mennonites drive cars and have electricity in their homes, unlike the Amish, who typically don’t.

Christian Aid Ministries was started in 1981 as an informal charity, shipping Christmas bundles and other items to Christians in Eastern Europe, and later created a formal organization called Christian Aid to Romania, focused on sending items to Romanian orphanages, according to Steve Nolt, senior scholar and professor of history at the Young Center at Elizabethtown College in Elizabethtown, Pa.

In early 1988, Christian Aid to Romania started sending donations to Nicaragua and Haiti, building on Amish-Mennonite mission contacts in those two countries, he said, and later to Liberia. The organization’s name then changed from Christian Aid to Romania to Christian Aid Ministries.

Haiti is one of about a dozen countries where Christian Aid Ministries has expatriate staff on the ground year round with local partners, said Dr. Nolt.

He said there are several Mennonite organizations doing work in Haiti, but they tend to work independently, coordinating with local officials, rather than other Mennonite organizations.

Updated: 10-21-2021

Jamaica Arrests Colombian As Suspect In Haiti Assassination, AP Reports

A police superintendent in Jamaica told The Associated Press on Thursday that authorities have arrested a Colombian man they believe is a suspect in the July 7 assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse.

Officials were still making calls to different embassies and ministers of foreign affairs to confirm details, Superintendent Stephanie Lindsay said.

She said police would release more information soon.

More than 40 suspects have been arrested so far in the presidential slaying, including 18 former Colombian soldiers and several Haitian police officers. Colombian authorities have said the majority of soldiers did not know the true nature of the operation.

Haitian authorities have said the mastermind behind the killing and the person or persons who financed it are still at large.

Police say they also are looking for other people accused of involvement in the killing, including a former Haitian senator and Joseph Badio, who once worked for Haiti’s Ministry of Justice and at the government’s anti-corruption unit until he was fired in May amid accusations of violating unspecified ethical rules.

Moïse was fatally shot at his private home in a pre-dawn attack in which his wife, Martine Moïse, was wounded.

The investigation into the killing has faced multiple obstacles and led to the dismissal of a justice minister and the chief prosecutor for the capital of Port-au-Prince.

The first judge assigned to oversee the investigation stepped down in August citing personal reasons. He left after one of his assistants died in unclear circumstances.

Court clerks who were helping investigate the killing also have gone into hiding after receiving death threats if they didn’t change certain names and statements in their reports.

The presidential killing shocked the nation of more than 11 million people and has deepened the country’s political instability, with protesters on Thursday calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Ariel Henry as they decried a spike in crime and demanded better living conditions.

Henry recently told AP that he expects to hold presidential and legislative elections next year.

Haiti Gang That Kidnapped U.S. Missionaries Threatens To Kill Them

400 Mawozo gang leader in video threatens to kill kidnapped missionaries if ransom isn’t paid.

The head of a Haitian gang holding 17 American and Canadian missionaries captive has threatened to kill them if a ransom isn’t paid, according to a video.

“I swear that if I don’t get what I want, I prefer to kill the Americans. I’ll put a bullet in each of their heads,” said Wilson Joseph, believed by Haitian officials to be the head of the 400 Mawozo gang that carried out the brazen mass kidnapping of 16 Americans and one Canadian.

The video was widely being shared on social media in Haiti on Thursday. The Wall Street Journal was unable to verify its authenticity.

Mr. Joseph appeared to be speaking in the video from a funeral on Wednesday of five of his fellow gang members, whose deaths he blamed on National Police Chief Leon Charles. It was unclear how or why the gang members were killed.

“Five soldiers fell but they won’t destroy an army. I’m going to pour blood,” he said.

Haitian police officials weren’t immediately available to comment on the accusation. But Prime Minister Ariel Henry’s office announced that Mr. Charles had resigned and been replaced by another top police official, Frantz Elbe.

A senior Haitian official said Mr. Charles’ resignation was due to his inability to guarantee the prime minister’s participation Sunday in a patriotic ceremony which was marred by gunfire from local gangs.

The missionaries were abducted last Saturday in an eastern suburb of the capital when armed members of the gang forcibly stopped a minibus carrying the men, women and children. The group, which includes an 8-month-old baby, was returning from a visit to a nearby orphanage.

Asked about the gang leader’s threat to kill the hostages, White House deputy press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said the Biden administration has been “relentlessly focused” on the kidnappings, while adding that U.S. officials from the State Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation were on the ground in Haiti.

Ms. Jean-Pierre said the U.S. government was in constant communication with the Haitian government and the church the missionaries belong to, and was working closely with the Haitian National Police to help build their capacity to deal with gangs.

“We will do everything that we can to help resolve the situation,” Ms. Jean-Pierre told reporters Thursday. “It’s a very challenging and long-term process. We’re focused on it, but is it absolutely essential that this security dynamic change if Haiti is going to make real progress.”

Mr. Charles, the police chief who quit, has been heavily criticized for his handling of the investigation into the assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse in July.

More than 44 people have been detained in the investigation, but no clear motive has emerged, and the first investigating judge in the case resigned after one of his clerks was killed. Other clerks have also gone into hiding after receiving death threats.

The kidnapping of the missionaries has only added to the sense of crisis in the country. Haiti is suffering through a wave of abductions and common crime driven by gangs that now control as much as two-thirds of the capital and country, according to some local human-rights groups.

The hostages are associated with Christian Aid Ministries, an Ohio-based charity set up by Mennonite and Amish and other conservative Christian sects. There was no immediate response by the charity to the threats.

Earlier on Thursday, Christian Aid Ministries held a press conference saying it was holding a day of fasting and prayer. The families of those being held hostage said in a public letter that they were praying for their family members as well as for the kidnappers.

“Thank you for your prayers on behalf of our family members who are being held hostage in Haiti,” the letter began. “God has given our loved ones the unique opportunity to live out Our Lord’s command to love our enemies.”

The missionaries and family members being held hostage are from Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Oregon and Ontario, Canada, and range in age from 8 months to 48 years old, said spokesman Weston Showalter. Five of the abductees are children, he added.

Haitian Justice Minister Liszt Quitel earlier this week said the gang is asking for $1 million for the release of each hostage, a total of $17 million.

Updated: 10-22-2021

Haiti Overwhelmed by Wave of Kidnappings

The 17 kidnapped missionaries are the latest group hit by gangs; rich, poor, locals and foreigners are all targets.

By the time Jean Eduver, a private chauffeur, left for work at dawn Wednesday in La Plaine, a flat stretch of shantytowns north of the Haitian capital, kidnappers had already hit his neighborhood multiple times.

Overnight, armed bandits broke into a woman’s nearby house, ransacked it and grabbed her 3-year-old child, he said. Another neighbor’s daughter, having just returned from the U.S., was also abducted. And in a neighboring village, kidnappers that morning stopped a young woman taking her two sisters to school and kidnapped all three, Mr. Eduver said.

As he drove to work, he heard a radio news report describing how armed bandits had broken into a home along one of Port-au-Prince’s main avenues and taken a 9-year-old.

“I’ve never seen Haiti at this level of insecurity,” Mr. Eduver, 51, said.

The kidnapping last week of 17 American and Canadian missionaries, a group that included four children and an 8-month-old baby, has put the spotlight on the country’s surging plague of kidnappings, which has overwhelmed a government already reeling from the July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse, and an earthquake in August that killed more than 2,200 people and devastated the nation’s south.

In a country divided by race, class and income, kidnapping has become the great equalizer, as violent gangs target residents of both mansions and hovels, and all classes, ages and walks of life.

“White, black, brown, rich or poor, old or young, everyone is a target,” Mr. Eduver said.

Doris Michel, a 34-year-old industrial psychologist, added: “They take children, they take merchants, they take the guy cleaning the street, there is not one person left untouched.”

Ms. Michel said she knows seven people who have been kidnapped this year, including two family members. Her 85-year-old father, a retired industrial engineer and U.S. Vietnam War veteran, spent a horrific 11 days in captivity last month before a ransom was paid and he was freed.

Ms. Michel believes the missionaries were taken to prove a point. “The (gangs) want to show they are omnipotent,” she said.

In the case of the multiple kidnappings in La Plaine on Wednesday, Haitian police conducted a raid and arrested six men who were allegedly involved.

Many of the kidnapped are working-class Haitians who returned home after years of hard work abroad. Mr. Eduver, the chauffeur, says that is what happened a month ago, when an elderly couple came to Port-au-Prince to check on the construction of a home they were building in La Plaine.

“The wife was kidnapped, and they demanded $400,000 for her release. Her husband eventually paid $25,000,” he said. “She was released, and they immediately returned to the U.S.”

A United Nations report presented to the General Assembly in September said kidnappings in Haiti had surged in the first eight months of the year to 328, surpassing the yearly figure of 234 recorded in 2020.

A local human-rights organization that keeps its own count says at least 782 people had been kidnapped through mid-October, compared with 796 during the whole of 2020. Of those, at least 53 were foreigners, the Center for the Analysis and Research on Human Rights said.

Gangs also appear to be targeting women and children more.

“Criminal gangs are using children as bargaining chips and making money off parents’ love for their children,” said Jean Gough’s Unicef’s regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean. The kidnapping of children has become a “lucrative business,” she said in a statement.

Across Port-au-Prince, terrified victims and their relatives tell similar stories of inhumane conditions, brutality and suffering.

A 20-year-old student said he was on his way to school in May when kidnappers from the 400 Mawozo gang, the same group that kidnapped the American and Canadian missionaries, grabbed him.

“They put a sack over my head and shoved me into a car, blindfolded me, and tied my hands,” said the student, whose voice broke as he remembered his experience. His feet were bound and he said he was blindfolded for his five days in captivity. He was beaten the whole time. “They made me scream,” he said, crying.

After his parents paid $1,500, he said, the kidnappers threw him out on a garbage dump in the middle of the night by the Croix-des-Bouquets police station. He has moved in with an uncle far from his home where he hopes he will be safe. “We have no money, nothing,” he said.

In recent months, members of the clergy have been a particular target. In April, five priests and two nuns, including French nationals, were abducted and held for 11 days by the 400 Mawozo.

That same month, gunmen abducted a Miami-based, high-ranking member of the Seventh-day Adventists and three other church members, police said. They were freed, but conditions for their release haven’t been disclosed.

On Sep. 26, heavily armed men burst into the First Baptist Church during its Sunday Mass services, killing Pastor Sylner LaFaille and kidnapping his wife, according to police. She was released several days later after a ransom was paid. Details of the ransom haven’t been disclosed.

Until recently, being a foreigner, especially American, provided a certain degree of protection from violence since criminals didn’t want to get on the wrong side of the U.S. But this has changed as gangs realize there are no consequences to kidnapping foreigners, said Ms. Michel, whose father, a dual Haitian-American, was kidnapped last month.

In late September, Roger Michel, 85, his driver and two friends were driving in the neighborhood of Martissant when a gunman armed with an automatic rifle forced the truck to stop. Four more armed men jumped in the back and took them to a safe house close by, his daughter recounted.

The kidnappers went through the belongings of their captives to get a feel for how much money to charge for their release. They let one of the people go, Ms. Michele said.

That same day, the kidnappers called Ms. Michel’s mother, demanding $6 million to release her husband. Long negotiations followed, which gradually brought down the price.

“They would say ‘You don’t want him back,’” she said. “We would say, ‘we don’t have that kind of money.’”

Ms. Michel’s father and his two companions were kept in a dark room and fed a small bowl of rice a day. They had no toilet paper. “They treated them like slaves,” she said.

Four days after Mr. Michel was kidnapped, the family sent a messenger to take ransom to a designated spot. The gang later said he never arrived. The process of negotiating began all over again. “It was horrible,” Ms. Michel said.

After seven more days, both sides reached a second agreement. Eventually, he was freed.

“I live in fear,” she said. “I remain angry, frustrated and numb.”

Updated: 10-29-2021

Haiti’s Powerful Gangs Hold Country Hostage Over Fuel

The country’s largest gang has blocked access to its largest fuel terminal, demanding the prime minister’s resignation.

Haitian gangs have kidnapped more and more people in recent months, including a group of 17 American and Canadian missionaries and their families currently being held for ransom. But now a powerful gang is trying something new: Holding the entire country hostage.

Since Sunday, Haiti’s largest gang has blocked access to the country’s largest fuel terminal, which provides 70% of gasoline supplies across the country, causing a severe shortage of fuel in the capital and several other cities, according to union leaders, government officials and gang members.

In a radio interview late Monday, Jimmy Cherizier, a former policeman who is the head of the so-called G9 coalition of criminal groups, said his men would prevent fuel from being distributed from the terminal until the government handed over $50 million and Prime Minister Ariel Henry stepped down.

“Ariel Henry resigns at 8, and at 8:05 the area can be freed so that tank trucks can load fuel,” said Mr. Cherizier. “Ours is a political fight. We are an armed political group.”

In a televised address early Friday, Mr. Henry, who hasn’t resigned, said the government is working to solve the fuel shortages, without providing further detail. He said his government wouldn’t negotiate with gangs.

“Let me be clear. All those who take the Haitian people hostage, who terrorize the population, are the enemies of the people,” he said.

The blockade of the fuel terminal by gangs is only the latest sign of spreading lawlessness in the impoverished country.

Gangs control roughly half to two-thirds of the capital, according to human rights groups, extorting businesses and kidnapping victims for ransom. In some cases, they are better armed and outnumber the police, according to Haitian officials.

“For some time now, the country has been facing a problem of security that has gained more and more each day,” Mr. Henry said. “Unfortunately, we have found that even some police are in cahoots with gangs…The state has lost total authority.”

Gangs are also kidnapping growing numbers of foreigners. The missionaries were abducted by a gang calling itself 400 Mawozo, a Creole term that roughly means the 400 country bumpkins, who are demanding $17 million in ransom and have threatened to kill the captives, which include five children, the youngest an eight month-old baby.

Adding to the sense of chaos, transport workers went on strike to protest the insecurity and lack of fuel, blocking streets with burning tires. The strike was called off on Wednesday after a week.

The lack of fuel and growing insecurity prompted healthcare workers to suspend vaccinations in a country where less than 1% of the population have received a single dose, said Jean William Pape, the executive director of GHESKIO, a Haitian medical center.

The G9 gang has been blocking the access and the outskirts of the Varreux terminal since Sunday. Residents have reported frequent gunfire in the area. When Haiti’s interior and justice minister visited the terminal on Wednesday, clad in a helmet and a bulletproof vest, he had to hastily leave after gangsters noticed his presence.

“Gasoline is not available in Haiti these days,” said Jacques Anderson Desroches, the head of a federation of transport unions, adding that “police cannot enter, armed groups do whatever they want.”

The increasing brazenness of the gangs has alarmed many residents.

“Gang leaders seem to have no limits. The police are not sufficiently equipped to counter the threats of these well-organized and well-equipped gangs,” said Thomas Lalime, an economist at the Institute of Sciences, Technologies and Advanced Studies of Haiti, a private college. “The ability of the state to restore order and security in the country without technical and financial support from the international community is clearly in doubt.”

Haitian officials acknowledge they are struggling to contain growing lawlessness, but haven’t unveiled a plan to fight the gangs and restore order. The U.S. is providing help to support the police with better training, wages, capabilities and technology.

Amid this year’s crisis, the U.S. provided an additional $50 million for the police on top of the recurring $10 million, according to the interior and justice minister.

One of the world’s poorest countries, Haiti has been engulfed in a major political and security crisis since July, when Haiti’s president Jovenel Moïse was killed in a still unsolved murder. In turn, the government of Mr. Henry, who assumed office with the main goal of holding new elections, is weak.

Haiti disbanded its army in 1995 after a military coup. The country re-established it in 2017, but with a largely symbolic role; it has just 500 members, according to U.N. figures.

The national police are responsible for security, but there are just under 15,000 policemen. By comparison, most of the nearly 200 gangs operating in Haiti each have between 100 and 200 members or even more, said Gédéon Jean, the director of Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, a local nonprofit.

The blockade of the fuel terminal and challenge to Mr. Henry was an unprecedented display of strength from Mr. Cherizier, who has been accused of extreme violence.

According to the U.S. Treasury Department, he planned and participated in a 2018 attack on residents of La Saline, a poor neighborhood, many of whom were allegedly targeted for their supposed affiliation to other gangs. Some 71 people were killed, over 400 houses were destroyed, and at least seven women were raped by armed gangs.

Gangs grew in power under the presidency of Mr. Moïse. A close aide to the late president was accused by the U.S. Treasury Department of being the mastermind of the La Saline massacre.

“These gangs, with the support of some Haitian politicians, repress political dissent in Port-au-Prince neighborhoods known to participate in antigovernment demonstrations,” said the department in a 2020 statement to announce sanctions to human rights abusers in Haiti and other countries.

The country’s public finances remain extremely weak. Tax revenue represents just 5.6% of the gross domestic product, one of the lowest rates in Latin America, according to Haiti’s budget.

Committed foreign assistance for 2021—mainly coming from the U.S., the United Nations and the Inter-American Development Bank—accounted for nearly 15% of the $1.9 billion budget.

Haitian migrants, meanwhile, sent $3.3 billion in remittances last year, more than half of the country’s GDP, Mr. Lalime said, most of it coming from the U.S., Canada and France. “Transfers from Haitian diaspora are the most important factor to keep the country alive,” he said.

Updated: 11-21-2021

Two of 17 Missionaries Kidnapped In Haiti Are Released

Ohio-based missionary group says the two released hostages are in good spirits.

Two of the 17 U.S. and Canadian missionaries kidnapped in Haiti last month have been released, the missionary group said on Sunday.

Christian Aid Ministries, the Berlin, Ohio-based group, said in a statement that it could neither provide nor confirm the identities of the two people released, the reasons for their release or their whereabouts.

The two “are safe, in good spirits, and are being cared for,” the group said. “We ask that those who have more specific information about the release and the individuals involved would safeguard that information.”

National Police spokesman Garry Desrosiers confirmed the release but couldn’t provide further details.

A State Department spokesperson said it welcomed reports that “two individuals held hostage in Haiti have been released.”

Sixteen Americans and a Canadian, including five children, were abducted last month by a gang known as the 400 Mawozo, or 400 country bumpkins. At the time of the kidnapping, one of the children was eight months old, and the others were 3, 6, 14 and 15 years old.

Haitian officials said at the time that the gang demanded a ransom of $1 million per person. The leader of the gang said in a video posted last month on YouTube that he was willing to kill the hostages, if his demands weren’t met.

“I think the release of these two people is a good sign [that all captives may be eventually released].

Negotiations were expected to be complex because of the kidnappers’ high demands,” said Gédéon Jean, the director of the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, a nonprofit specialized on tracking kidnappings in Haiti.

He said kidnappers may have released just two of them for humanitarian reasons, in case there were some ill people among the hostages. The release could also be their way to show goodwill once a payment is made, among other possible reasons, he said.

Mr. Jean said that never before has a group of foreign hostages been kidnapped for so long in Haiti, likely because the kidnappers are demanding a very high amount of money per person.

The release comes as the country, one of the world’s poorest, is going through one of the worst political and economic crises in its history. Nearly 200 criminal gangs control more than half of the nation’s territory, and a wave of kidnappings has terrified ordinary Haitians.

Gangsters are increasingly flaunting their power in the face of a weak government hobbled by the murky assassination in July of President Jovenel Moïse, whose murder remains unresolved. Prime Minister Ariel Henry is leading a caretaker government.

For a month, a powerful coalition of gangs, called G9, in the capital, Port-au-Prince, blocked access to the country’s main fuel terminal, leading to fuel shortages all across the country. The gang’s leader, Jimmy “Barbecue” Cherizier, demanded money and the resignation of Mr. Henry in exchange for releasing the fuel.

On Nov. 12, Mr. Cherizier announced a truce to allow tank truckers to load fuel again at the terminal, and gasoline started to be distributed, easing a dire situation that had put the country at the brink of energy collapse.

President Biden has flatly ruled out any military intervention in Haiti but has ramped up financial and technical assistance to the embattled Caribbean country, senior Haitian officials say. Since Mr. Moïse’s assassination, the U.S. has funneled some $50 million to improve the training and capabilities of the national police.

Agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation were sent to Haiti by the Biden administration to help with the recovery of the missionaries.

Earlier this month, the U.S. and Canadian governments urged their citizens to leave the country. Immigration experts say that Haiti’s deteriorating economy and descent into violence will likely fuel increased migration to the U.S.

Some 1,500 Haitians were detained at sea while heading to the U.S. in fiscal year 2021, which ended in September, more than three times the number during the previous year.

Updated: 12-16-2021

Remaining Kidnapped U.S. Missionaries Freed by Haitian Gang

U.S. missionary group and Haitian police say a dozen hostages were released and are safe; five others were let go in recent weeks.

Haitian kidnappers released the remaining 12 missionaries who were abducted two months ago, the U.S. missionary group and Haitian officials said Thursday, ending a long hostage drama that brought to light an epidemic of kidnappings in Haiti by powerful criminal gangs.

“We glorify God for answered prayer—the remaining 12 hostages are FREE!,” the Ohio-based Christian Aid Ministries said in a statement posted on its website. “All 17 of our loved ones are now safe.”

The hostages—16 Americans and one Canadian, including five children—were abducted in October by a gang known as the 400 Mawozo, or 400 country bumpkins.

At the time of the kidnapping, the children ranged in age from eight months to 15 years old. Five of the hostages were released in recent weeks, the missionary group said.

The gang had demanded a ransom of $1 million per person, Haitian officials have said. The alleged gang leader said in a video posted on YouTube that he was willing to kill the hostages if his demands weren’t met.

It was unclear if any ransom was paid. Haitian analysts said they didn’t think the gang would have released hostages without payment.

Frantz Elbé, the head of the Haitian national police, confirmed the hostages had been freed but declined to provide additional details. The Federal Bureau of Investigation didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.

The U.S. Embassy in Haiti declined to comment. The Biden administration had sent FBI agents to Haiti to help secure the release of the hostages.

“We welcome reports that they are free and getting the care that they need after their ordeal,” said deputy White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre. President Biden has received daily updates since the missionaries were abducted, she said.

Local residents found the 12 hostages alone early Thursday morning near Morne à Cabrit, some 13 miles north of Titanyen, where the mission’s headquarters are located, a senior Haitian police officer said. The missionaries were abducted in mid-October.

The residents found the hostages in good condition and immediately alerted police. The senior police official said he didn’t know whether any ransom had been paid. Seven men, four women and a teenager made up the group freed Thursday, the senior police official said.

The release ends an international political headache for the Biden administration and is welcome news for Haiti, one of the world’s poorest nations.

The country has been undergoing one of the worst political and economic crises in its history since the assassination of its president, Jovenel Moïse, in July. The investigation into Mr. Moïse’s killing appears to have stalled.

Nearly 200 criminal gangs control more than half the nation’s territory. Gangs have kidnapped hundreds of Haitians, sparing neither poor nor rich and terrifying the nation since the assassination.

At least 41 U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents have been kidnapped for ransom in Haiti this year, according to Brian Nichols, the top State Department official for the Western Hemisphere.

In the case of the missionaries, a ransom was likely paid, said Gédéon Jean, the head of the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, a Port-au-Prince-based organization that tracks kidnappings. He said that in every case since 1973 in which an American has been kidnapped, a ransom is believed to have been paid.

“They would not release them without payment,” said Pierre Esperance, the director of the Haitian National Human Rights Defense Network, an advocacy group.

Mr. Jean said the possible failing health of the hostages from hardships they faced in captivity may also have played a role in their release. “The 400 Mawozo know they can’t afford for a single American hostage to die,” he said. “They know that if they cross that line, the U.S. reaction will be fierce.”

The 400 Mawozo gang operates in an 8-square-mile zone with plenty of places to stash captives, said Alexander Galvez, Dominican-Haitian journalist and radio talk show host who was kidnapped by the gang in late November and held for nine days.

He described the details of his captivity in an interview last week on Dominican TV station Telemicro just after his release.

The kidnappers use military rank among themselves and operate like a military unit, he said, adding that they boast sophisticated communications equipment and weaponry.

“They have everything. Luxury cars, a lot of space and money,” Mr. Galvez said in the television interview.

Mr. Galvez said he was abducted by eight armed kidnappers, four of whom were in a car with diplomatic plates. He said his feet and hands were bound during captivity.

He was allowed to bathe once a day, and fed twice a day, spaghetti in the morning and rice at night.

Kidnappers telephoned his family and demanded one million Haitian gourdes, or about $10,000, for his release. The family eventually paid an undisclosed sum.

Mr. Jean said at least 803 people have been abducted in Haiti this year through the end of October, including 54 foreigners. A person who works to resolve kidnapping cases in Haiti said about 20 people a day are currently being abducted.

If there are no arrests in the kidnappings of the missionaries, abductions—especially those targeting foreigners—are likely to increase further, analysts said.

Aside from kidnappings for ransom, criminal gangs exert their strength in other ways.

Earlier this fall, a coalition of gangs called G9 blocked access to Haiti’s main fuel terminal, causing devastating shortages across the country.

Hospitals and other institutions had to drastically cut back their operations, and the price of gasoline shot up to $25 a gallon. Jimmy Cherizier—a former police officer also known as Barbecue who heads G9—eventually lifted the blockade.

Earlier this month, the U.S. and Canadian governments urged their citizens to leave the country. Immigration experts say Haiti’s deteriorating economy and descent into violence will likely fuel increased migration to the U.S.

Some 1,500 Haitians were detained at sea while heading to the U.S. in fiscal year 2021, which ended in September, more than three times the number during the previous year.

Mr. Biden has flatly ruled out any military intervention in Haiti, a country of more than 11 million people, but has ramped up financial and technical assistance to the embattled Caribbean country, senior Haitian officials say.

Since Mr. Moïse’s assassination, the U.S. has funneled some $50 million to improve the training and capabilities of the national police.

Updated: 12-20-2021

Captive Missionaries In Haiti Made Daring Escape

Captive missionaries in Haiti found freedom last week by making a daring overnight escape, eluding their kidnappers and walking for miles over difficult, moonlit terrain with an infant and other children in tow, according to the agency they work for, officials said Monday.

The group of 12 navigated by stars to reach safety after a two-month kidnapping ordeal, officials with the Christian Aid Ministries, the Ohio-based agency that the captive missionaries work for, said Monday at a press conference.

The detailed accounting of their journey to safety comes after news Thursday that the missionaries were free.

A total of 17 people from the missionary group — 12 adults and five minors — were abducted Oct. 16 shortly after visiting an orphanage in Ganthier, in the Croix-des-Bouquets area, where they verified it had received aid from CAM and played with the children, CAM has said. The group included 16 Americans and one Canadian.

Their captors from the 400 Mawozo gang initially demanded millions of dollars in ransom. Five other captives had earlier reached freedom. It is still unclear if any ransom was paid.

CAM General Director David Troyer did say supporters of CAM raised funds for possible use for a ransom, but he refused to say whether one was paid for any of the releases.

The 12 who fled last week carried the infant and 3-year-old, wrapping the baby to protect her from the briars and brambles, said CAM spokesman Weston Showalter.

“After a number of hours of walking, day began to dawn and they eventually found someone who helped to make a phone call for help,” he said, his voice beginning to choke. “They were finally free.”

The 12 were flown to Florida on a U.S. Coast Guard flight, and later reunited with five hostages who were released earlier.

CAM displayed photos at the news conferences showing the freed hostages being reunited, along with a video of the group singing a song that had inspired them during their captivity.

The missionaries were taken hostage on their way back from the orphanage on the afternoon of Oct. 16.

“They had no idea what was ahead of them,” Showalter said. Only five or 10 minutes after getting underway, they saw a roadblock up ahead.

The group’s driver – the one Canadian in the group — turned around, but a pickup truck pursued them, and “gang members surrounded the van,” CAM spokesman Weston Showalter said. He said early reports that the driver was a Haitian national were not accurate.

He said they were initially crowded into a small room in a house, but were moved around several times during their captivity.

They were not physically harmed by the kidnappers, Showalter said. He said the main physical challenges included the heat, mosquitoes and contaminated water for bathing, which led some of them to develop sores. Sometimes the young children got sick.

However, he said everyone appears to have emerged from captivity in good health.

The adults received small food portions, such as rice and beans for dinner, although the captors provided plenty of food suitable for the small children, he said.

The hostages gathered multiple times during the day for prayer and religious devotions, and sometimes singing loud enough for each other to hear when they were in separate rooms, Showalter said.

They also sought to encourage other hostages who were being held for ransom in separate kidnappings, Showalter said.

Over time, the hostages agreed to try to escape, and chose the night of Dec. 15 to flee.

“When they sensed the timing was right, they found a way to open the door that was closed and blocked, filed silently to the path they had chosen to follow, and quickly left the place they were held, despite the fact that numerous guards were close by,” Showalter said.

Based in Berlin, Ohio, CAM is supported and staffed by conservative Anabaptists, a range of Mennonite, Amish and related groups whose hallmarks include nonresistance to evil, plain dress and separation from mainstream society.

None of the freed hostages were at the press conference. They came from Amish, Mennonite, and other Anabaptist communities in Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Oregon, and Ontario, according to CAM.

After the news conference, a group of CAM employees stood and sang, “Nearer My God to Thee” in the robust, four-part acapella harmony that is a signature of conservative Anabaptist worship.

Updated: 1-25-2022

Coinbase Joins NGO’s Efforts Using Crypto To Help Haitians Impacted By Earthquakes, Civil Unrest

Affected individuals should be able to use the digital funds for goods and services at more than 30 participating merchants in Haiti, with the option for vendors to cash out.

Major crypto exchange Coinbase has given a $150,000 grant to Hope for Haiti as part of a pilot program aimed at providing financial assistance to Haitians experiencing social and economic hardship.

In a Tuesday announcement, Hope for Haiti said Coinbase would be making the $150,000 contribution to its pilot project with financial inclusion-driven firm Emerging Impact and the Celo Foundation. According to Celo, the project utilizes the Celo Dollar (cUSD) and Emerging Impact’s Umoja platform to provide cash-based assistance to mothers affected by some of the traumatic events in the Caribbean nation.

Haiti has been struck by four major earthquakes in the last 12 years, including a magnitude 5.3 quake on Monday, which reportedly left two people dead and 200 homes destroyed.

However, the island nation’s capital city of Port-au-Prince was also significantly damaged by a magnitude 7 earthquake in 2010, followed by prolonged civil unrest that was, in part, connected to the current pandemic and the assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse in July.

Coinbase’s charitable arm, Coinbase Giving, provided the funds to be used for the benefit of roughly 1,500 Haitian people — those families with children enrolled in Hope for Haiti’s community nutrition program.

The impacted individuals should be able to use the funds for goods and services at more than 30 participating merchants in Haiti, with the option for the vendors to cash out the digital funds using local money management service MonCash.

“This initiative with Hope for Haiti and Emerging Impact is particularly exciting because of how it uses blockchain-based technology to promote more efficient and effective giving, hopefully serving as an inspiration for ideas across the cryptoeconomy and philanthropic sectors,” said Coinbase Giving’s head Dominique Baillet.

Many individuals and charitable organizations have employed crypto as a means of getting money into the hands of those who need it most following a natural disaster or are in a country experiencing political turmoil.

After many in the Philippines were displaced or injured following typhoon Rai hitting the region in December 2021, the play-to-earn gaming group Yield Guild Games raised $1.4 million to help victims. Similarly, in the wake of the Texas Winter Storm in February 2021, some local disaster relief groups announced they would be accepting crypto donations.


Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,
Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,
Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,Haiti’s President Moise Assassinated,


Related Articles:

Bitcoin Information & Resources (#GotBitcoin?)

The Argentine River That Carries Soybeans To World Is Drying Up

A Harvard Deal Tries To Break The Charmed Circle Of White Wealth

China Three-Child Policy Aims To Rejuvenate Aging Population

California Wants Its Salton Sea Located In The Imperial Valley To Be ‘Lithium Valley’

Who Will Win The Metaverse? Not Mark Zuckerberg or Facebook

The Biggest Challenge For Crypto Exchanges Is Global Price Fragmentation

London Block Exchange – LBX Buy, Sell & Trade Cryptocurrencies?

Chicago World’s Fair Of Money To Unveil A Private Coin Collection Worth Millions of Dollars

Bitcoin Dominance On The Rise Once Again As Crypto Market Rallies

Uruguayan Senator Introduces Bill To Enable Use Of Crypto For Payments

Talen Energy Investors Await Update From The Top After Pivot To Crypto

Ultimate Resource On Hydrogen And Green Hydrogen As Alternative Energy

Covid Made The Chief Medical Officer A C-Suite Must

When Will Stocks Drop? Watch Profit Margins (And Get Nervous)

Behind The Rise Of U.S. Solar Power, A Mountain of Chinese Coal

‘Buy Now, Pay Later’ Installment Plans Are Having A Moment AgainUS Crypto Traders Evade Offshore Exchange Bans

5 Easy Ways Crypto Investors Can Make Money Without Needing To Trade

What’s A ‘Pingdemic’ And Why Is The U.K. Having One?

“Crypto-Property:” Ohio Court Says Crypto-Currency Is Personal Property Under Homeowners’ Policy

Retinal And/Or Brain Photon Emissions

Antibiotic Makers Concede In The War On Superbugs (#GotColloidalSilver)

What It Takes To Reconnect Black Communities Torn Apart by Highways

Dr Klinghardt Connects The Negative Health Risks & Dangers Of Wi-Fi, EMR/EMF’s And The Gut Microbiome

Those Probiotics May Actually Be Hurting Your ‘Gut Health’ We’re Not Prepared To Live In This Surveillance Society

How To Create NFTs On The Bitcoin Blockchain

World Health Organization Forced Valium Into Israeli And Palestinian Water Supply

Blockchain Fail-Safes In Space: Spacechain, Blockstream And Cryptosat

What Is A Digital Nomad And How Do You Become One?

Flying Private Is Cheaper Than You Think — Here Are 6 Airlines To Consider For Your Next Flight

What Hackers Can Learn About You From Your Social-Media Profile

How To Protect Your Online Privacy While Working From Home

Rising Diaper Prices Prompt States To Get Behind Push To Pay

Want To Invest In Cybersecurity? Here Are Some ETFs To Consider

US Drops Visa Fraud Cases Against Five Chinese Researchers

Risks To Great Barrier Reef Could Thwart Tycoon’s Coal Plans

The Super Rich Are Choosing Singapore As The World’s Safest Haven

What Is Long COVID (PASC)?

Jack Dorsey Advocates Ending Police Brutality In Nigeria Through Bitcoin

Psychedelics Replace Pot As The New Favorite Edgy Investment

Who Gets How Much: Big Questions About Reparations For Slavery

US City To Pay Reparations To African-American Community With Tax On Marijuana Sales

Slaveowners Got Reparations For Financial Loss After Emancipation. Enslaved African-Americans Got Nothing

Crypto-Friendly Investment Search Engine Vincent Raises $6M

Trading Firm Of Richest Crypto Billionaire Reveals Buying ‘A Lot More’ Bitcoin Below $30K

Bitcoin Security Still A Concern For Some Institutional Investors

Weaponizing Blockchain — Vast Potential, But Projects Are Kept Secret

China Is Pumping Money Out Of The US With Bitcoin

Tennessee City Wants To Accept Property Tax Payments In Bitcoin

Currency Experts Say Cryptonotes, Smart Banknotes And Cryptobanknotes Are In Our Future

Housing Insecurity Is Now A Concern In Addition To Food Insecurity

Food Insecurity Driven By Climate Change Has Central Americans Fleeing To The U.S.

Eco Wave Power Global (“EWPG”) Is A Leading Onshore Wave Energy Technology Company

How And Why To Stimulate Your Vagus Nerve!

Green Finance Isn’t Going Where It’s Needed

Shedding Some Light On The Murky World Of ESG Metrics

SEC Targets Greenwashers To Bring Law And Order To ESG

Spike Lee’s TV Ad For Crypto Touts It As New Money For A Diverse World

Bitcoin Network Node Count Sets New All-Time High

Tesla Needs The Bitcoin Lightning Network For Its Autonomous ‘Robotaxi’ Fleet

How To Buy Bitcoin: A Guide To Investing In The Cryptocurrency

How Crypto is Primed To Transform Movie Financing

Paraguayan Lawmakers To Present Bitcoin Bill On July 14

Bitcoin’s Biggest Hack In History: 184.4 Billion Bitcoin From Thin Air

Paul Sztorc On Measuring Decentralization Of Nodes And Blind Merge Mining

Reality Show Is Casting Crypto Users Locked Out Of Their Wallets

EA, Other Videogame Companies Target Mobile Gaming As Pandemic Wanes

Strike To Offer ‘No Fee’ Bitcoin Trading, Taking Aim At Coinbase And Square

Coinbase Reveals Plans For Crypto App Store Amid Global Refocus

Mexico May Not Be Following El Salvador’s Example On Bitcoin… Yet

What The Crypto Crowd Doesn’t Understand About Economics

My Local Crypto Space Just Got Raided By The Feds. You Know The Feds Scared Of Crypto

My Local Crypto Space Just Got Raided By The Feds. You Know The Feds Scared Of Crypto

Bitcoin Slumps Toward Another ‘Crypto Winter’

NYC’s Mayoral Frontrunner Pledges To Turn City Into Bitcoin Hub

Lyn Alden On Bitcoin, Inflation And The Potential Coming Energy Shock

$71B In Crypto Has Reportedly Passed Through ‘Blockchain Island’ Malta Since 2017

Startups Race Microsoft To Find Better Ways To Cool Data Centers

Why PCs Are Turning Into Giant Phones

Panama To Present Crypto-Related Bill In July

Hawaii Had Largest Increase In Demand For Crypto Out Of US States This Year

What To Expect From Bitcoin As A Legal Tender

Petition: Satoshi Nakamoto Should Receive The Nobel Peace Prize

Can Bitcoin Turbo-Charge The Asset Management Industry?

Bitcoin Interest Drops In China Amid Crackdown On Social Media And Miners

Multi-trillion Asset Manager State Street Launches Digital Currency Division

Wall Street’s Crypto Embrace Shows In Crowd At Miami Conference

MIT Bitcoin Experiment Nets 13,000% Windfall For Students Who Held On

Petition: Let’s Make Bitcoin Legal Tender For United States of America

El Salvador Plans Bill To Adopt Bitcoin As Legal Tender

What Is Dollar Cost Averaging Bitcoin?

Paxful Launches Tool Allowing Businesses To Receive Payment In Bitcoin

CEOs Of Top Russian Banks Sberbank And VTB Blast Bitcoin

President of El Salvador Says He’s Submitting Bill To Make Bitcoin Legal Tender

Bitcoin Falls As Weibo Appears To Suspend Some Crypto Accounts

Israel-Gaza Conflict Spurs Bitcoin Donations To Hamas

Bitcoin Bond Launch Brings Digital Currency Step Closer To ‘World Of High Finance’

Worst Month For BTC Price In 10 Years: 5 Things To Watch In Bitcoin

Networks vs. Governments: Could Crypto-Powered Digital Communities Challenge the Power of Cities and States?

Bitcoin Card Game Bitopoly Launches

Carbon-Neutral Bitcoin Funds Gain Traction As Investors Seek Greener Crypto

Ultimate Resource On The Bitcoin Mining Council

Libertarian Activists Launch Bitcoin Embassy In New Hampshire

Why The Bitcoin Crash Was A Big Win For Cryptocurrencies

Treasury Calls For Crypto Transfers Over $10,000 To Be Reported To IRS

Crypto Traders Can Automate Legal Requests With New DoNotPay Services

Bitcoin Marches Away From Crypto Pack In Show of Resiliency

NBA Top Shot Lawsuit Says Dapper’s NFTs Need SEC Clampdown

Maximalists At The Movies: Bitcoiners Crowdfunding Anti-FUD Documentary Film

Caitlin Long Reveals The ‘Real Reason’ People Are Selling Crypto

Microsoft Quietly Closing Down Azure Blockchain In September

How Much Energy Does Bitcoin Actually Consume?

Bitcoin Should Be Priced In Sats And How Do We Deliver This Message

Bitcoin Loses 6% In An Hour After Tesla Drops Payments Over Carbon Concerns

Crypto Twitter Decodes Why Zuck Really Named His Goats ‘Max’ And ‘Bitcoin’

Bitcoin Pullback Risk Rises As Whales Resume Selling

Thiel-Backed Injects Billions In Crypto Exchange

Sequoia, Tiger Global Boost Crypto Bet With Start-up Lender Babel

Here’s How To Tell The Difference Between Bitcoin And Ethereum

In Crypto, Sometimes The Best Thing You Can Do Is Nothing

Crypto Community Remembers Hal Finney’s Contributions To Blockchain On His 65Th Birthday

DJ Khaled ft. Nas, JAY-Z & James Fauntleroy And Harmonies Rap Bitcoin Wealth

The Two Big Themes In The Crypto Market Right Now

Crypto Could Still Be In Its Infancy, Says T. Rowe Price’s CEO

Governing Body Of Louisiana Gives Bitcoin Its Nod Of Approval

Sports Athletes Getting Rich From Bitcoin

Behind Bitcoin’s Recent Slide: Imploding Bets And Forced Liquidations

Bad Omen? US Dollar And Bitcoin Are Both Slumping In A Rare Trend

Wall Street Starts To See Weakness Emerge In Bitcoin Charts

Crypto For The Long Term: What’s The Outlook?

Mix of Old, Wrong And Dubious ‘News/FUD’ Scares Rookie Investors, Fuels Crypto Selloff

Wall Street Pays Attention As Bitcoin Market Cap Nears The Valuation Of Google

Bitcoin Price Drops To $52K, Liquidating Almost $10B In Over-Leveraged Longs

Bitcoin Funding Rates Crash To Lowest Levels In 7 Months, Peak Fear?

Investors’ On-Chain Activity Hints At Bitcoin Price Cycle Top Above $166,000

This Vegan Billionaire Disrupted The Crypto Markets. Now He Wants To Tokenize Stocks

Texas Crypto Law Proposal Has One Major Flaw In Regards To Bitcoin Loans/Liens Says Caitlin Long, CEO

Black Americans Are Embracing Bitcoin To Make Up For Stolen Time

Rap Icon Nas Could Net $100M When Coinbase Lists on Nasdaq

The First Truly Native Cross-Chain DEX Is About To Go Live

Reminiscing On Past ‘Bitcoin Faucet’ Website That Gave Away 19,700 BTC For Free

Bitcoin Nears Record Before Largest U.S. Crypto Exchange Coinbase Nears $100 Billion Valuation Listing

3X As Many Crypto Figures Make It Onto Forbes 2021 Billionaires List As Last Year

Bubble Or A Drop In The Ocean? Putting Bitcoin’s $1 Trillion Milestone Into Perspective

Pension Funds And Insurance Firms Alive To Bitcoin Investment Proposal

Here’s Why April May Be The Best Month Yet For Bitcoin Price

Blockchain-Based Renewable Energy Marketplaces Gain Traction In 2021

Crypto Firms Got More Funding Last Quarter Than In All of 2020

Government-Backed Bitcoin Hash Wars Will Be The New Space Race

Lars Wood On Enhanced SAT Solvers Based Hashing Method For Bitcoin Mining

Morgan Stanley Adds Bitcoin Exposure To 12 Investment Funds

One BTC Will Be Worth A Lambo By 2022, And A Bugatti By 2023: Kraken CEO

Rocketing Bitcoin Price Provides Refuge For The Brave

Bitcoin Is 3rd Largest World Currency

Does BlockFi’s Risk Justify The Reward?

Crypto Media Runs With The Bulls As New Entrants Compete Against Established Brands

Bitcoin’s Never-Ending Bubble And Other Mysteries

The Last Dip Is The Deepest As Wife Leaves Husband For Buying More Bitcoin Raises $300 Million As Investors Find Other Ways Into Bitcoin

Crypto Kids Camp

What Is BitClout? The Social Media Experiment Sparking Controversy On Twitter

Bitcoin Searches In Turkey Spike 566% After Turkish Lira Drops 14%

Crypto Is Banned In Morocco, But Bitcoin Purchases Are Soaring

Bitcoin Can Be Sent With A Tweet As Bottlepay Twitter App Goes Live

Rise of Crypto Market’s Quiet Giants Has Big Market Implications

Canadian Property Firm Buys Bitcoin In Hopes Of Eventually Scrapping Condo Fees

Bitcoin Price Gets Fed Boost But Bond Yields Could Play Spoilsport: Analysts

Bank of America Claims It Costs Just $93 Million To Move Bitcoin’s Price By 1%

Would A US Wealth Tax Push Millionaires To Bitcoin Adoption?

NYDIG Head Says Major Firms Will Announce Bitcoin ‘Milestones’ Next Week

Signal Encrypted Messenger Now Accepts Donations In Bitcoin

Bitcoin Is Now Worth More Than Visa And Mastercard Combined

Retail Bitcoin Customers Rival Wall Street Buyers As Mania Builds

Crypto’s Rising. So Are The Stakes For Governments Everywhere

Bitcoin Falls After Weekend Rally Pushes Token To Fresh Record

Oakland A’s Major League Baseball Team Now Accepts Bitcoin For Suites

Students In Georgia Set To Be Taught About Crypto At High School

What You Need To Know About Bitcoin Now

Bitcoin Winning Streak Now At 7 Days As Fresh Stimulus Keeps Inflation Bet Alive

Bitcoin Intraday Trading Pattern Emerges As Institutions Pile In

If 60/40 Recipe Sours, Maybe Stir In Some Bitcoin

Explaining Bitcoin’s Speculative Attack On The Dollar

VIX-Like Gauge For Bitcoin Sees Its First-Ever Options Trade

A Utopian Vision Gets A Blockchain Twist In Nevada

Crypto Influencers Scramble To Recover Twitter Accounts After Suspensions

Bitcoin Breaks Through $57,000 As Risk Appetite Revives

Analyzing Bitcoin’s Network Effect

US Government To Sell 0.7501 Bitcoin Worth $38,000 At Current Prices

Pro Traders Avoid Bitcoin Longs While Cautiously Watching DXY Strengthen

Bitcoin Hits Highest Level In Two Weeks As Big-Money Bets Flow

OG Status In Crypto Is A Liability

Bridging The Bitcoin Gender Gap: Crypto Lets Everyone Access Wealth

HODLing Early Leads To Relationship Troubles? Redditors Share Their Stories

Want To Be Rich? Bitcoin’s Limited Supply Cap Means You Only Need 0.01 BTC

You Can Earn 6%, 8%, Even 12% On A Bitcoin ‘Savings Account’—Yeah, Right

Egyptians Are Buying Bitcoin Despite Prohibitive New Banking Laws

Is March Historically A Bad Month For Bitcoin?

Suze Orman: ‘I love Bitcoin’

Bitcoin Falls 4% As Fed’s Powell Sees ‘Concern’ Over Rising Bond Yields

US Retailers See Millions In Lost Sales Due To Port Congestion, Shortage Of Containers

Pandemic-Relief Aid Boosts Household Income Which Causes Artificial Economic Stimulus

YouTube Suspends CoinDesk’s Channel Over Unspecified Violations

It’s Gates Versus Musk As World’s Richest Spar Over Bitcoin

Charlie Munger Is Sure Bitcoin Will Fail To Become A Global Medium Of Exchange

Bitcoin Is Minting Thousands Of Crypto ‘Diamond Hands’ Millionaires Complete W/Laser Eyes

Federal Reserve’s Wire & ACH Systems Go Down, Visa & Mastercard Raise Fees, Meanwhile, Bitcoin Works Just Fine

Dubai’s IBC Group Pledges 100,000 Bitcoin ($4.8 Billion) 20% Of All Bitcoin, Largest So Far

Bitcoin’s Value Is All In The Eye Of The ‘Bithodler’

Bitcoin Is Hitting Record Highs. Why It’s Not Too Late To Dig For Digital Gold

$56.3K Bitcoin Price And $1Trillion Market Cap Signal BTC Is Here To Stay

Christie’s Auction House Will Now Accept Cryptocurrency

Why A Chinese New Year Bitcoin Sell-Off Did Not Happen This Year

The US Federal Reserve Will Adopt Bitcoin As A Reserve Asset

Motley Fool Adding $5M In Bitcoin To Its ‘10X Portfolio’ — Has A $500K Price Target

German Cannabis Company Hedges With Bitcoin In Case Euro Crashes

Bitcoin: What To Know Before Investing

China’s Cryptocurrency Stocks Left Behind In Bitcoin Frenzy

Bitcoin’s Epic Run Is Winning More Attention On Wall Street

Bitcoin Jumps To $50,000 As Record-Breaking Rally Accelerates

Bitcoin’s Volatility Should Burn Investors. It Hasn’t

Bitcoin’s Latest Record Run Is Less Volatile Than The 2017 Boom

Blockchain As A Replacement To The MERS (Mortgage Electronic Registration System)

The Ultimate Resource On “PriFi” Or Private Finance

Deutsche Bank To Offer Bitcoin Custody Services

BeanCoin Currency Casts Lifeline To Closed New Orleans Bars

Bitcoin Could Enter ‘Supercycle’ As Fed Balance Sheet Hits New Record High

Crypto Mogul Bets On ‘Meme Investing’ With Millions In GameStop

Iran’s Central Banks Acquires Bitcoin Even Though Lagarde Says Central Banks Will Not Hold Bitcoin

Bitcoin To Come To America’s Oldest Bank, BNY Mellon

Tesla’s Bitcoin-Equals-Cash View Isn’t Shared By All Crypto Owners

How A Lawsuit Against The IRS Is Trying To Expand Privacy For Crypto Users

Apple Should Launch Own Crypto Exchange, RBC Analyst Says

Bitcoin Hits $43K All-Time High As Tesla Invests $1.5 Billion In BTC

Bitcoin Bounces Off Top of Recent Price Range

Top Fiat Currencies By Market Capitalization VS Bitcoin

Bitcoin Eyes $50K Less Than A Month After BTC Price Broke Its 2017 All-Time High

Investors Piling Into Overvalued Crypto Funds Risk A Painful Exit

Parents Should Be Aware Of Their Children’s Crypto Tax Liabilities

Miami Mayor Says City Employees Should Be Able To Take Their Salaries In Bitcoin

Bitcoiners Get Last Laugh As IBM’s “Blockchain Not Bitcoin” Effort Goes Belly-up

Bitcoin Accounts Offer 3-12% Rates In A Low-Interest World

Analyst Says Bitcoin Price Sell-Off May Occur As Chinese New Year Approaches

Why The Crypto World Needs To Build An Amazon Of Its Own

Tor Project’s Crypto Donations Increased 23% In 2020

Social Trading Platform eToro Ended 2020 With $600M In Revenue

Bitcoin Billionaire Set To Run For California Governor

GameStop Investing Craze ‘Proof of Concept’ For Bitcoin Success

Bitcoin Entrepreneurs Install Mining Rigs In Cars. Will Trucks And Tractor Trailers Be Next?

Harvard, Yale, Brown Endowments Have Been Buying Bitcoin For At Least A Year

Bitcoin Return To $40,000 In Doubt As Flows To Key Fund Slow

Ultimate Resource For Leading Non-Profits Focused On Policy Issues Facing Cryptocurrencies

Regulate Cryptocurrencies? Not Yet

Check Out These Cryptocurrency Clubs And Bitcoin Groups!

Blockchain Brings Unicorns To Millennials

Crypto-Industry Prepares For Onslaught Of Public Listings

Bitcoin Core Lead Maintainer Steps Back, Encourages Decentralization

Here Are Very Bitcoiny Ways To Get Bitcoin Exposure

To Understand Bitcoin, Just Think of It As A Faith-Based Asset

Cryptos Won’t Work As Actual Currencies, UBS Economist Says

Older Investors Are Getting Into Crypto, New Survey Finds

Access Denied: Banks Seem Prone To Cryptophobia Despite Growing Adoption

Pro Traders Buy The Dip As Bulls Address A Trifecta Of FUD News Announcements

Andreas Antonopoulos And Others Debunk Bitcoin Double-Spend FUD

New Bitcoin Investors Explain Why They’re Buying At Record Prices

When Crypto And Traditional Investors Forget Fundamentals, The Market Is Broken

First Hyperledger-based Cryptocurrency Explodes 486% Overnight On Bittrex BTC Listing

Bitcoin Steady As Analysts Say Getting Back To $40,000 Is Key

Coinbase, MEVP Invest In Crypto-Asset Startup Rain

Synthetic Dreams: Wrapped Crypto Assets Gain Traction Amid Surging Market

Secure Bitcoin Self-Custody: Balancing Safety And Ease Of Use

Voyager Crypto App Review

UBS (A Totally Corrupt And Criminal Bank) Warns Clients Crypto Prices Can Actually Go To Zero

Bitcoin Swings Undermine CFO Case For Converting Cash To Crypto

CoinLab Cuts Deal With Mt. Gox Trustee Over Bitcoin Claims

Bitcoin Slides Under $35K Despite Biden Unveiling $1.9 Trillion Stimulus

Bitcoin Refuses To ‘Die’ As BTC Price Hits $40K Just Three Days After Crash

Ex-Ripple CTO Can’t Remember Password To Access $240M In Bitcoin

Financial Advisers Are Betting On Bitcoin As A Hedge

ECB President Christine Lagarde (French Convict) Says, Bitcoin Enables “Funny Business.”

German Police Shut Down Darknet Marketplace That Traded Bitcoin

Bitcoin Miner That’s Risen 1,400% Says More Regulation Is Needed

Bitcoin Rebounds While Leaving Everyone In Dark On True Worth

UK Treasury Calls For Feedback On Approach To Cryptocurrency And Stablecoin Regulation

What Crypto Users Need Know About Changes At The SEC

Where Does This 28% Bitcoin Price Drop Rank In History? Not Even In The Top 5

Seven Times That US Regulators Stepped Into Crypto In 2020

Retail Has Arrived As Paypal Clears $242M In Crypto Sales Nearly Double The Previous Record

Bitcoin’s Slide Dents Price Momentum That Dwarfed Everything

Does Bitcoin Boom Mean ‘Better Gold’ Or Bigger Bubble?

Bitcoin Whales Are Profiting As ‘Weak Hands’ Sell BTC After Price Correction

Crypto User Recovers Long-Lost Private Keys To Access $4M In Bitcoin

The Case For And Against Investing In Bitcoin

Bitcoin’s Wild Weekends Turn Efficient Market Theory Inside Out

Mega-Bullish News For Bitcoin As Elon Musk Says, “Pay Me In Bitcoin” And Biden Says, “Ignore Budget Deficits”!

Bitcoin Price Briefly Surpasses Market Cap Of Tencent

Broker Touts Exotic Bitcoin Bet To Squeeze Income From Crypto

Broker Touts Exotic Bitcoin Bet To Squeeze Income From Crypto

Tesla’s Crypto-Friendly CEO Is Now The Richest Man In The World

Crypto Market Cap Breaks $1 Trillion Following Jaw-Dropping Rally

Gamblers Could Use Bitcoin At Slot Machines With New Patent

Crypto Users Donate $400K To Julian Assange Defense As Mexico Proposes Asylum

Grayscale Ethereum Trust Fell 22% Despite Rally In Holdings

Bitcoin’s Bulls Should Fear Its Other Scarcity Problem

Ether Follows Bitcoin To Record High Amid Dizzying Crypto Rally

Retail Investors Are Largely Uninvolved As Bitcoin Price Chases $40K

Bitcoin Breaches $34,000 As Rally Extends Into New Year

Social Media Interest In Bitcoin Hits All-Time High

Bitcoin Price Quickly Climbs To $31K, Liquidating $100M Of Shorts

How Massive Bitcoin Buyer Activity On Coinbase Propelled BTC Price Past $32K

FinCEN Wants US Citizens To Disclose Offshore Crypto Holdings of $10K+

Governments Will Start To Hodl Bitcoin In 2021

Crypto-Linked Stocks Extend Rally That Produced 400% Gains

‘Bitcoin Liquidity Crisis’ — BTC Is Becoming Harder To Buy On Exchanges, Data Shows

Bitcoin Looks To Gain Traction In Payments

BTC Market Cap Now Over Half A Trillion Dollars. Major Weekly Candle Closed!!

Elon Musk And Satoshi Nakamoto Making Millionaires At Record Pace

Binance Enables SegWit Support For Bitcoin Deposits As Adoption Grows

Santoshi Nakamoto Delivers $24.5K Christmas Gift With Another New All-Time High

Bitcoin’s Rally Has Already Outlasted 2017’s Epic Run

Gifting Crypto To Loved Ones This Holiday? Educate Them First

Scaramucci’s SkyBridge Files With SEC To Launch Bitcoin Fund

Samsung Integrates Bitcoin Wallets And Exchange Into Galaxy Phones

HTC Smartphone Will Run A Full Bitcoin Node (#GotBitcoin?)

HTC’s New 5G Router Can Host A Full Bitcoin Node

Bitcoin Miners Are Heating Homes Free of Charge

Bitcoin Miners Will Someday Be Incorporated Into Household Appliances

Musk Inquires About Moving ‘Large Transactions’ To Bitcoin

How To Invest In Bitcoin: It Can Be Easy, But Watch Out For Fees

Megan Thee Stallion Gives Away $1 Million In Bitcoin

CoinFLEX Sets Up Short-Term Lending Facility For Crypto Traders

Wall Street Quants Pounce On Crytpo Industry And Some Are Not Sure What To Make Of It

Bitcoin Shortage As Wall Street FOMO Turns BTC Whales Into ‘Plankton’

Bitcoin Tops $22,000 And Strategists Say Rally Has Further To Go

Why Bitcoin Is Overpriced by More Than 50%

Kraken Exchange Will Integrate Bitcoin’s Lightning Network In 2021

New To Bitcoin? Stay Safe And Avoid These Common Scams

Andreas M. Antonopoulos And Simon Dixon Say Don’t Buy Bitcoin!

Famous Former Bitcoin Critics Who Conceded In 2020

Jim Cramer Bought Bitcoin While ‘Off Nicely From The Top’ In $17,000S

The Wealthy Are Jumping Into Bitcoin As Stigma Around Crypto Fades

WordPress Adds Official Ethereum Ad Plugin

France Moves To Ban Anonymous Crypto Accounts To Prevent Money Laundering

10 Predictions For 2021: China, Bitcoin, Taxes, Stablecoins And More

Movie Based On Darknet Market Silk Road Premiering In February

Crypto Funds Have Seen Record Investment Inflow In Recent Weeks

US Gov Is Bitcoin’s Last Remaining Adversary, Says Messari Founder

$1,200 US Stimulus Check Is Now Worth Almost $4,000 If Invested In Bitcoin

German Bank Launches Crypto Fund Covering Portfolio Of Digital Assets

World Governments Agree On Importance Of Crypto Regulation At G-7 Meeting

Why Some Investors Get Bitcoin So Wrong, And What That Says About Its Strengths

It’s Not About Data Ownership, It’s About Data Control, EFF Director Says

‘It Will Send BTC’ — On-Chain Analyst Says Bitcoin Hodlers Are Only Getting Stronger

Bitcoin Arrives On Wall Street: S&P Dow Jones Launching Crypto Indexes In 2021

Audio Streaming Giant Spotify Is Looking Into Crypto Payments

BlackRock (Assets Under Management $7.4 Trillion) CEO: Bitcoin Has Caught Our Attention

Bitcoin Moves $500K Around The Globe Every Second, Says Samson Mow

Pomp Talks Shark Tank’s Kevin O’leary Into Buying ‘A Little More’ Bitcoin

Bitcoin Is The Tulipmania That Refuses To Die

Ultimate Resource On Ethereum 2.0

Biden Should Integrate Bitcoin Into Us Financial System, Says Niall Ferguson

Bitcoin Is Winning The Monetary Revolution

Cash Is Trash, Dump Gold, Buy Bitcoin!

Bitcoin Price Sets New Record High Above $19,783

You Call That A Record? Bitcoin’s November Gains Are 3x Stock Market’s

Bitcoin Fights Back With Power, Speed and Millions of Users

Guggenheim Fund ($295 Billion Assets Under Management) Reserves Right To Put Up To 10% In Bitcoin Trust!

Exchanges Outdo Auctions For Governments Cashing In Criminal Crypto, Says Exec

Coinbase CEO: Trump Administration May ‘Rush Out’ Burdensome Crypto Wallet Rules

Bitcoin Plunges Along With Other Coins Providing For A Major Black Friday Sale Opportunity

The Most Bullish Bitcoin Arguments For Your Thanksgiving Table

‘Bitcoin Tuesday’ To Become One Of The Largest-Ever Crypto Donation Events

World’s First 24/7 Crypto Call-In Station!!!

Bitcoin Trades Again Near Record, Driven By New Group Of Buyers

Friendliest Of Them All? These Could Be The Best Countries For Crypto

Bitcoin Price Doubles Since The Halving, With Just 3.4M Bitcoin Left For Buyers

First Company-Sponsored Bitcoin Retirement Plans Launched In US

Poker Players Are Enhancing Winnings By Cashing Out In Bitcoin

Crypto-Friendly Brooks Gets Nod To Serve 5-Year Term Leading Bank Regulator

The Bitcoin Comeback: Is Crypto Finally Going Mainstream?

The Dark Future Where Payments Are Politicized And Bitcoin Wins

Mexico’s 3rd Richest Man Reveals BTC Holdings As Bitcoin Breaches $18,000

Ultimate Resource On Mike Novogratz And Galaxy Digital’s Bitcoin News

Bitcoin’s Gunning For A Record And No One’s Talking About It

Simple Steps To Keep Your Crypto Safe

US Company Now Lets Travelers Pay For Passports With Bitcoin

Billionaire Hedge Fund Investor Stanley Druckenmiller Says He Owns Bitcoin In CNBC Interview

China’s UnionPay And Korea’s Danal To Launch Crypto-Supporting Digital Card #GotBitcoin

Bitcoin Is Back Trading Near Three-Year Highs

Bitcoin Transaction Fees Rise To 28-Month High As Hashrate Drops Amid Price Rally

Market Is Proving Bitcoin Is ‘Ultimate Safe Haven’ — Anthony Pompliano

3 Reasons Why Bitcoin Price Suddenly Dropping Below $13,000 Isn’t Bearish

Bitcoin Resurgence Leaves Institutional Acceptance Unanswered

Bitcoin’s Rivalry With Gold Plus Millennial Interest Gives It ‘Considerable’ Upside Potential: JPMorgan

WordPress Content Can Now Be Timestamped On Ethereum

PayPal To Offer Crypto Payments Starting In 2021 (A-Z) (#GotBitcoin?)

As Bitcoin Approaches $13,000 It Breaks Correlation With Equities

Crypto M&A Surges Past 2019 Total As Rest of World Eclipses U.S. (#GotBitcoin?)

How HBCUs Are Prepping Black Students For Blockchain Careers

Why Every US Congressman Just Got Sent Some ‘American’ Bitcoin

CME Sounding Out Crypto Traders To Gauge Market Demand For Ether Futures, Options

Caitlin Long On Bitcoin, Blockchain And Rehypothecation (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Drops To $10,446.83 As CFTC Charges BitMex With Illegally Operating Derivatives Exchange

BitcoinACKs Lets You Track Bitcoin Development And Pay Coders For Their Work

One Of Hal Finney’s Lost Contributions To Bitcoin Core To Be ‘Resurrected’ (#GotBitcoin?)

Cross-chain Money Markets, Latest Attempt To Bring Liquidity To DeFi

Memes Mean Mad Money. Those Silly Defi Memes, They’re Really Important (#GotBitcoin?)

Bennie Overton’s Story About Our Corrupt U.S. Judicial, Global Financial Monetary System And Bitcoin

Stop Fucking Around With Public Token Airdrops In The United States (#GotBitcoin?)

Mad Money’s Jim Cramer Will Invest 1% Of Net Worth In Bitcoin Says, “Gold Is Dangerous”

State-by-state Licensing For Crypto And Payments Firms In The Us Just Got Much Easier (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin (BTC) Ranks As World 6Th Largest Currency

Pomp Claims He Convinced Jim Cramer To Buy Bitcoin

Traditional Investors View Bitcoin As If It Were A Technology Stock

Mastercard Releases Platform Enabling Central Banks To Test Digital Currencies (#GotBitcoin?)

Being Black On Wall Street. Top Black Executives Speak Out About Racism (#GotBitcoin?)

Tesla And Bitcoin Are The Most Popular Assets On TradingView (#GotBitcoin?)

From COVID Generation To Crypto Generation (#GotBitcoin?)

Right-Winger Tucker Carlson Causes Grayscale Investments To Pull Bitcoin Ads

Bitcoin Has Lost Its Way: Here’s How To Return To Crypto’s Subversive Roots

Cross Chain Is Here: NEO, ONT, Cosmos And NEAR Launch Interoperability Protocols (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Trading Products Enter The Mainstream With A Number Of Inherent Advantages (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Goes Mainstream With TV, Newspaper Ads (#GotBitcoin?)

A Guarded Generation: How Millennials View Money And Investing (#GotBitcoin?)

Blockchain-Backed Social Media Brings More Choice For Users

California Moves Forward With Digital Asset Bill (#GotBitcoin?)

Walmart Adds Crypto Cashback Through Shopping Loyalty Platform StormX (#GotBitcoin?)

Congressman Tom Emmer To Lead First-Ever Crypto Town Hall (#GotBitcoin?)

Why It’s Time To Pay Attention To Mexico’s Booming Crypto Market (#GotBitcoin?)

The Assets That Matter Most In Crypto (#GotBitcoin?)

Ultimate Resource On Non-Fungible Tokens

Bitcoin Community Highlights Double-Standard Applied Deutsche Bank Epstein Scandal

Blockchain Makes Strides In Diversity. However, Traditional Tech Industry Not-S0-Much (#GotBitcoin?)

An Israeli Blockchain Startup Claims It’s Invented An ‘Undo’ Button For BTC Transactions

After Years of Resistance, BitPay Adopts SegWit For Cheaper Bitcoin Transactions

US Appeals Court Allows Warrantless Search of Blockchain, Exchange Data

Central Bank Rate Cuts Mean ‘World Has Gone Zimbabwe’

This Researcher Says Bitcoin’s Elliptic Curve Could Have A Secret Backdoor

China Discovers 4% Of Its Reserves Or 83 Tons Of It’s Gold Bars Are Fake (#GotBitcoin?)

Former Legg Mason Star Bill Miller And Bloomberg Are Optimistic About Bitcoin’s Future

Yield Chasers Are Yield Farming In Crypto-Currencies (#GotBitcoin?)

Australia Post Office Now Lets Customers Buy Bitcoin At Over 3,500 Outlets

Anomaly On Bitcoin Sidechain Results In Brief Security Lapse

SEC And DOJ Charges Lobbying Kingpin Jack Abramoff And Associate For Money Laundering

Veteran Commodities Trader Chris Hehmeyer Goes All In On Crypto (#GotBitcoin?)

Activists Document Police Misconduct Using Decentralized Protocol (#GotBitcoin?)

Supposedly, PayPal, Venmo To Roll Out Crypto Buying And Selling (#GotBitcoin?)

Industry Leaders Launch PayID, The Universal ID For Payments (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Quant Fund Debuts With $23M In Assets, $2.3B In Trades (#GotBitcoin?)

The Queens Politician Who Wants To Give New Yorkers Their Own Crypto

Why Does The SEC Want To Run Bitcoin And Ethereum Nodes?

Trump Orders Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin To Destroy Bitcoin Just Like They Destroyed The Traditional Economy

US Drug Agency Failed To Properly Supervise Agent Who Stole $700,000 In Bitcoin In 2015

Layer 2 Will Make Bitcoin As Easy To Use As The Dollar, Says Kraken CEO

Bootstrapping Mobile Mesh Networks With Bitcoin Lightning

Nevermind Coinbase — Big Brother Is Already Watching Your Coins (#GotBitcoin?)

BitPay’s Prepaid Mastercard Launches In US to Make Crypto Accessible (#GotBitcoin?)

Germany’s Deutsche Borse Exchange To List New Bitcoin Exchange-Traded Product

‘Bitcoin Billionaires’ Movie To Tell Winklevoss Bros’ Crypto Story

US Pentagon Created A War Game To Fight The Establishment With BTC (#GotBitcoin?)

JPMorgan Provides Banking Services To Crypto Exchanges Coinbase And Gemini (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Advocates Cry Foul As US Fed Buying ETFs For The First Time

Final Block Mined Before Halving Contained Reminder of BTC’s Origins (#GotBitcoin?)

Meet Brian Klein, Crypto’s Own ‘High-Stakes’ Trial Attorney (#GotBitcoin?)

3 Reasons For The Bitcoin Price ‘Halving Dump’ From $10K To $8.1K

Bitcoin Outlives And Outlasts Naysayers And First Website That Declared It Dead Back In 2010

Hedge Fund Pioneer Turns Bullish On Bitcoin Amid ‘Unprecedented’ Monetary Inflation

Antonopoulos: Chainalysis Is Helping World’s Worst Dictators & Regimes (#GotBitcoin?)

Survey Shows Many BTC Holders Use Hardware Wallet, Have Backup Keys (#GotBitcoin?)

Iran Ditches The Rial Amid Hyperinflation As Localbitcoins Seem To Trade Near $35K

Buffett ‘Killed His Reputation’ by Being Stupid About BTC, Says Max Keiser (#GotBitcoin?)

Meltem Demirors: “Bitcoin Is Not A F*Cking Systemic Hedge If You Hold Your Bitcoin At A Financial Institution”

Blockfolio Quietly Patches Years-Old Security Hole That Exposed Source Code (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Won As Store of Value In Coronavirus Crisis — Hedge Fund CEO

Decentralized VPN Gaining Steam At 100,000 Users Worldwide (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Exchange Offers Credit Lines so Institutions Can Trade Now, Pay Later (#GotBitcoin?)

Zoom Develops A Cryptocurrency Paywall To Reward Creators Video Conferencing Sessions (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Startup And Major Bitcoin Cash Partner To Shut Down After 6-Year Run

Open Interest In CME Bitcoin Futures Rises 70% As Institutions Return To Market

Square’s Users Can Route Stimulus Payments To BTC-Friendly Cash App

$1.1 Billion BTC Transaction For Only $0.68 Demonstrates Bitcoin’s Advantage Over Banks

Bitcoin Could Become Like ‘Prison Cigarettes’ Amid Deepening Financial Crisis

Bitcoin Holds Value As US Debt Reaches An Unfathomable $24 Trillion

How To Get Money (Crypto-currency) To People In An Emergency, Fast

US Intelligence To Study What Would Happen If U.S. Dollar Lost Its Status As World’s Reserve Currency (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Miner Manufacturers Mark Down Prices Ahead of Halving

Privacy-Oriented Browsers Gain Traction (#GotBitcoin?)

‘Breakthrough’ As Lightning Uses Web’s Forgotten Payment Code (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Starts Quarter With Price Down Just 10% YTD vs U.S. Stock’s Worst Quarter Since 2008

Bitcoin Enthusiasts, Liberal Lawmakers Cheer A Fed-Backed Digital Dollar

Crypto-Friendly Bank Revolut Launches In The US (#GotBitcoin?)

The CFTC Just Defined What ‘Actual Delivery’ of Crypto Should Look Like (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto CEO Compares US Dollar To Onecoin Scam As Fed Keeps Printing (#GotBitcoin?)

Stuck In Quarantine? Become A Blockchain Expert With These Online Courses (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin, Not Governments Will Save the World After Crisis, Tim Draper Says

Crypto Analyst Accused of Photoshopping Trade Screenshots (#GotBitcoin?)

QE4 Begins: Fed Cuts Rates, Buys $700B In Bonds; Bitcoin Rallies 7.7%

Mike Novogratz And Andreas Antonopoulos On The Bitcoin Crash

Amid Market Downturn, Number of People Owning 1 BTC Hits New Record (#GotBitcoin?)

Fatburger And Others Feed $30 Million Into Ethereum For New Bond Offering (#GotBitcoin?)

Pornhub Will Integrate PumaPay Recurring Subscription Crypto Payments (#GotBitcoin?)

Intel SGX Vulnerability Discovered, Cryptocurrency Keys Threatened

Bitcoin’s Plunge Due To Manipulation, Traditional Markets Falling or PlusToken Dumping?

Countries That First Outlawed Crypto But Then Embraced It (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Maintains Gains As Global Equities Slide, US Yield Hits Record Lows

HTC’s New 5G Router Can Host A Full Bitcoin Node

India Supreme Court Lifts RBI Ban On Banks Servicing Crypto Firms (#GotBitcoin?)

Analyst Claims 98% of Mining Rigs Fail to Verify Transactions (#GotBitcoin?)

Blockchain Storage Offers Security, Data Transparency And immutability. Get Over it!

Black Americans & Crypto (#GotBitcoin?)

Coinbase Wallet Now Allows To Send Crypto Through Usernames (#GotBitcoin)

New ‘Simpsons’ Episode Features Jim Parsons Giving A Crypto Explainer For The Masses (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto-currency Founder Met With Warren Buffett For Charity Lunch (#GotBitcoin?)

Witches Love Bitcoin

Bitcoin’s Potential To Benefit The African And African-American Community

Coinbase Becomes Direct Visa Card Issuer With Principal Membership

Bitcoin Achieves Major Milestone With Half A Billion Transactions Confirmed

Jill Carlson, Meltem Demirors Back $3.3M Round For Non-Custodial Settlement Protocol Arwen

Crypto Companies Adopt Features Similar To Banks (Only Better) To Drive Growth (#GotBitcoin?)

Top Graphics Cards That Will Turn A Crypto Mining Profit (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Usage Among Merchants Is Up, According To Data From Coinbase And BitPay

Top 10 Books Recommended by Crypto (#Bitcoin) Thought Leaders

Twitter Adds Bitcoin Emoji, Jack Dorsey Suggests Unicode Does The Same

Bitcoiners Are Now Into Fasting. Read This Article To Find Out Why

You Can Now Donate Bitcoin Or Fiat To Show Your Support For All Of Our Valuable Content

2019’s Top 10 Institutional Actors In Crypto (#GotBitcoin?)

What Does Twitter’s New Decentralized Initiative Mean? (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto-Friendly Silvergate Bank Goes Public On New York Stock Exchange (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin’s Best Q1 Since 2013 To ‘Escalate’ If $9.5K Is Broken

Billionaire Investor Tim Draper: If You’re a Millennial, Buy Bitcoin

What Are Lightning Wallets Doing To Help Onboard New Users? (#GotBitcoin?)

If You Missed Out On Investing In Amazon, Bitcoin Might Be A Second Chance For You (#GotBitcoin?)

2020 And Beyond: Bitcoin’s Potential Protocol (Privacy And Scalability) Upgrades (#GotBitcoin?)

US Deficit Will Be At Least 6 Times Bitcoin Market Cap — Every Year (#GotBitcoin?)

Central Banks Warm To Issuing Digital Currencies (#GotBitcoin?)

Meet The Crypto Angel Investor Running For Congress In Nevada (#GotBitcoin?)

Introducing BTCPay Vault – Use Any Hardware Wallet With BTCPay And Its Full Node (#GotBitcoin?)

How Not To Lose Your Coins In 2020: Alternative Recovery Methods (#GotBitcoin?)

H.R.5635 – Virtual Currency Tax Fairness Act of 2020 ($200.00 Limit) 116th Congress (2019-2020)

Adam Back On Satoshi Emails, Privacy Concerns And Bitcoin’s Early Days

The Prospect of Using Bitcoin To Build A New International Monetary System Is Getting Real

How To Raise Funds For Australia Wildfire Relief Efforts (Using Bitcoin And/Or Fiat )

Former Regulator Known As ‘Crypto Dad’ To Launch Digital-Dollar Think Tank (#GotBitcoin?)

Currency ‘Cold War’ Takes Center Stage At Pre-Davos Crypto Confab (#GotBitcoin?)

A Blockchain-Secured Home Security Camera Won Innovation Awards At CES 2020 Las Vegas

Bitcoin’s Had A Sensational 11 Years (#GotBitcoin?)

Sergey Nazarov And The Creation Of A Decentralized Network Of Oracles

Google Suspends MetaMask From Its Play App Store, Citing “Deceptive Services”

Christmas Shopping: Where To Buy With Crypto This Festive Season

At 8,990,000% Gains, Bitcoin Dwarfs All Other Investments This Decade

Coinbase CEO Armstrong Wins Patent For Tech Allowing Users To Email Bitcoin

Bitcoin Has Got Society To Think About The Nature Of Money

How DeFi Goes Mainstream In 2020: Focus On Usability (#GotBitcoin?)

Dissidents And Activists Have A Lot To Gain From Bitcoin, If Only They Knew It (#GotBitcoin?)

At A Refugee Camp In Iraq, A 16-Year-Old Syrian Is Teaching Crypto Basics

Bitclub Scheme Busted In The US, Promising High Returns From Mining

Bitcoin Advertised On French National TV

Germany: New Proposed Law Would Legalize Banks Holding Bitcoin

How To Earn And Spend Bitcoin On Black Friday 2019

The Ultimate List of Bitcoin Developments And Accomplishments

Charities Put A Bitcoin Twist On Giving Tuesday

Family Offices Finally Accept The Benefits of Investing In Bitcoin

An Army Of Bitcoin Devs Is Battle-Testing Upgrades To Privacy And Scaling

Bitcoin ‘Carry Trade’ Can Net Annual Gains With Little Risk, Says PlanB

Max Keiser: Bitcoin’s ‘Self-Settlement’ Is A Revolution Against Dollar

Blockchain Can And Will Replace The IRS

China Seizes The Blockchain Opportunity. How Should The US Respond? (#GotBitcoin?)

Jack Dorsey: You Can Buy A Fraction Of Berkshire Stock Or ‘Stack Sats’

Bitcoin Price Skyrockets $500 In Minutes As Bakkt BTC Contracts Hit Highs

Bitcoin’s Irreversibility Challenges International Private Law: Legal Scholar

Bitcoin Has Already Reached 40% Of Average Fiat Currency Lifespan

Yes, Even Bitcoin HODLers Can Lose Money In The Long-Term: Here’s How (#GotBitcoin?)

Unicef To Accept Donations In Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Former Prosecutor Asked To “Shut Down Bitcoin” And Is Now Face Of Crypto VC Investing (#GotBitcoin?)

Switzerland’s ‘Crypto Valley’ Is Bringing Blockchain To Zurich

Next Bitcoin Halving May Not Lead To Bull Market, Says Bitmain CEO

Tim Draper Bets On Unstoppable Domain’s .Crypto Domain Registry To Replace Wallet Addresses (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Developer Amir Taaki, “We Can Crash National Economies” (#GotBitcoin?)

Veteran Crypto And Stocks Trader Shares 6 Ways To Invest And Get Rich

Is Chainlink Blazing A Trail Independent Of Bitcoin?

Nearly $10 Billion In BTC Is Held In Wallets Of 8 Crypto Exchanges (#GotBitcoin?)

SEC Enters Settlement Talks With Alleged Fraudulent Firm Veritaseum (#GotBitcoin?)

Blockstream’s Samson Mow: Bitcoin’s Block Size Already ‘Too Big’

Attorneys Seek Bank Of Ireland Execs’ Testimony Against OneCoin Scammer (#GotBitcoin?)

OpenLibra Plans To Launch Permissionless Fork Of Facebook’s Stablecoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Tiny $217 Options Trade On Bitcoin Blockchain Could Be Wall Street’s Death Knell (#GotBitcoin?)

Class Action Accuses Tether And Bitfinex Of Market Manipulation (#GotBitcoin?)

Sharia Goldbugs: How ISIS Created A Currency For World Domination (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Eyes Demand As Hong Kong Protestors Announce Bank Run (#GotBitcoin?)

How To Securely Transfer Crypto To Your Heirs

‘Gold-Backed’ Crypto Token Promoter Karatbars Investigated By Florida Regulators (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto News From The Spanish-Speaking World (#GotBitcoin?)

Financial Services Giant Morningstar To Offer Ratings For Crypto Assets (#GotBitcoin?)

‘Gold-Backed’ Crypto Token Promoter Karatbars Investigated By Florida Regulators (#GotBitcoin?)

The Original Sins Of Cryptocurrencies (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Is The Fraud? JPMorgan Metals Desk Fixed Gold Prices For Years (#GotBitcoin?)

Israeli Startup That Allows Offline Crypto Transactions Secures $4M (#GotBitcoin?)

[PSA] Non-genuine Trezor One Devices Spotted (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Stronger Than Ever But No One Seems To Care: Google Trends (#GotBitcoin?)

First-Ever SEC-Qualified Token Offering In US Raises $23 Million (#GotBitcoin?)

You Can Now Prove A Whole Blockchain With One Math Problem – Really

Crypto Mining Supply Fails To Meet Market Demand In Q2: TokenInsight

$2 Billion Lost In Mt. Gox Bitcoin Hack Can Be Recovered, Lawyer Claims (#GotBitcoin?)

Fed Chair Says Agency Monitoring Crypto But Not Developing Its Own (#GotBitcoin?)

Wesley Snipes Is Launching A Tokenized $25 Million Movie Fund (#GotBitcoin?)

Mystery 94K BTC Transaction Becomes Richest Non-Exchange Address (#GotBitcoin?)

A Crypto Fix For A Broken International Monetary System (#GotBitcoin?)

Four Out Of Five Top Bitcoin QR Code Generators Are Scams: Report (#GotBitcoin?)

Waves Platform And The Abyss To Jointly Launch Blockchain-Based Games Marketplace (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitmain Ramps Up Power And Efficiency With New Bitcoin Mining Machine (#GotBitcoin?)

Ledger Live Now Supports Over 1,250 Ethereum-Based ERC-20 Tokens (#GotBitcoin?)

Miss Finland: Bitcoin’s Risk Keeps Most Women Away From Cryptocurrency (#GotBitcoin?)

Artist Akon Loves BTC And Says, “It’s Controlled By The People” (#GotBitcoin?)

Ledger Live Now Supports Over 1,250 Ethereum-Based ERC-20 Tokens (#GotBitcoin?)

Co-Founder Of LinkedIn Presents Crypto Rap Video: Hamilton Vs. Satoshi (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Insurance Market To Grow, Lloyd’s Of London And Aon To Lead (#GotBitcoin?)

No ‘AltSeason’ Until Bitcoin Breaks $20K, Says Hedge Fund Manager (#GotBitcoin?)

NSA Working To Develop Quantum-Resistant Cryptocurrency: Report (#GotBitcoin?)

Custody Provider Legacy Trust Launches Crypto Pension Plan (#GotBitcoin?)

Vaneck, SolidX To Offer Limited Bitcoin ETF For Institutions Via Exemption (#GotBitcoin?)

Russell Okung: From NFL Superstar To Bitcoin Educator In 2 Years (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Miners Made $14 Billion To Date Securing The Network (#GotBitcoin?)

Why Does Amazon Want To Hire Blockchain Experts For Its Ads Division?

Argentina’s Economy Is In A Technical Default (#GotBitcoin?)

Blockchain-Based Fractional Ownership Used To Sell High-End Art (#GotBitcoin?)

Portugal Tax Authority: Bitcoin Trading And Payments Are Tax-Free (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin ‘Failed Safe Haven Test’ After 7% Drop, Peter Schiff Gloats (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Dev Reveals Multisig UI Teaser For Hardware Wallets, Full Nodes (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Price: $10K Holds For Now As 50% Of CME Futures Set To Expire (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Realized Market Cap Hits $100 Billion For The First Time (#GotBitcoin?)

Stablecoins Begin To Look Beyond The Dollar (#GotBitcoin?)

Bank Of England Governor: Libra-Like Currency Could Replace US Dollar (#GotBitcoin?)

Binance Reveals ‘Venus’ — Its Own Project To Rival Facebook’s Libra (#GotBitcoin?)

The Real Benefits Of Blockchain Are Here. They’re Being Ignored (#GotBitcoin?)

CommBank Develops Blockchain Market To Boost Biodiversity (#GotBitcoin?)

SEC Approves Blockchain Tech Startup Securitize To Record Stock Transfers (#GotBitcoin?)

SegWit Creator Introduces New Language For Bitcoin Smart Contracts (#GotBitcoin?)

You Can Now Earn Bitcoin Rewards For Postmates Purchases (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Price ‘Will Struggle’ In Big Financial Crisis, Says Investor (#GotBitcoin?)

Fidelity Charitable Received Over $100M In Crypto Donations Since 2015 (#GotBitcoin?)

Would Blockchain Better Protect User Data Than FaceApp? Experts Answer (#GotBitcoin?)

Just The Existence Of Bitcoin Impacts Monetary Policy (#GotBitcoin?)

What Are The Biggest Alleged Crypto Heists And How Much Was Stolen? (#GotBitcoin?)

IRS To Cryptocurrency Owners: Come Clean, Or Else!

Coinbase Accidentally Saves Unencrypted Passwords Of 3,420 Customers (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Is A ‘Chaos Hedge, Or Schmuck Insurance‘ (#GotBitcoin?)

Bakkt Announces September 23 Launch Of Futures And Custody

Coinbase CEO: Institutions Depositing $200-400M Into Crypto Per Week (#GotBitcoin?)

Researchers Find Monero Mining Malware That Hides From Task Manager (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Dusting Attack Affects Nearly 300,000 Addresses (#GotBitcoin?)

A Case For Bitcoin As Recession Hedge In A Diversified Investment Portfolio (#GotBitcoin?)

SEC Guidance Gives Ammo To Lawsuit Claiming XRP Is Unregistered Security (#GotBitcoin?)

15 Countries To Develop Crypto Transaction Tracking System: Report (#GotBitcoin?)

US Department Of Commerce Offering 6-Figure Salary To Crypto Expert (#GotBitcoin?)

Mastercard Is Building A Team To Develop Crypto, Wallet Projects (#GotBitcoin?)

Canadian Bitcoin Educator Scams The Scammer And Donates Proceeds (#GotBitcoin?)

Amazon Wants To Build A Blockchain For Ads, New Job Listing Shows (#GotBitcoin?)

Shield Bitcoin Wallets From Theft Via Time Delay (#GotBitcoin?)

Blockstream Launches Bitcoin Mining Farm With Fidelity As Early Customer (#GotBitcoin?)

Commerzbank Tests Blockchain Machine To Machine Payments With Daimler (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin’s Historical Returns Look Very Attractive As Online Banks Lower Payouts On Savings Accounts (#GotBitcoin?)

Man Takes Bitcoin Miner Seller To Tribunal Over Electricity Bill And Wins (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin’s Computing Power Sets Record As Over 100K New Miners Go Online (#GotBitcoin?)

Walmart Coin And Libra Perform Major Public Relations For Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Judge Says Buying Bitcoin Via Credit Card Not Necessarily A Cash Advance (#GotBitcoin?)

Poll: If You’re A Stockowner Or Crypto-Currency Holder. What Will You Do When The Recession Comes?

1 In 5 Crypto Holders Are Women, New Report Reveals (#GotBitcoin?)

Beating Bakkt, Ledgerx Is First To Launch ‘Physical’ Bitcoin Futures In Us (#GotBitcoin?)

Facebook Warns Investors That Libra Stablecoin May Never Launch (#GotBitcoin?)

Government Money Printing Is ‘Rocket Fuel’ For Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin-Friendly Square Cash App Stock Price Up 56% In 2019 (#GotBitcoin?)

Safeway Shoppers Can Now Get Bitcoin Back As Change At 894 US Stores (#GotBitcoin?)

TD Ameritrade CEO: There’s ‘Heightened Interest Again’ With Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Venezuela Sets New Bitcoin Volume Record Thanks To 10,000,000% Inflation (#GotBitcoin?)

Newegg Adds Bitcoin Payment Option To 73 More Countries (#GotBitcoin?)

China’s Schizophrenic Relationship With Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

More Companies Build Products Around Crypto Hardware Wallets (#GotBitcoin?)

Bakkt Is Scheduled To Start Testing Its Bitcoin Futures Contracts Today (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Network Now 8 Times More Powerful Than It Was At $20K Price (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Exchange BitMEX Under Investigation By CFTC: Bloomberg (#GotBitcoin?)

“Bitcoin An ‘Unstoppable Force,” Says US Congressman At Crypto Hearing (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Network Is Moving $3 Billion Daily, Up 210% Since April (#GotBitcoin?)

Cryptocurrency Startups Get Partial Green Light From Washington

Fundstrat’s Tom Lee: Bitcoin Pullback Is Healthy, Fewer Searches Аre Good (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Lightning Nodes Are Snatching Funds From Bad Actors (#GotBitcoin?)

The Provident Bank Now Offers Deposit Services For Crypto-Related Entities (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Could Help Stop News Censorship From Space (#GotBitcoin?)

US Sanctions On Iran Crypto Mining — Inevitable Or Impossible? (#GotBitcoin?)

US Lawmaker Reintroduces ‘Safe Harbor’ Crypto Tax Bill In Congress (#GotBitcoin?)

EU Central Bank Won’t Add Bitcoin To Reserves — Says It’s Not A Currency (#GotBitcoin?)

The Miami Dolphins Now Accept Bitcoin And Litecoin Crypt-Currency Payments (#GotBitcoin?)

Trump Bashes Bitcoin And Alt-Right Is Mad As Hell (#GotBitcoin?)

Goldman Sachs Ramps Up Development Of New Secret Crypto Project (#GotBitcoin?)

Blockchain And AI Bond, Explained (#GotBitcoin?)

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust Outperformed Indexes In First Half Of 2019 (#GotBitcoin?)

XRP Is The Worst Performing Major Crypto Of 2019 (GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Back Near $12K As BTC Shorters Lose $44 Million In One Morning (#GotBitcoin?)

As Deutsche Bank Axes 18K Jobs, Bitcoin Offers A ‘Plan ฿”: VanEck Exec (#GotBitcoin?)

Argentina Drives Global LocalBitcoins Volume To Highest Since November (#GotBitcoin?)

‘I Would Buy’ Bitcoin If Growth Continues — Investment Legend Mobius (#GotBitcoin?)

Lawmakers Push For New Bitcoin Rules (#GotBitcoin?)

Facebook’s Libra Is Bad For African Americans (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Firm Charity Announces Alliance To Support Feminine Health (#GotBitcoin?)

Canadian Startup Wants To Upgrade Millions Of ATMs To Sell Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Trump Says US ‘Should Match’ China’s Money Printing Game (#GotBitcoin?)

Casa Launches Lightning Node Mobile App For Bitcoin Newbies (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Rally Fuels Market In Crypto Derivatives (#GotBitcoin?)

World’s First Zero-Fiat ‘Bitcoin Bond’ Now Available On Bloomberg Terminal (#GotBitcoin?)

Buying Bitcoin Has Been Profitable 98.2% Of The Days Since Creation (#GotBitcoin?)

Another Crypto Exchange Receives License For Crypto Futures

From ‘Ponzi’ To ‘We’re Working On It’ — BIS Chief Reverses Stance On Crypto (#GotBitcoin?)

These Are The Cities Googling ‘Bitcoin’ As Interest Hits 17-Month High (#GotBitcoin?)

Venezuelan Explains How Bitcoin Saves His Family (#GotBitcoin?)

Quantum Computing Vs. Blockchain: Impact On Cryptography

This Fund Is Riding Bitcoin To Top (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin’s Surge Leaves Smaller Digital Currencies In The Dust (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Exchange Hits $1 Trillion In Trading Volume (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Breaks $200 Billion Market Cap For The First Time In 17 Months (#GotBitcoin?)

You Can Now Make State Tax Payments In Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Religious Organizations Make Ideal Places To Mine Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Goldman Sacs And JP Morgan Chase Finally Concede To Crypto-Currencies (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Heading For Fifth Month Of Gains Despite Price Correction (#GotBitcoin?)

Breez Reveals Lightning-Powered Bitcoin Payments App For IPhone (#GotBitcoin?)

Big Four Auditing Firm PwC Releases Cryptocurrency Auditing Software (#GotBitcoin?)

Amazon-Owned Twitch Quietly Brings Back Bitcoin Payments (#GotBitcoin?)

JPMorgan Will Pilot ‘JPM Coin’ Stablecoin By End Of 2019: Report (#GotBitcoin?)

Is There A Big Short In Bitcoin? (#GotBitcoin?)

Coinbase Hit With Outage As Bitcoin Price Drops $1.8K In 15 Minutes

Samourai Wallet Releases Privacy-Enhancing CoinJoin Feature (#GotBitcoin?)

There Are Now More Than 5,000 Bitcoin ATMs Around The World (#GotBitcoin?)

You Can Now Get Bitcoin Rewards When Booking At Hotels.Com (#GotBitcoin?)

North America’s Largest Solar Bitcoin Mining Farm Coming To California (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin On Track For Best Second Quarter Price Gain On Record (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Hash Rate Climbs To New Record High Boosting Network Security (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Exceeds 1Million Active Addresses While Coinbase Custodies $1.3B In Assets

Why Bitcoin’s Price Suddenly Surged Back $5K (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin’s Lightning Comes To Apple Smartwatches With New App (#GotBitcoin?)

E-Trade To Offer Crypto Trading (#GotBitcoin)

US Rapper Lil Pump Starts Accepting Bitcoin Via Lightning Network On Merchandise Store (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitfinex Used Tether Reserves To Mask Missing $850 Million, Probe Finds (#GotBitcoin?)

21-Year-Old Jailed For 10 Years After Stealing $7.5M In Crypto By Hacking Cell Phones (#GotBitcoin?)

You Can Now Shop With Bitcoin On Amazon Using Lightning (#GotBitcoin?)

Afghanistan, Tunisia To Issue Sovereign Bonds In Bitcoin, Bright Future Ahead (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Faithful Say Blockchain Can Remake Securities Market Machinery (#GotBitcoin?)

Disney In Talks To Acquire The Owner Of Crypto Exchanges Bitstamp And Korbit (#GotBitcoin?)

Crypto Exchange Gemini Rolls Out Native Wallet Support For SegWit Bitcoin Addresses (#GotBitcoin?)

Binance Delists Bitcoin SV, CEO Calls Craig Wright A ‘Fraud’ (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Outperforms Nasdaq 100, S&P 500, Grows Whopping 37% In 2019 (#GotBitcoin?)

Bitcoin Passes A Milestone 400 Million Transactions (#GotBitcoin?)

Future Returns: Why Investors May Want To Consider Bitcoin Now (#GotBitcoin?)

Next Bitcoin Core Release To Finally Connect Hardware Wallets To Full Nodes (#GotBitcoin?)

Major Crypto-Currency Exchanges Use Lloyd’s Of London, A Registered Insurance Broker (#GotBitcoin?)

How Bitcoin Can Prevent Fraud And Chargebacks (#GotBitcoin?)

Why Bitcoin’s Price Suddenly Surged Back $5K (#GotBitcoin?)

Zebpay Becomes First Exchange To Add Lightning Payments For All Users (#GotBitcoin?)

Coinbase’s New Customer Incentive: Interest Payments, With A Crypto Twist (#GotBitcoin?)

The Best Bitcoin Debit (Cashback) Cards Of 2019 (#GotBitcoin?)

Real Estate Brokerages Now Accepting Bitcoin (#GotBitcoin?)

Ernst & Young Introduces Tax Tool For Reporting Cryptocurrencies (#GotBitcoin?)

How Will Bitcoin Behave During A Recession? (#GotBitcoin?)

Investors Run Out of Options As Bitcoin, Stocks, Bonds, Oil Cave To Recession Fears (#GotBitcoin?)

Our Facebook Page

Your Questions And Comments Are Greatly Appreciated.

Monty H. & Carolyn A

Go back

Leave a Reply